Chapter 27 & 28 Civil Rights Movement & Kennedy and Johnson Years

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What happened in hundreds of cities immediately after the assassination of Martin Luther King?
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Riots broke out.
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The conflict at Little Rock’s Central high School was a reaction to
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Brown v. Board of Education.
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In what way did the Civil Rights Act of 1964 affect employment in the United States?
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It outlawed job discrimination and created the EEOC to investigate charges of job
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events in the Civil Rights movement preceded the Civil Rights Act of 1964?
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The Supreme Court ruled that segregation in public schools was unconstitutional. Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white passenger on a bus in Alabama. Dr. Martin Luther King delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech at The March on Washington.
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At what point did the Black Panthers believe that African Americans would become “free”?
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when they gained full control of their community institutions
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How did the Black Panthers exemplify the idea of “black power”?
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The Black Panthers developed programs for African Americans to help themselves and their communities.
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Who signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964?
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President Johnson
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When three civil rights workers disappeared during Freedom Summer, the SNCC claimed that they had been
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murdered.
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While in prison, Malcolm X became a convert to
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the Nation of Islam.
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What civil rights measure was passed by Congress shortly after King’s assassination?
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the Fair Housing Act
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The Alliance for Progress provided what kind of assistance to Latin American countries?
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economic
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As the result of the Cuban Missile Crisis, Khrushchev
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declined in national politics.
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As a result of the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty,
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nearly forty countries ended above ground nuclear tests.
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What did President Kennedy’s domestic agenda primarily fight?
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poverty
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Which of these was a result of the Equal Pay Act?
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Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone in Kennedy’s assassination.
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According to Johnson, the primary role of government is to
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support individual effort.
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Kennedy’s military policies encouraged more funding for
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the Special Forces
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African American famous for breaking into major league baseball
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Jackie Robinson
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How long did the Montgomery bus boycott last?
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more than a year
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In return for the desegregation of interstate transportation,
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the Kennedy administration agreed not to stop the arrest of Mississippi activists.
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Why did Martin Luther King target Birmingham, Alabama for a civil rights campaign?
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because it was considered the most segregated city in the South
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two specific activities are protected from discrimination in Civil Rights Act of 1964
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voting and employment
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What were Jim Crow laws?
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They were laws that enforced the strict separation of the races.
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The members of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) believed
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that direct, nonviolent methods could gain civil rights for African Americans.
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Which civil rights organization won a number of important court cases against segregation in the 1950s?
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NAACP
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In a ruling known as Brown II, the Supreme Court
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ordered the immediate implementation of Brown v. Board of Education.
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To which city did President Eisenhower send federal troops to protect African American students?
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Montgomery, Alabama
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In response to riots over desegregation the University of Mississippi, President Kennedy declared that
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Americans were free to disagree with the law but not to disobey it.
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Why were many Americans surprised when President Johnson supported civil rights?
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He was a Southerner with an undistinguished record on racial matters.
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At what school was there major rioting over James Meredith’s enrollment?
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the University of Mississippi
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How did T. Eugene Connor react to civil rights marchers in Birmingham, Alabama?
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He ordered the use of police dogs and fire hoses against the marchers.
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The Civil Rights Act of 1964 forbids discrimination in employment on the basis of
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race.
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The first of the confrontations on the Edmund Pettus Bridge during the march on Selma became known as
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Bloody Sunday
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Following the issuance of the Kerner Commission’s findings, a number of conservative commentators
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argued against expanding federal spending for minorities
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What was the outcome of the Alliance for Progress?
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Relations between the United States and Latin America improved.
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The Bay of Pigs invasion was an attempt to overthrow
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Fidel Castro
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Kennedy prevented completion of missile bases in Cuba by approving a
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naval blockade.
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What issue led to the construction of the Berlin Wall?
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America’s refusal to recognize a divided Germany
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One component of President Kennedy’s New Frontier was
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equality for all Americans.
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How did President Kennedy initially approach civil rights policies?
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cautiously
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What effect did the Cold War have on the American space program?
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Competition with the Soviet Union spurred American space missions.
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After the assassination, President Kennedy was succeeded by
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Lyndon Johnson.
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The Warren Commission determined that
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President Kennedy’s assassin acted alone.
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The purpose of the Civil Rights Act was to
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fight discrimination based on race and sex.
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Which of these came first in Johnson’s War on Poverty?
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the Economic Opportunity Act
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Which of these groups benefited from the Elementary and Secondary Education Act
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inner city schools
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What was one result of the Great Society?
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The lives of many underprivileged Americans improved.
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The Warren Court often made rulings that
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supported civil liberties.
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What was the conclusion of the Warren Commission about Lee Harvey’s Oswald’s role in the JFK assassination?
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He acted alone.
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What did the construction of the Berlin Wall do to the country of Germany?
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The Berlin Wall divided East and West Germany.
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What Kruschchev request did President Kennedy deny at their 1961 conference in Vienna?
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to recognize the formal division of Germany and end the American occupation of West Berlin
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From his time in Congress, Johnson was known for his skills in
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compromise.
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Why was the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 necessary?
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Existing American immigration policies were discriminatory.
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What is an argument that people used to prevent affirmative action?
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it would not be fair for white people & discriminate against non-minorities.
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Not longer after the passage of the voting rights act of 1965, African Americans in several cities
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they assumed public office

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