2014 released EOC

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Boycott RED COACH LETTUCE…is words on a poster. This 1972 poster depicts an organization originally formed to advocate —
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better economic treatment of migrant workers
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The participants in this week’s antidraft demonstration . . . are . . . students or young men . . . who are working within a coalition . . . which calls itself the Stop the Draft Week Committee. . . . —Douglas Robinson, New York Times, December 6, 1967 The demonstration described in this article was most likely prompted by —
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Escalated deployment of US forces to Vietnam
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The introduction of vaccines to the United States helped —
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limit the spread of infectious diseases
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Company A Special Text messaging plans starting at 25¢ per text Company B Special Add a family text message plan $29.99 for 1,000 text messages per month Company C Special Upgrade to a monthly unlimited data plan for $49.99 What do these advertisements suggest to consumers?
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Free Enterprise promotes competition between cell phone providers
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TVA: An integrated program of the Tennessee River Watershed, for National Defense, Flood Control and Navagation Why did the federal government create this program in 1933?
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To promote jobs and improve the regional standard of living.
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Jackie Robinson first rose to national prominence in the late 1940s when he —
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helped bring an end to racial segregation in Baseball
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Senator Joseph McCarthy is best known for his involvement in —
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the Red Scare of the 1950s
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government poster directly related to the Civil Rights Act of 1964?
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Employment Discrimation is Illegal
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For the purpose of enabling each State to furnish financial assistance, as far as practicable under the conditions in such State, to aged needy individuals, there is hereby authorized to be appropriated . . . for each fiscal year a sum sufficient to carry out the purposes of this title. —Social Security Act of 1935, Title 1, Section 1 How did the legislation excerpted above affect the relationship between the U.S. government and its citizens?
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it made the government more responsible for people’s individual welfare
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The government issued ration books during World War II in order to —
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to allow fair distribution of scarce goods
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As the human population grows in the Flagstaff region, we increase the impact of transportation corridors (such as roads and rails) and land use changes (such as urban and rural development) on wildlife populations. . . . To that end, the City of Flagstaff and Coconino County requested wildlife corridor information from the Arizona Game and Fish Department. . . . —Jessica Gist and Sarah Reif, Arizona Game and Fish Department, August 2009 The establishment of the wildlife corridors discussed in the excerpt was most likely necessary to prevent —
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the disruption of animal migration
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The primary reason given by U.S. leaders to justify military involvement in Vietnam was that it would —
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keep communism from spreading throughout the region
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Discontent with major political parties leads to the organization of a third party. Potential voters mobilize support for the third party. The third party becomes competition for the major parties. ———————————————————– How have major parties reacted to the scenario described above?
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By addressing the issues raised by the third parties
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To His Excellency William McKinley, President, and the Senate, of the United States of America . . . We, the undersigned, native Hawaiian citizens . . . who are members of the Hawaiian Patriotic League of the Hawaiian Islands, and others who are in sympathy with the said League, earnestly protest against the . . . [addition] of the said Hawaiian Islands to the said United States of America in any form or shape. — Petition, 1897 What were these Hawaiian citizens protesting?
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The forced annexation of the islands as a U.S. territory after the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy
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Which of these was a major goal of Jane Addams’s Settlement House movement in Chicago?
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The assimilation of immigrants
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Chronic wrongdoing, . . . which results in a general loosening of the ties of civilized society, may in America, as elsewhere, ultimately require intervention by some civilized nation, and in the Western Hemisphere the adherence of the United States to the Monroe Doctrine may force the United States, however reluctantly, in flagrant cases of such wrongdoing . . . to the exercise of an international police power. —President Theodore Roosevelt, 1904 President Roosevelt issued this statement in response to —
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the threat of European intervention in Latin America
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During the nineteenth century, one way political bosses gained voter support was by —
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making improvements in urban infrastructure
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Most states allow citizens to vote in elections after presenting a voter-registration card. Some federal legislators attempted to pass a bill requiring another form of identification for voting. Some citizens who opposed this proposed bill solicited donations and hired someone to talk to members of Congress on their behalf. The hired representative met with the members of Congress and attempted to persuade them to vote against the bill. What type of political activity is described in this scenario?
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Lobbying
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Which of these is an effect rock and roll had on society in the United States in the 1950s?
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It contributed to a cultural divide between generations
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During the 1920s, what was one result of innovations in U.S. transportation technology?
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Mass-produced automobiles made travel more affordable for many people.
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What major operation ordered by President Harry S. Truman in 1948, was designed to allow an airplane to land every three minutes. Why was this operation undertaken?
