Law Of The Sea Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Law Of The Sea?
The Law of the Sea is an international agreement which governs the rights and responsibilities of nations with respect to their use of the world’s oceans. It establishes guidelines for businesses, environmental protection, and the management of marine natural resources. The Law of the Sea was first developed in 1982 by the United Nations (UN) Convention on the Law of the Sea, but has been amended several times since then.The main purpose of this convention is to ensure that all countries have access to navigable waters while also protecting coastal countries from exploitation. This document sets out a series of principles which must be followed when it comes to managing marine resources and activities occurring within them. These include: freedom of navigation, right of innocent passage through territorial waters; delimitation between states over parts or entire maritime boundaries; conservation and management measures for living resources such as fish stocks; establishment and recognition of Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ); protection against pollution from vessels; control over seabed mining activities; equitable sharing in utilization benefits derived from ocean resources beyond national jurisdiction; compensation for damages caused by marine pollution; dispute settlement procedures; regulation concerning sunken warships, aircraft carriers, and other underwater cultural heritage sites. Additionally, there are provisions regarding scientific research in Antarctica as well as provisions regarding piracy.Overall, the Law Of The Sea serves as an important framework for governing how countries interact with one another in regards to their use and development around water bodies worldwide. By providing a system that maintains order while granting autonomy when needed, it ensures that all parties involved can benefit mutually without compromising each others’ interests or sovereignty over certain areas international law recognizes as theirs alone. With rising concerns about climate change related issues such as sea level rise or changes in ocean circulation patterns due to global warming having these regulations firmly established provides much needed stability during uncertain times allowing us all to enjoy our treasured coasts safely into future generations.