Axillary Lymph Node Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Axillary Lymph Node?
An axillary lymph node dissection is an important procedure to diagnose and treat certain types of cancer. During this surgery, the surgeon removes a number of axillary lymph nodes located near the armpit region. These lymph nodes are examined for any signs of cancer spread or metastasis.The purpose of an axillary lymph node dissection is to determine if cancer cells have spread from the breast to other parts of the body such as the surrounding tissue, chest wall, or other organs. This information can help doctors make decisions about further treatment options such as radiation therapy or chemotherapy. In some cases, an axillary lymph node dissection may be done in conjunction with a mastectomy (surgical removal of all or part of the breast) or lumpectomy (removal of only part of the breast). It’s also possible that after a lumpectomy has been completed, surgeons will recommend additional sampling from nearby nodes during an axillary lymph node dissection in order to assess whether there is evidence for disease widespread beyond just one area within the breast itself. During this procedure, general anesthesia will be administered before incisions are made around your armpit area and several levels of tissue will then be removed and sent for pathological examination in order to gain more information about what type(s)of cancer cells might be present and where they have traveled throughout your body information which could potentially affect how you proceed with further treatments like radiation therapy or chemotherapy following surgery. Axillary lymph node dissections are generally safe procedures with minimal side effects; however some potential complications include infection at the surgical site, bleeding during surgery, nerve damage resulting in numbness/tingling sensations near incision areas along arms/shoulders/backside regions due swelling caused by fluid buildup post-surgery among others. Postoperative care typically involves dressing changes every two days while wounds heal over time during this period it’s important not to overexert yourself physically so as not interfere with healing progress before returning back home.