Civil Rights Act Of 1964 Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Civil Rights Act Of 1964?
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was a landmark piece of legislation in the United States that outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. It was an historic victory for civil rights activists who had been fighting for such protections since the 1950s and it represented a major legislative achievement for President Lyndon B. Johnson. The act was passed by Congress and signed into law by Johnson in July 1964.The primary purpose of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was to end segregation in public places and provide all Americans with equal protection under the law. This included prohibiting discrimination in public education and employment opportunities, guaranteeing access to public accommodations such as restaurants and hotels regardless of race or gender, and providing federal protection from racial violence or intimidation. Additionally, it made it illegal for employers to discriminate against individuals because of their race when making decisions about hiring, firing or promoting employees. The Civil Rights Act had sweeping implications for the social fabric of our nation as well as its legal system. It created a new standard for civil rights enforcement that would be used in subsequent legislation throughout the next decades including Title VII of the Civil Rights Act (which prohibited employment discrimination), Title IX (which provided gender equality in education), Title VI (which prohibited racial segregation) and more recently Affirmative Action programs which seek to create greater diversity within organizations by taking into account factors such as race or ethnicity when considering applicants for jobs or college admissions programs. In addition to its legal implications, the passage of this act ushered in an important shift culturally as well creating more opportunities for people who were traditionally disadvantaged due to their skin color or other characteristics previously deemed undesirable by society at large due to racism and prejudice. This allowed people from different backgrounds to have access to resources they otherwise would not have had before promoting greater economic opportunity along with social advancement as well The impact of The Civil Rights Act Of 1964 continues even today ensuring every individual is given equal protection under law regardless of race, color creed etc., allowing us all an equal chance at success no matter where we come from. It truly altered our nation’s history forever.