Autism Spectrum Disorder Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Autism Spectrum Disorder?
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurological disorder that affects communication, social interaction and behavior. ASD occurs in all racial, ethnic and socioeconomic groups and is four times more common in boys than girls. Symptoms of ASD can range from mild to severe and usually appear during the first three years of life.People with ASD may have difficulty understanding social cues such as facial expressions or body language, difficulty using language effectively or difficulty interacting with others. They may also exhibit repetitive behaviors such as hand flapping, rocking back and forth or spinning objects. People with ASD may also experience sensory sensitivities to sound, light, touch or smell.There is no known single cause for ASD but research suggests that both genetic and environmental factors might play a role in its development. Early diagnosis and intervention are essential to maximizing the potential of an individual living with ASD. Treatment plans often include behavioral therapy to help individuals learn appropriate social skills; speech-language therapy to address communication deficits; occupational therapy to improve fine motor coordination; educational interventions that focus on teaching academic skills such as reading; as well as medications to target specific symptoms associated with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Research has demonstrated that early identification followed by consistent intervention can improve outcomes for those affected by Autism Spectrum Disorder significantly1 In conclusion, Autism Spectrum Disorder requires supportive interventions tailored for each individual’s strengths which are important for helping them reach their full potential despite their challenges associated with this condition .