North Atlantic Treaty Organization Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is North Atlantic Treaty Organization?
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is an intergovernmental military alliance comprised of 29 countries. Founded in 1949, it was established to safeguard the freedom and security of its members through political and military means. NATO’s fundamental purpose is to deter aggression against any member state and maintain international peace and security. NATO seeks to achieve these objectives by promoting collective defense, fostering dialogue between its members, engaging in cooperative security activities with partner organizations across the globe, supporting democratic values around the world, responding rapidly when crises arise, and contributing to international stability. Together, NATO allies agree on shared principles that include democracy; individual liberty; rule of law; social progress; respect for human rights; economic development; mutual cooperation among nations for their common good; peaceful settlement of disputes through negotiation or arbitration whenever possible; refraining from threat or use of force against another nation’s territorial integrity or political independence except under specific circumstances outlined in Article 5 of the treaty.Throughout its history, NATO has been a major contributor in addressing regional conflicts such as those involving Kosovo/Bosnia-Herzegovina during the 1990s as well as battling terrorism globally following September 11th attacks. The organization remains committed today to ensure a safe future for citizens living within member states’ borders while also continuing efforts towards global peace initiatives outside them.