Metaphysics Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Metaphysics?
Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy that examines the fundamental nature of reality, including the relationship between mind and matter, and between substance and attribute. It attempts to answer questions about what is ultimately real in the universe, such as the nature of being, causation, time, space, identity and free will. Metaphysics also studies topics such as predication, existence, truth and categories. Metaphysicians typically use logical reasoning to explore these topics.Metaphysical theories attempt to explain how reality works on a more fundamental level than scientific theories do. Scientists study physical phenomena through experiments and observations; metaphysicians often rely on logical arguments to reach conclusions about what is true in reality. This means that metaphysicians must consider many different aspects of reality when forming their theories from abstract concepts like consciousness or morality to tangible physical objects like atoms or planets. As a result, metaphysics can be seen as a bridge between science and philosophy: it seeks to understand both the material world around us (science) as well as our experience within it (philosophy). Metaphysical theories have been debated for centuries by philosophers from various fields such as theology, psychology and physics. These debates have led to several important insights into how we should think about ultimate truths in our universe insights which can be applied in various domains ranging from epistemology (theory of knowledge) to ethics (moral values). For example, debates over free will may help us decide whether an action was truly voluntary or predetermined by outside forces; similarly debates over personal identity may inform decisions regarding whether or not someone’s life should be preserved if they suffer severe brain damage. In conclusion, Metaphysics is an essential field of inquiry within philosophy which helps us better understand our world by exploring its underlying principles.