Thomas Aquinas The Light Of Faith Theology Religion

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Saint Thomas is a well-known saint. He is a Doctor of the Church. Saint Thomas Aquinas wrote the Summa Theologica and became a Doctor of the Church for that ground ( McInerny and O’Callaghan ) .

Saint Thomas Aquinas was born in 1225 A.D. to Count Landulf and Countess Theodora of Theate ( “ Thomas Aquinas ” ) . His parents were posterities of the baronial Lombards ( Thurston and Attwater 509 ) . He was born at Roccasecca which is about 75 stat mis east-southeast of Rome. Saint Thomas Aquinas ‘s household was high-up, affluent, and a baronial household in Italian society ( “ Thomas Aquinas ” ) . Aquinas studied under the Benedictine brothers of Monte Cassino. There he learned mathematics, scientific disciplines, linguistic communications, and the Catholic philosophies ( McInerny and O’Callaghan ) . After that he transferred to Naples, where he studied until 1244 ( “ Thomas Aquinas ” ) . He so went to Paris to analyze under Albertus Magnus for three old ages, so followed him to Cologne. He taught with Albertus Magnus at Cologne for a few old ages ( “ Thomas Aquinas ” ) .

Saint Thomas Aquinas became a Dominican brother at the age of 17. This pick was disapproved by his household, yet Aquinas had the fortitude to follow through. However much of his household tried to allure him to go forth the spiritual life, he resisted. He was imprisoned at the Fortress of San Giovanni near Roccasecca. His imprisonment lasted about two old ages. His household even tried to allure him with an impure adult female. He made her leave and prayed to God that he be granted unity. In his following slumber, he was visited by two angels and was granted ageless celibacy ( Kennedy ) . After he was released from his imprisonment, he wrote the Summa Theologica, besides known as the Summa Thelogiae. This work was besides made into a simpler version called The Light of Faith ; the Compendium of Theology. This work is a philosophy of the Church and the ground Aquinas is a Doctor of the Church. The Summa was originally intended to reply assorted controversial inquiries. However, it subsequently grew into the philosophy we know today ( McInerny and O’Callaghan ) . Unfortunately, the Summa Theologica was merely finished every bit far as the 90th inquiry of portion three ( Kennedy ) .

Thomas Aquinas ‘ The Light of Faith was meant to be a simplified, version of the Summa Theologica. In it, nevertheless, is an intricate description of the kernel of God, and His infinite wisdom and being. This is demonstrated by the undermentioned citation from the 4th chapter.

We clearly infer from this that God, who moves all things, must himself be immoveable. If He, being moved by another, for so there would hold to be some mover prior to him, which is against the very thought of a first mover. If he is moved by Himself, this can be conceived in two ways: either that he is mover and moved harmonizing to the same regard, of that He is a mover harmonizing to one facet of Him and is moved harmonizing to another facet. ( Aquinas 10-33 )

In his 34th chapter, he writes,

Hence it is besides clear that the Godhead will is the really act of willing in God. As has been pointed out, God ‘s will is indistinguishable with the good willed by Him. But this would be impossible if His willing were non the same as His will ; for willing is in the will because of the object willed. Consequently, God ‘s will is His willing. Again, God ‘s will is the same as His mind and His kernel. But God ‘s mind is His act of understanding, and His kernel is His bing. Therefore His will must be His act of willing. And so we see clearly that God ‘s will is non opposed to His simpleness. ( Aquinas 10-33 )

This means that God exists because something must hold made everything but non hold been made. It means that God wants merely good in the universe, and what God wants is non His will.

Saint Thomas Aquinas fell badly at the Castle of Maienza, place to his niece, the Countess Francesca Ceccano. He so stayed with the Cistercian brothers from Fossa Nuova. Immediately before having viaticum, the sacred Eucharist to fix for decease, he said the undermentioned profession of his strong religion.

If in this universe at that place be any cognition of this sacrament stronger than that of religion, I wish now to utilize it in confirming that I steadfastly believe and know as certain that Jesus Christ, True God and True Man, Son of God, and Son of the Virgin Mary is in this Sacrament… I receive thee, the monetary value of my salvation, for Whose love I have watched, studied, and laboured. Thee I have preached, Thee I have taught. Never have I said anything against Thee: if anything was non good said, allow that be attributed to my ignorance. Neither do I wish to be stubborn in my sentiments, but if I have written anything erroneous refering this Sacrament or other affairs, I submit all to the judgement and rectification of the Holy Roman Church, in whose obeisance I now pass from this life. ( Kennedy )

In this short soliloquy, Aquinas is relaying his feelings and how he has entire religion in God and Jesus, and that he accepts decease because he has been saved by God from wickedness. He expressed that if he has done anything incorrect, it is because of his human nature. He so states that he accepts being judged by the Church, God, and Jesus Christ, and he is faithful and obedient even in the face of decease. Saint Thomas Aquinas passed off from this life on March 7 1274 ( Kennedy ) .

Saint Thomas Aquinas is the frequenter saint of schools and universities, particularly Catholic establishments. On August 4, 1879, Pope Leo XIII pronounced Saint Thomas Aquinas “ the prince and maestro of all Scholastic physicians ” ( Kennedy ) . I can associate to Saint Thomas Aquinas because he was exceptionally intelligent and devout. I chose to make a study on Saint Thomas Aquinas because he wrote the Summa Theologica, was a Doctor of the Church, and because I admire his fortitude, devotedness to the Lord, and willingness to be persecuted for the religion. Aquinas was ever low ; he was ne’er disdainful or rambunctious. He was genuinely a saint, in every sense of the word.

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