SPED Final Test Answers – Flashcards

question
What is not considered an emotional disorder?
answer
Down syndrome
question
Students with an emotional and behavioral disorder frequently encounter
answer
isolation
question
Dimensions of behavior assessed when interpreting the occurrence of a behavioral disorder
answer
frequency, age appropriateness, duration
question
Having periods of life characterized by conflict, crisis, depression and stress are common for
answer
children, adolescents, and adults
question
The acceptance of a majority of behaviors
answer
vary across cultures
question
What is NOT a characteristic listed in the fed. definition of an emotional disturbance
answer
Involvement in the juvenile justice system
question
By identifying the_______ a problem behavior, a preventative approach to intervention can be implemented
answer
antecedent to
question
Students with an emotional and behavioral disorders are __________ in the United States
answer
under-identified
question
Students with an emotional or behavioral disorder typically exhibit problems across __________ dimensions
answer
two or more
question
________ disorders are less likely to be identified but the student's teachers and families
answer
Internalizing
question
What percentage of individuals with autism spectrum disorders is considered to be "autistic savants"
answer
10
question
Which pervasive developmental disorder occurs only in females
answer
Rett's disorder
question
What treatment is validated by research
answer
Picture exchange communication system
question
What does autistic mean
answer
to escape from reality
question
What researcher used applied behavior analysis to treat children with autism
answer
Ivar Lovaas
question
The parroting of the speech of others is referred to as
answer
echolalia
question
Research on intervention for young children with autism indicates substantial support for the use of
answer
behavioral treatment
question
What is not a characteristic of the TEACCH intervention model
answer
visually structured activities
question
A characteristic of assessment for students with autism
answer
a focus on measures of cognitive functioning
question
An emphasis on developing ___________ and appropriate social skills is characteristic of most approaches to autism
answer
functional communication abilities
question
The component of language that deals with rules of putting words together to form phrases and sentences is called
answer
syntax
question
I hur my han when I wan into the fence
answer
substitution and omission
question
By kindergarten most children have a vocabulary of how many words
answer
2000
question
A child who can tell their first name, hold up finders to indicate age, answer where questions and use short sentences is a typically developing
answer
2 year old
question
Ariel approaches another group of children who are talking about the baseball game. She stands very close to the children, gets close to their faces and says "I have two cats at my house." The children acknowledge her, back away a bit, and continue the conversation about the ballgame. Ariel interrupts again, moves closer to the children and says, "My Siamese cat and my Persian cat belong to me, not my brother." In what component of language does Ariel most likely have a deficit?
answer
Pragmatics
question
If a child's screening assessment determines that there is a possibility of a communication disability, the next step in the assessment process is to
answer
make a referral
question
Most students with speech an language impairments are served in
answer
general education classrooms
question
Students with expressive language problems may have difficulty
answer
producing age appropriate vocabulary
question
___________ is the exchange of ideas, information, thoughts, and feelings
answer
communication
question
Phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics are components of
answer
language
question
Universal hearing screening for newborns is important because hearing loss
answer
is the most common congenital disorder in newborns
question
American sign language
answer
has a unique syntax system
question
The academic area most negatively affected by a hearing impairment is
answer
reading
question
Under ______________, colleges and universities are required to provide qualified sign language interpreters and other auxiliary aids needed to ensure effective communication opportunities for the deaf and hard of hearing student population
answer
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
question
All of the following are disorders associated with hearing loss in children
answer
aphasia
question
Many times, the audiologist, social worker, speech-language pathologist, and special education teacher assist the __________ in gathering the information needed to make the initial educational placement and communication training decisions.
answer
family
question
What is currently viewed as the optimal age for cochlear implants
answer
10-15 months
question
An individuals language and speech skills are developed and refined by
answer
observation, imitation, and listening but NOT pictures
question
Combines a number of sensory modalities with manual and oral communication
answer
total communication
question
Some causes of hearing loss include
answer
environmental or trauma, infections, genetic or hereditary
question
An appropriate learning medium for students with visual impairments is determined by
answer
the student's type or degree of impairment
question
Socially appropriate behaviors must be taught to persons with visual impairments because
answer
they may not be able to observe those behaviors in others
question
Where are most students with visual impairment likely to be served
answer
among typically developing peers
question
An early sign of a visual impairment may be
answer
an infant's failure to turn his head towards adults when they are talking
question
Braille symbols consist of _____ possible dots arranged in two columns
answer
6
question
A difference between individuals labeled as being functionally blind and blind is
answer
the use of low vision to gain information from the environment
question
Most critical to the quality of literacy experiences for students impairments is
answer
access to technology
question
Typical characteristics of individuals with visual impairments
answer
unusual head or eye movements, poor grades, frequent headaches NOT cognitive disability
question
Age appropriate cognitive skills that need to be integrated and taught to young children with visual impairments
answer
Fine motor sills, gross motor skills, receptive language, NOT musical skills
question
Visual acuity test most often used is called
answer
snellen chart
question
Disabilities that occur infrequently in the population
answer
low-incidence disabilities
question
In order for a student with physical or health disabilities to qualify for special education services their disability must
answer
interfere with their educational performance
question
Under federal definition a student would be identified as having multiple disabilities
answer
when a student has two or more disabilities whose combined effects cannot be accommodated in a program for one of the disabilities
question
STORCH serves as a memory aid for what
answer
Prenatal infections that if acquired by the mother may adversely affect the fetus
question
A 16-year-old student with traumatic brain injury is asked to count 20 pennies and tell the number of pennies on the table. After numerous attempts she is unable to accurately count the pennies. This same student is asked to recall multiplication facts and is able to do so with no errors. Which of the following is the most accurate statement about this student?
