History Chapter 27-29

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The United States involvement in Vietnam grew from an earlier policy of
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containment.
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President Kennedy approved an attack on Cuba by CIA-trained ex-Cubans at
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The bay of pigs
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The most important issue of President Kennedy’s administration was
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Civil rights
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This was a training program introduced by President Lyndon Johnson that was aimed at inner-city youths ages sixteen to twenty-one.
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Job Corps
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Stokely Carmichael is best associated with
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the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee.
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The Civil Rights Act of 1964 banned racial segregation everywhere except
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Schools
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What did President Kennedy do after his disastrous performance at the Vienna Summit?
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He called up National Guard units to protect West Berlin.
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Which of the following was not part of Kennedy’s domestic program?
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Abolishing welfare
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The heir apparent for the Democratic nomination for president in 1968, he was assassinated after giving his acceptance speech.
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Robert. F. Kennedy
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The United States ship that was attacked in the Gulf of Tonkin was
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The U.S.S. Maddox.
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President Lyndon Johnson’s domestic program in his second term was known as
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the Great Society.
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The first sustained bombing of North Vietnam by the United States was called
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Operation Rolling Thunder.
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In his Republican nomination speech, Richard Nixon appealed to a group called
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the silent majority.
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What sparked race riots in more than 100 cities in 1968?
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The assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.
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One of the first pieces of legislation signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson, it lowered the tax rate by 20 percent.
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Revenue Act
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During the civil rights movement, peaceful protests at white-only establishments were called
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Sit-ins
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In 1968, the Viet Cong attacked American and South Vietnamese targets in their largest, coordinated attack. It is known as
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the Tet Offensive.
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This group’s convention experienced a riot in 1968.
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Democrat
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Who won the presidential election of 1968?
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Richard Nixon
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This document gave President Lyndon Johnson the authority to prevent further aggression in Vietnam toward the United States.
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The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
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Which word best describes President Nixon’s strategy in dealing with the Russians in his second administration?
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Negotiation
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The newspaper that broke the story of Watergate was the
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Washington Post
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Until an assassination attempt was made on his life, this man was the chief opponent to President Nixon winning a second term of office.
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George Wallace
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In an effort to prevent the United States from being incrementally pulled into another war like Vietnam, Congress passed
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the War Powers Act.
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In 1962, Tom Hayden and Al Haber created this, the first campus organization based on the tactics employed during the civil rights.
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Students for a Democratic Society
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Nixon abused his presidential powers during the Watergate affair by
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ordering the CIA to confuse the FBI about the case.
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In the 1960s, this group was characterized as being unorganized, and more focused on cultural radicalism rather than political activism.
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Counterculture
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What is the government program that provides preferential treatment to minorities and women to atone for past injustices?
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Affirmative Action
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Cesar Chavez is best associated with which group?
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UFW
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What did President Ford do that started off his presidency on the wrong foot?
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He pardoned Nixon.
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During his administration, President Nixon authorized the ______ to work to thwart an elected official in Chile from taking office.
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CIA
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In 1973 this landmark case was decided by the Supreme Court striking down state laws on abortion.
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Roe V. Wade
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After the United States’ withdrawal from Vietnam,
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North Vietnam was able to defeat South Vietnam.
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To apply pressure in diplomatic circles in regards to Vietnam, President Nixon
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Expanded the air war
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In the 1960s this group was characterized by long hair, beards on men, no makeup for women, casual sex, and communal living arrangements.
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Hippies
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A rebirth of the women’s movement in the 1960s focused on
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feminism.
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President Nixon’s plan of removing U.S. troops from Vietnam was called
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Vietnamization.
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President Nixon’s New Federalism plan promoted
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sending federal monies to the states to spend as they saw fit.
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President Nixon’s greatest success came in the field of
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foreign policy.
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Nixon’s plan for winning the presidency was known as
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the southern strategy.
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In the Soviet Union, Communist hardliners saw this man as the reason for the collapse of their government.
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Mikhail Gorbachev
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Before becoming president, Ronald Reagan was governor of which state?
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California
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Which statement best describes the problems with President Carter’s leadership?
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micromanager
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Which of the following did not have a higher rate of production than the United States in the 1980s?
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England
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During the 1980s,
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Americans spent more than they made.
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President Reagan’s anti-missile defense system involved missile-killing
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satellites.
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The worst Wall Street Crash since the Depression occurred on a day known as
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Black Monday
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What landmark piece of President Carter’s administration was referred to as being “nibbled to death by ducks”?
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National Energy Act
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Which statement best describes the 1980 election?
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It was a landslide for Reagan.
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President Reagan appointed the first female to the Supreme Court. Her name is
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Sandra Day O’Connor.
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The purchase, destruction, and rebuilding of poor neighborhoods into upscale condominiums is known as
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gentrification.
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President Reagan planned on beating the Russians in the cold war by
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overwhelming them both financially and militarily.
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In the 1984 election, the first female vice-presidential candidate was nominated. Who was she?
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Geraldine Ferraro
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The major breakthrough in the computing industry in the 1970s was the invention of
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the microprocessor.
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What was an early success of President Carter’s?
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He reduced the White House staff by a third.
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What was the outcome of the Camp David Accords?
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Egypt recognized Israel’s right to exist
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What was a major reason that Jimmy Carter won the presidency in 1976?
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He convinced voters he was incorruptible.
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Which statement best describes President Reagan’s plan to deal with the Soviets?
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Peace through strength.
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Heading toward the 1984 election, what term was used to describe President Reagan’s first administration?
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Reagan Revolution
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During the collapse of the Soviet Union, which of the following did President George H. W. Bush not do?
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Launch a pre-emptive strike into Russia to destroy their nuclear capability

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