Occupational Therapy Intervention for COPD – Flashcards

question
Dressing
answer
Set up, loose clothing, avoid socks with elastic, shawl vs. sweater, slip on shoes vs. tie, avoid elaborate outfits, put LE clothing on all at once
question
Grooming
answer
Avoid aerosol products, avoid elaborate hair/makeup
question
Hygiene
answer
Avoid aerosols, body poof, hand held shower, bath bench, perform in segments
question
EC/Work Simplification
answer
- Plan day - Prioritize efforts - Pacing - Position tools
question
Breathing Techniques
answer
- Pursed lip breathing - Diaphragmatic breathing
question
Training Aides
answer
- Blowing bubbles (pursed lip breathing) - Holding pulse oximeter to monitor percentage
question
Body Mechanics
answer
Relax: - Guided imagery - Progressive muscle relaxation - Lift with legs not back - Rolling walker, electric w/c - Push instead of pull - Posture
question
Postural Drainage
answer
For middle and lower sections of the lungs the chest is higher that the patients head. For upper sections of the lungs the patient should be sitting at a 45 degree angle. All positions require pillows to achieve desired height.
question
Chest Percussion
answer
With cupped hands move quickly and rhythmically across the patient's back
question
Other Interventions
answer
- Nutrition - Sexuality - Psychosocial/Spiritual - Lifestyle Changes - Community Involvement
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question
Dressing
answer
Set up, loose clothing, avoid socks with elastic, shawl vs. sweater, slip on shoes vs. tie, avoid elaborate outfits, put LE clothing on all at once
question
Grooming
answer
Avoid aerosol products, avoid elaborate hair/makeup
question
Hygiene
answer
Avoid aerosols, body poof, hand held shower, bath bench, perform in segments
question
EC/Work Simplification
answer
- Plan day - Prioritize efforts - Pacing - Position tools
question
Breathing Techniques
answer
- Pursed lip breathing - Diaphragmatic breathing
question
Training Aides
answer
- Blowing bubbles (pursed lip breathing) - Holding pulse oximeter to monitor percentage
question
Body Mechanics
answer
Relax: - Guided imagery - Progressive muscle relaxation - Lift with legs not back - Rolling walker, electric w/c - Push instead of pull - Posture
question
Postural Drainage
answer
For middle and lower sections of the lungs the chest is higher that the patients head. For upper sections of the lungs the patient should be sitting at a 45 degree angle. All positions require pillows to achieve desired height.
question
Chest Percussion
answer
With cupped hands move quickly and rhythmically across the patient's back
question
Other Interventions
answer
- Nutrition - Sexuality - Psychosocial/Spiritual - Lifestyle Changes - Community Involvement