Second Great Awakening Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Second Great Awakening?
The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant revival movement in the United States that occurred in the early 19th century. It began around 1790 and lasted until 1840, although some historians consider it to have been active until the Civil War. It had a strong impact on American culture and society, leading to changes in religious beliefs, social reform movements, and the beginnings of what would become known as evangelical Christianity.The Second Great Awakening was characterized by an emphasis on personal conversion experiences, which were often seen as necessary for salvation. Preachers used dramatic rhetoric to emphasize the need for immediate repentance and encouraged their audiences to take part in camp meetings where they could be moved by sermons delivered by powerful orators. These camp meetings were popular among frontier settlers who could attend them without having to travel far from home. The Second Great Awakening also gave rise to a number of social reform movements such as temperance (the abstinence from alcohol), abolitionism (the fight against slavery), women’s rights, and public education campaigns. The movement also led to increased religious diversity with new denominations such as Adventism and Mormonism being formed during this time period. Overall, the Second Great Awakening had a major impact on American culture and society in terms of both religion and social reform movements that took place during this period of time. Its legacy can still be felt today with many Christian denominations having roots in its teachings while it also helped pave the way for important social reforms that continue to shape our world today.