Periods Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Periods?
The period of Indian history is quite extensive and complex, spanning thousands of years. In this essay, I will provide a brief overview of some of the key periods that have shaped India’s culture and development. The first major period in Indian history began around 3000 BC with the Indus Valley Civilization. This was one of the earliest cities in the world and had an advanced urban planning system. This civilization was known for its sophisticated drainage systems, architecture and art, as well as its commercial trade routes which helped spread culture and technology across Asia. The decline of this civilization is thought to be due to a combination of factors including drought, earthquakes, floods and invasion by nomadic tribes. The next major period began with the rise of Aryans around 1500 BC. The Aryans were a nomadic tribe from Central Asia who brought with them their own language (Sanskrit) as well as new religious beliefs such as Hinduism which later developed into an integral part of Indian culture. This period also saw a series of invasions by other groups such as Greeks, Persians and Huns which led to further cultural exchange between India and other parts of Asia. The third major era began during 320-185 BC when India was ruled by the Maurya Dynasty under Emperor Ashoka who unified most parts of North India into one political entity (the Mauryan Empire). During this time Ashoka promoted Buddhism which became increasingly popular among both ordinary citizens and ruling classes alike throughout his kingdom due to his policies aimed at improving public welfare. Next came the Gupta Empire (320-550 AD) which is often referred to as ˜India’s Golden Age’ due to its achievements in science, mathematics, literature arts etc., during that time many great scholars like Kalidasa flourished while much progress was made in fields like astronomy and astrology among others things. It was during this time that Hinduism underwent its classical phase with philosophies such as Vedanta becoming popularized amongst common people. Afterward followed two centuries-long period during 600-1200 AD where subcontinent divided into various small kingdoms each trying to assert their authority over others leading political chaos throughout much region .