book questions for SPMT 217 exam 1

question

Who founded the National League?
answer

William Hulbert
question

Who is recognized as the architect of the professional golf tournament?
answer

fred corcoran
question

What university had the first sport management academic program?
answer

ohio university
question

The name of the part of a contract that binded a professional baseball player to his ballclub was called
answer

reverse clause
question

The first professional baseball team was the Cincinnati Reds. T or F?
answer

true
question

Tournaments today are often created by player associations rather than marketing agencies or broadcast media. T or F?
answer

false
question

The modern Olympic Games in 1896 were held in which city?
answer

Athens
question

Which of the following was instrumental in initiating the modern Olympic Games?
answer

Pierre de Coubertin
question

What two themes run through this chapter’s examination of sport organizations?
answer

honesty and inclusion
question

There are more than 100 sport management programs in the United States. T or F?
answer

true
question

Two of the earlier phases used in the development of management theory are:
answer

scientific management and human relations movement
question

The underrepresentation of women, minorities, and people with disabilities in the sport industry is an important issue for sport managers who value _____ in the workplace.
answer

diversity
question

The most important asset in an organization is its
answer

people
question

Sport managers must master their _____ skills in order to be successful
answer

communication
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_____ involves measuring and ensuring progress toward organizational objectives.
answer

evaluating
question

Which of the following is NOT a step in the classic model of decision making?
answer

managing technology
question

Sport management should have an international scope. T or F?
answer

true
question

Participant decision making involves the manager making all of the decisions. T or F?
answer

false
question

_____ is a continuous process that involves establishing organizational mission statements, goals, objectives, tactics, roles, and evaluation
answer

planning
question

The sport industry in the United States is in decline.
answer

false
question

What is a marketer’s main job?
answer

create demand
question

The term for a group of consumers to whom a product is marketed to is:
answer

target market
question

______ was the first company to capitalize on the term official in marketing its
answer

spalding
question

Mark McCormack’s sports marketing agency, IMG, began through a relationship with what athlete:
answer

arnold palmer
question

Nike’s exploits during the 1996 Atlanta Olympics are an example of what type of marketing?
answer

ambush marketing
question

_______ involves identifying subgroups of the overall marketplace based on factors such as age or income level.
answer

segmentation
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Behavoirs and preferences like an individual’s beliefs, opinions, lifestyles, and habits are considered by marketers to be:
answer

psychographic characteristics
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Relationship marketing occurs when sports organizations view their customers as statistics in a database. T of F?
answer

false
question

Fan identification is defined as the sense of oneness with or belongingness to an organization. T or F?
answer

true
question

All of the following are examples of a demographic trait or characteristic except: income age activities gender
answer

activities
question

The concept of _______ is probably the best single measure of an industry’s impact.
answer

value-added
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Which of the following most accurately defines the managerial discipline of finance?how an organization generates the funds that flow into the organization how an organization allocates its funds once they are in the organization any decision relating to money all of the above answers A & B above
answer

answers A & B above
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In a basic sense, financial success relies on higher:
answer

profits
question

______ is/are anything that an organization owns that can be used to generate future
answer

assets
question

Which statement concerning the tradeoff between financing through debt or equity is true? Generally, financing with equity is more expensive than debt. Generally, financing with debt carries more risk than equity. Both A & B Neither A nor B
answer

both a & b
question

Which financial statement measures the financial performance of an organization over a specified time period, usually a year?
answer

income statement
question

All of the following are examples of “financial” mechanisms for altering competitive balance EXCEPT: soft salary cap luxury tax hard salary cap revenue sharing all of the above are financial mechanisms
answer

all of the above
question

Teams prefer their stadiums to have more luxury and club seating than ordinary regular seating. T or F?
answer

true
question

The payroll threshold set for a luxury tax acts the same as a hard salary cap. T of F?
answer

false
question

What financial mechanism helps improve the effectiveness of revenue sharing to improve competitive balance?
answer

hard salary cap
question

Before a sport manager is liable for negligence, the plaintiff must show that the sport manager owed the plaintiff a duty of care. A legal duty of care arises from which of the following origins: From a relationship inherent in a particular situation From a voluntary assumption of the duty of care From a duty mandated by a law From all of the above
answer

all the above
question

To successfully show a defendant was negligent, a plaintiff must prove: A duty of care is owed to the plaintiff by the defendant The defendant breached the duty of care The defendant’s actions were the actual and proximate cause of the plaintiff’s injury There is evidence of monetary damages All the above
answer

all the above
question

Which of the following elements is not necessary for a valid contract?
answer

Liquidated damages
question

A collective bargaining agreement is:
answer

the contract between the players and the owners in professional sport
question

Which of the following statements are true? All professional sports leagues’ national broadcasting agreements are exempt from antitrust laws. Professional sport leagues’ collective bargaining agreements are exempt from antitrust law under the labor exemption. National Football League is the only professional sport league exempt from antitrust laws. A&B only. All of the above.
answer

A&B only
question

The U.S. Supreme Court case, PGA Tour Inc. v. Martin (2001) involved a challenge to PGA Tour rules under what statute?
answer

Amateur Sports Act
question

Under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, it is not illegal to discriminate based on religion, gender, or national origin if the classification is
answer

a bonafide occupational qualification
question

Management in professional sports supports unions much more strongly than employers in other industries. T or F?
answer

True
question

Waivers and releases of liability are contracts where parties agree to give up their right to sue for all types of torts. T of F?
answer

False
question

An example of an Equal Pay Act violation may be paying the female coach of a female athletic team less in salary than the male coach of a female team. T of F?
answer

true
question

The process of making a correct and fair decision is called _____.
answer

ethical reasoning
question

_____, like ethics, is concerned with values guiding behavior.
answer

morality
question

To help with ethical decision-making, an organization should write and consult a(n) _____.
answer

code of conduct
question

Which of the following are examples of sport organizations with codes of conduct? The National Intramural and Recreational Sports Association The American Camping Association The U.S. Olympic Committee All of the above
answer

all of the above
question

Morality can be seen through either a(n) ________ view or a(n) ________ view.
answer

absolute, relative
question

To be effective, discipline must meet which of the following criteria?
answer

meaningful and enforceable
question

When sport managers are faced with ethical dilemmas, their decisions are difficult to make. T of F?
answer

true
question

Ethical decision making is done best with it is a “gut” feeling with no process. T or F?
answer

false
question

Codes of conduct are only valuable within the sport industry in the United States. T or F?
answer

false
question

Codes of ethics should be long and detailed. T or F?
answer

false

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