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SPED Final Test Answers

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What is not considered an emotional disorder?
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Down syndrome
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Students with an emotional and behavioral disorder frequently encounter
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isolation
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Dimensions of behavior assessed when interpreting the occurrence of a behavioral disorder
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frequency, age appropriateness, duration
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Having periods of life characterized by conflict, crisis, depression and stress are common for
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children, adolescents, and adults
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The acceptance of a majority of behaviors
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vary across cultures
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What is NOT a characteristic listed in the fed. definition of an emotional disturbance
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Involvement in the juvenile justice system
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By identifying the_______ a problem behavior, a preventative approach to intervention can be implemented
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antecedent to
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Students with an emotional and behavioral disorders are __________ in the United States
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under-identified
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Students with an emotional or behavioral disorder typically exhibit problems across __________ dimensions
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two or more
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________ disorders are less likely to be identified but the student’s teachers and families
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Internalizing
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What percentage of individuals with autism spectrum disorders is considered to be “autistic savants”
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10
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Which pervasive developmental disorder occurs only in females
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Rett’s disorder
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What treatment is validated by research
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Picture exchange communication system
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What does autistic mean
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to escape from reality
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What researcher used applied behavior analysis to treat children with autism
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Ivar Lovaas
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The parroting of the speech of others is referred to as
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echolalia
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Research on intervention for young children with autism indicates substantial support for the use of
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behavioral treatment
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What is not a characteristic of the TEACCH intervention model
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visually structured activities
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A characteristic of assessment for students with autism
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a focus on measures of cognitive functioning
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An emphasis on developing ___________ and appropriate social skills is characteristic of most approaches to autism
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functional communication abilities
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The component of language that deals with rules of putting words together to form phrases and sentences is called
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syntax
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I hur my han when I wan into the fence
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substitution and omission
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By kindergarten most children have a vocabulary of how many words
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2000
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A child who can tell their first name, hold up finders to indicate age, answer where questions and use short sentences is a typically developing
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2 year old
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Ariel approaches another group of children who are talking about the baseball game. She stands very close to the children, gets close to their faces and says “I have two cats at my house.” The children acknowledge her, back away a bit, and continue the conversation about the ballgame. Ariel interrupts again, moves closer to the children and says, “My Siamese cat and my Persian cat belong to me, not my brother.” In what component of language does Ariel most likely have a deficit?
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Pragmatics
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If a child’s screening assessment determines that there is a possibility of a communication disability, the next step in the assessment process is to
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make a referral
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Most students with speech an language impairments are served in
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general education classrooms
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Students with expressive language problems may have difficulty
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producing age appropriate vocabulary
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___________ is the exchange of ideas, information, thoughts, and feelings
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communication
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Phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics are components of
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language
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Universal hearing screening for newborns is important because hearing loss
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is the most common congenital disorder in newborns
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American sign language
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has a unique syntax system
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The academic area most negatively affected by a hearing impairment is
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reading
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Under ______________, colleges and universities are required to provide qualified sign language interpreters and other auxiliary aids needed to ensure effective communication opportunities for the deaf and hard of hearing student population
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Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
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All of the following are disorders associated with hearing loss in children
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aphasia
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Many times, the audiologist, social worker, speech-language pathologist, and special education teacher assist the __________ in gathering the information needed to make the initial educational placement and communication training decisions.
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family
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What is currently viewed as the optimal age for cochlear implants
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10-15 months
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An individuals language and speech skills are developed and refined by
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observation, imitation, and listening but NOT pictures
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Combines a number of sensory modalities with manual and oral communication
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total communication
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Some causes of hearing loss include
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environmental or trauma, infections, genetic or hereditary
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An appropriate learning medium for students with visual impairments is determined by
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the student’s type or degree of impairment
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Socially appropriate behaviors must be taught to persons with visual impairments because
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they may not be able to observe those behaviors in others
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Where are most students with visual impairment likely to be served
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among typically developing peers
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An early sign of a visual impairment may be
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an infant’s failure to turn his head towards adults when they are talking
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Braille symbols consist of _____ possible dots arranged in two columns
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6
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A difference between individuals labeled as being functionally blind and blind is
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the use of low vision to gain information from the environment
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Most critical to the quality of literacy experiences for students impairments is
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access to technology
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Typical characteristics of individuals with visual impairments
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unusual head or eye movements, poor grades, frequent headaches NOT cognitive disability
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Age appropriate cognitive skills that need to be integrated and taught to young children with visual impairments
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Fine motor sills, gross motor skills, receptive language, NOT musical skills
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Visual acuity test most often used is called
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snellen chart
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Disabilities that occur infrequently in the population
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low-incidence disabilities
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In order for a student with physical or health disabilities to qualify for special education services their disability must
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interfere with their educational performance
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Under federal definition a student would be identified as having multiple disabilities
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when a student has two or more disabilities whose combined effects cannot be accommodated in a program for one of the disabilities
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STORCH serves as a memory aid for what
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Prenatal infections that if acquired by the mother may adversely affect the fetus
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A 16-year-old student with traumatic brain injury is asked to count 20 pennies and tell the number of pennies on the table. After numerous attempts she is unable to accurately count the pennies. This same student is asked to recall multiplication facts and is able to do so with no errors. Which of the following is the most accurate statement about this student?
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She has splinter skills
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Mrs. Jung has Marquis, a student with traumatic brain injury, in her classroom. Marquis is demonstrating impulsive responding in the class. What is the most appropriate strategy for Mrs. Jung to use with Marquis to help decrease his impulsivity?
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Tell Marquis to sit and think before he answers
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Examples of functional effects of a disability
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Sensory loss, fatigue and lack of endurance, processing issues NOT motivation
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A child diagnosed with a serious heart, circulatory and lung condition, severely impacting his education, would fall under which category, for special education considerations?
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Other health impairment
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Most students with multiple disabilities are educated in a
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separate classroom
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reasons why these categories, of exceptionality, are so diverse
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because of the wide range of diseases and disorders
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Many states have adopted the six categories outlined in the first national report on gifted education except for
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psychoromoter
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The term used to describe a curriculum that enables gifted students to work at more complex levels that would not be appealing to all students is
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defferential education
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A secondary school with a particular focus such as science, math or performing arts can be identified as a
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magnet high school
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Cluster grouping and pull-out homogeneous clusters, are what type of strategy for addressing the needs of advanced learners
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grouping
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What is not considered best practice in screening for students who are gifted and talented
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Schools should choose one method of assessment and adhere to that method for each child
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One part of the assessment process for gifted and talented children that is different from other exceptionalities is
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the referral arises because of the students’ strengths rather than weaknesses
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Differentiated programming involves
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providing instruction that allows the gifted student to advance as far as possible, providing instruction that allows a slow learner to achieve mastery of the curriculum, having high expectations for all students
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Understanding intelligence as the g factor, or general intelligence, is based on the belief that intelligence is
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a unitary trait
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With a variety of theories on multiple intelligences, why might the field be reluctant to let go of the traditional IQ testing
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Scores from an IQ test offer standardized information on a student’s strengths and weaknesses
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One problem with the proficiency standards established by the No Child Left Behind Act, with regards to gifted and talented children, is
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the established proficiency levels can be limiting to gifted and talented students