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to provide supplies for a blockaded city. The Berlin Airlift
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24 Under the U.S. Constitution, the government may not take private property unless —
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the government pays the owner fair compensation for the land
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Upon entering World War I, the United States enlarged its military by —
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passing the Selective Service Act
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How did the publication of Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle contribute to a change in the relationship between government and business?
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Government regulations requiring the inspection of food products were implemented.
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The skill and courage of the Tuskegee Airmen served to —
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Hdecrease opposition to integrating the armed forces
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Dear Stop ERA Friend . . . In the face of all the pressure the ERAers are exerting this month, we need to remind all our Senators and Representatives that we are counting on them — 1) To vote NO on ERA, and 2) To resist all efforts to eliminate the 3/5th majority that the Illinois Constitution requires for constitutional amendments. —Letter from the National Chairman of Stop ERA, December 6, 1978 The author of this letter was —
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a leader of a conservative interest group
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During the 1920s, Clarence Darrow and William Jennings Bryan were most closely identified with the —
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conflict between modernism and traditionalism
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The Federal Housing Administration is a New Deal agency that continues to assist many Americans primarily by
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helping them obtain mortgage loans from banks
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Why did the United States adopt the motto In God We Trust in 1956?
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To distinguish the nation from countries that restricted religious practices
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Another visual mark of change has been in clothing styles. As radical groups have all but disappeared from most colleges and high schools . . . the street-fighting uniforms, the Army surplus look, the blue jeans and work shirts, and the costumes of the \”freaks,\” the tie-dyed, thrift shop and frontier scout styles, have become rarer and rarer. With some exceptions, . . . students are dressing up more—not high-style, but neater, cleaner and brighter. —Douglas E. Kneeland, New York Times This excerpt describes changes in student fashion toward the end of —
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the counterculture movement
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The Voting Rights Act of 1965 eliminated —
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literacy tests as prerequisites for voting
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Decline in worldwide trade ? Bank failures = Great Depression __________________________________ Which of the following best completes this graphic organizer?
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Overspeculation in the stock market
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In 1979 the Shah of Iran was forced into exile. The U.S. government later allowed the Shah to enter the United States for medical treatment. This perceived U.S. support for the Shah of Iran resulted in which of the following?
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Revolutionaries kidnapped a group of U.S. citizens in Iran.
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The opponents of . . . recall, however they may phrase their opposition, in reality believe the people can not be trusted. On the other hand, those of us who espouse these measures do so because of our deep-rooted belief in popular government, and not only in the right of the people to govern, but in their ability to govern; and this leads us logically to the belief that if the people have the right, the ability, and the intelligence to elect, they have as well the right, ability, and intelligence to reject or to recall. . . . — California governor Hiram Johnson, inaugural address, 1911 The reform discussed by Governor Johnson in this excerpt —
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made elected officials more directly accountable to their constituents
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Which of these resulted from the prohibition of alcohol during the 1920s?
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The rise of organized crime
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in the nineteenth-century the United States was beginning to change from —
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a mostly rural society to a mostly urban one
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Statement 1: The U.S. oil industry boomed due to oil deposits found in conquered territories. Statement 2: Rebuilding its devastated army cost the United States an enormous amount of money. Statement 3: The acquisition of new territories allowed for the expansion of U.S. commercial trade. Statement 4: Territorial losses forced the United States to purchase expensive natural resources from other countries. —————————————————– Which statement would most likely be found in a history of the economic impact of the Spanish-American War on the United States?
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Statement 3: The acquisition of new territories allowed for the expansion of U.S. commercial trade.
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? Soldiers dug trenches. = A stalemate developed along the western front. ____________________________ Which action completes this diagram?
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The use of machine guns resulted in massive casualties.
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President Franklin D. Roosevelt sought to reassure the American public during uncertain economic times by —
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delivering a series of evening radio speeches known as fireside chats
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In the nineteenth-century the United States changed from a mostly___________ society to a mostly ______________ society
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rural, urban
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Supported Opposed Civil disobedience – Expressions of violence Nonviolent resistance – Racial separatism Desegregation – Political compromises The name of which civil rights leader best completes the title of the graphic?
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Martin Luther King, Jr.
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How does the 1966 Supreme Court decision in Miranda v. Arizona continue to affect society?
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People accused of a crime must be informed of their constitutional rights.
