Cartography Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Cartography?
Cartography is the science and art of creating, analyzing, interpreting, and presenting geographical information in a visual format. Cartography has been used throughout history to create maps that accurately portray physical features on the Earth’s surface or other celestial bodies within our solar system. Throughout time cartographers have utilized advances in technology such as Geographic Information Systems (GIS) software to make more detailed and accurate maps than ever before.Modern cartography typically involves making maps through the use of geographic data stored electronically or on paper. This data can include topographical map layers, satellite imagery, aerial photographs, digital elevation models (DEMs), hydrography/hydrology datasets such as streams and rivers; man-made features like roads and cities; cultural landmarks; vegetation type distributions; population density figures; etc. In addition to using this data for mapping purposes it can also be used to analyze how different features interact with each other geographically by utilizing analytical techniques such as buffer analysis or spatial clustering analysis.The ability to make accurate maps enables us humans to better understand our environment both near and far away from home which helps us plan efficient routes for transportation whether it be land based vehicles, aircrafts or ships at sea. Accurate representation of our world not only gives people the opportunity to explore but it also serves an important role in helping protect endangered species habitats by allowing us to monitor their progress over time in certain regions around the globe where their populations are declining due to human activities such as deforestation or climate change related phenomena like rising sea levels. Overall Cartography is an invaluable tool for understanding our planet both now and into the future aiding researchers across many different disciplines from scientists studying global climate change patterns all the way down too small scale planners looking at urban development initiatives within city limits so they may develop those areas properly while still preserving important historical sites found there thus catering towards a given region’s specific needs which could ultimately benefit everyone living there in one way another when executed effectively.