Countries And Territories Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Countries And Territories?
Countries and Territories are geographical areas with defined boundaries, they are often recognized as political entities with their own government, laws and customs. Countries have an established population that is largely independent of other countries in terms of their culture, language and traditions. Territories have a less clearly defined population than countries and may be dependent on another country for some governmental or economic activities. The United Nations currently recognizes 193 countries worldwide that are also members of the organization. These countries include the five permanent members of the UN Security Council (the United States, Russia, China, France and the United Kingdom). Other important countries include Germany, India, Japan and Brazil. A variety of territories also exist around the world including Antarctica; French Guiana; Hong Kong; Macau; Puerto Rico; Taiwan; Greenland; U.S Virgin Islands ; Guam ; Northern Mariana Islands ; Falkland Islands ; British Indian Ocean Territory ; American Samoa & Christmas Island. Each country has its own unique characteristics that make it distinct from others such as its language(s), history culture , system of government , economy , infrastructure etc. For example India has a rich history & cultural heritage while France is known for its fashion & gastronomy. Similarly each territory has its own set of rules & regulations set by its parent country which may differ from those applicable in other parts of the world. In addition to being recognized by international organizations like the UN many countries and territories also form part of regional organizations such as the European Union , African Union , Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation etc which help promote trade between them & provide support in times of conflict or natural disaster. This type of cooperation between different nations can lead to greater stability & prosperity for all involved parties. Overall Countries And Territories play an important role in global politics due to their various features & attributes. They can be a source for international conflict but can also be powerful forces for cooperation depending on how they interact with each other.