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• Develop advanced battery technologies that allow a plug-in hybrid-electric vehicle to have a 40-mile range operating solely on battery charge • Foster the breakthrough technologies needed to make cellulosic ethanol cost- competitive with corn-based ethanol by 2012 • Accelerate progress towards the President’s goal of enabling large numbers of Americans to choose hydrogen fuel cell vehicles by 2020 — White House National Economic Council, Advanced Energy Initiative, 2006 These proposals most clearly reflect the federal government’s developing role in —
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supporting environmental conservation
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During the Gilded Age there was a notable increase in federal support for —
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the growth of big business
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Atomic Bombs Dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki What was the main effect of the event reported in this headline?
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World War II ended with Japan surrendering to the Allies.
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Special fabrics that keep the wearer cool –Fabrics that block harmful ultraviolet rays High-strength textiles made for reentry parachutes–Bulletproof vests for law enforcement agents Sensors to detect biological traces on planets–Devices to monitor the presence of contaminants in water ————————————————– What is one way to describe the developments shown above?
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Practical applications of technologies developed for spaceflight
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In the late 1800s, the Supreme Court’s decision in Plessy v. Ferguson —
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created a legal justification for segregation laws
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Whoever, when the United States is at war, shall willfully . . . utter, print, write, or publish any disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusive language about the form of government of the United States . . . shall be punished by a fine of not more than $10,000 or imprisonment for not more than twenty years, or both. . . . —Espionage Act, May 1918 —————————————————— This law demonstrates that at one time the federal government was willing to —
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suspend freedom of speech
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THEY WOULD CLOSE TO THE NEW-COMER THE BRIDGE THAT CARRIED THEM AND THEIR FATHERS OVER —————————————- Which group of people most likely inspired the creation of this 1893 statement
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Nativists
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The policy objectives of Reaganomics were based on the theory that —
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broad tax cuts and financial deregulation would promote economic expansion
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Which of the following has resulted from the increased use of computers in the workplace?
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Employees are required to sign Internet-usage agreements.
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Last Thursday I described the American form of Government as a three horse team provided by the Constitution to the American people so that their field might be plowed. The three horses are, of course, the three branches of government—the Congress, the Executive and the Courts. Two of the horses are pulling in unison today; the third is not. —President Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1937 —————————————————— Many members of Congress disagreed with President Roosevelt’s proposed solution to the problem described above because —
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the power of the executive branch would increase
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PENT-UP CONSUMER DEMAND —- COLD WAR MILITARY SPENDING —- NEW INDUSTRIES —- HOUSING —- FEDERAL HIGHWAY CONSTRUCTION
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Causes and Effects of Economic Prosperity in the 1950s
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General John J. Pershing made a major contribution to the Allied victory in World War I
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A transforming inexperienced troops into an effective military force
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Selected Foreign-Born Populations in Florida, 1900 Country of Birth Population China 118 Cuba 6,744 Denmark 204 Canada 1,199 Total Foreign-Born in Florida 23,832 ———– This table supports the conclusion that in 1900
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geographic proximity to native countries influenced immigration patterns
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A student learning about U.S. history is instructed to write a paper about W. E. B. Du Bois and race relations in the United States. Which of the following facts would be most relevant to the student’s assignment?
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The NAACP was organized to help secure full legal equality for minority citizens.
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Japanese Forces Occupy Bataan Peninsula ———————————————– Many of the U.S. soldiers involved in the event mentioned in this headline
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died during a forced march to a prison camp in the Philippines
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The conflict is still sharpening throughout the world between two political systems. The one system represents government by freedom of choice exercised by the individual citizens. In the other, and opposing system, individual freedom and initiative are all made subordinate to the totalitarian state. —President Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1938 —————————————————– What was the ultimate result of the situation President Roosevelt refers to in this excerpt?
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The outbreak of World War II
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The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex. . . . — 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution ————————————————– What was one way the constitutional amendment excerpted above helped advance the cause of gender equality?
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It gave women a greater opportunity to influence government.
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Which of the following was the main reason for the rapid settlement of the Great Plains during the late 1800s?
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Congress passed a law allowing people to claim public land and convert it to private property through homesteading.
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During the 1950s the federal government funded educational initiatives in math and science in response to
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the successful launch of the first artificial satellite
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How did the Zimmermann telegram influence U.S. entry into World War I?
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It revealed a proposed military alliance between Mexico and Germany.
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Which headline describes an event that resulted from the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001? \”Israeli-Palestinian Negotiations Resume\” \”Debt Crisis Shakes European Union\” \”Russia Increases Petroleum Exports\” \”Troops Deployed to Afghanistan\”
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\”Troops Deployed to Afghanistan\”

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