Oscar Sura ~ AP Human Geography Chapter 1 Review

Who was the first to use the term “geography”?
Eratosthenes was the first to use this term.

Define Land Ordinance of 1785.
This divided much of the country into a system of townships and ranges to facilitate the sales of land.

How many degrees of longitude do you need to travel across to pass through one “hour” of time (or one time zone)?
15° are needed to pass through one time zone.

How many time zones are there?
There are 24 time zones.

What is the longitude of the International Date Line.
The longitude is 180°.

One contemporary (current) approach to studying landscape is called the regional studies approach. What do geographers who adopt this view believe regarding regions?
Geographers who adopt this view believe “A region gains uniqueness not from possessing a single human or environmental characteristic but from a combination of them…”.

Geographers using the regional studies approach argue that the distinctive landscapes of different regions result from what two things?
The distinctive landscapes of different regions result from a unique combination of social relationships and physical processes.

What are other names for a Formal, Functional, and Vernacular region?
Formal – Uniform/Homogeneous Region
Functional – Nodal Region
Vernacular – Perceptual Region

What is an area within which everyone shares in common one or more distinctive characteristics?
A Formal Region.

What is an area organized around a node or focal point?
A Functional Region.

What is a place that people believe exists as a part of their cultural identity?
A Vernacular Region.

Provide examples of a Formal, Functional, and Vernacular Region.
Formal – Everyone in the state of Michigan pays state taxes.
Functional – The reception of a TV station.
Vernacular – “I’m going home”.

What two meanings of culture do geographers study?
1. What we as people care about.
2. What we as people take care of.

How many modern technology played a role in globalization?
Modern technology makes money easy to move, as well as products, materials, and spread of word. Modern technology has also allowed globalization to occur and for the world to shrink together as one (not literally).

Hearth
The region from which innovative ideas originate.
Silicon Valley.

Relocation Diffusion
The spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another.
Dancing.

Hierarchical Diffusion
The spread of a feature or trend from one key person or node of authority or power to other person/places.
Pomeranians spread from Queen Victoria.

Contagious Diffusion
The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population.
Facebook.

Stimulus Diffusion
The spread of a underlying principle, even though a specific character is rejected.
Christianity.