answer
She has splinter skills
question
Mrs. Jung has Marquis, a student with traumatic brain injury, in her classroom. Marquis is demonstrating impulsive responding in the class. What is the most appropriate strategy for Mrs. Jung to use with Marquis to help decrease his impulsivity?
answer
Tell Marquis to sit and think before he answers
question
Examples of functional effects of a disability
answer
Sensory loss, fatigue and lack of endurance, processing issues NOT motivation
question
A child diagnosed with a serious heart, circulatory and lung condition, severely impacting his education, would fall under which category, for special education considerations?
answer
Other health impairment
question
Most students with multiple disabilities are educated in a
answer
separate classroom
question
reasons why these categories, of exceptionality, are so diverse
answer
because of the wide range of diseases and disorders
question
Many states have adopted the six categories outlined in the first national report on gifted education except for
answer
psychoromoter
question
The term used to describe a curriculum that enables gifted students to work at more complex levels that would not be appealing to all students is
answer
defferential education
question
A secondary school with a particular focus such as science, math or performing arts can be identified as a
answer
magnet high school
question
Cluster grouping and pull-out homogeneous clusters, are what type of strategy for addressing the needs of advanced learners
answer
grouping
question
What is not considered best practice in screening for students who are gifted and talented
answer
Schools should choose one method of assessment and adhere to that method for each child
question
One part of the assessment process for gifted and talented children that is different from other exceptionalities is
answer
the referral arises because of the students' strengths rather than weaknesses
question
Differentiated programming involves
answer
providing instruction that allows the gifted student to advance as far as possible, providing instruction that allows a slow learner to achieve mastery of the curriculum, having high expectations for all students
question
Understanding intelligence as the g factor, or general intelligence, is based on the belief that intelligence is
answer
a unitary trait
question
With a variety of theories on multiple intelligences, why might the field be reluctant to let go of the traditional IQ testing
answer
Scores from an IQ test offer standardized information on a student's strengths and weaknesses
question
One problem with the proficiency standards established by the No Child Left Behind Act, with regards to gifted and talented children, is
answer
the established proficiency levels can be limiting to gifted and talented students
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question
What is not considered an emotional disorder?
answer
Down syndrome
question
Students with an emotional and behavioral disorder frequently encounter
answer
isolation
question
Dimensions of behavior assessed when interpreting the occurrence of a behavioral disorder
answer
frequency, age appropriateness, duration
question
Having periods of life characterized by conflict, crisis, depression and stress are common for
answer
children, adolescents, and adults
question
The acceptance of a majority of behaviors
answer
vary across cultures
question
What is NOT a characteristic listed in the fed. definition of an emotional disturbance
answer
Involvement in the juvenile justice system
question
By identifying the_______ a problem behavior, a preventative approach to intervention can be implemented
answer
antecedent to
question
Students with an emotional and behavioral disorders are __________ in the United States
answer
under-identified
question
Students with an emotional or behavioral disorder typically exhibit problems across __________ dimensions
answer
two or more
question
________ disorders are less likely to be identified but the student's teachers and families
answer
Internalizing
question
What percentage of individuals with autism spectrum disorders is considered to be "autistic savants"
answer
10
question
Which pervasive developmental disorder occurs only in females
answer
Rett's disorder
question
What treatment is validated by research
answer
Picture exchange communication system
question
What does autistic mean
answer
to escape from reality
question
What researcher used applied behavior analysis to treat children with autism
answer
Ivar Lovaas
question
The parroting of the speech of others is referred to as
answer
echolalia
question
Research on intervention for young children with autism indicates substantial support for the use of
answer
behavioral treatment
question
What is not a characteristic of the TEACCH intervention model
answer
visually structured activities
question
A characteristic of assessment for students with autism
answer
a focus on measures of cognitive functioning
question
An emphasis on developing ___________ and appropriate social skills is characteristic of most approaches to autism
answer
functional communication abilities
question
The component of language that deals with rules of putting words together to form phrases and sentences is called
answer
syntax
question
I hur my han when I wan into the fence
answer
substitution and omission
question
By kindergarten most children have a vocabulary of how many words
answer
2000
question
A child who can tell their first name, hold up finders to indicate age, answer where questions and use short sentences is a typically developing
answer
2 year old
question
Ariel approaches another group of children who are talking about the baseball game. She stands very close to the children, gets close to their faces and says "I have two cats at my house." The children acknowledge her, back away a bit, and continue the conversation about the ballgame. Ariel interrupts again, moves closer to the children and says, "My Siamese cat and my Persian cat belong to me, not my brother." In what component of language does Ariel most likely have a deficit?
answer
Pragmatics
question
If a child's screening assessment determines that there is a possibility of a communication disability, the next step in the assessment process is to
answer
make a referral
question
Most students with speech an language impairments are served in
answer
general education classrooms
question
Students with expressive language problems may have difficulty
answer
producing age appropriate vocabulary
question
___________ is the exchange of ideas, information, thoughts, and feelings
answer
communication
question
Phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics are components of
answer
language
question
Universal hearing screening for newborns is important because hearing loss
answer
is the most common congenital disorder in newborns
question
American sign language
answer
has a unique syntax system
question
The academic area most negatively affected by a hearing impairment is
answer
reading
question
Under ______________, colleges and universities are required to provide qualified sign language interpreters and other auxiliary aids needed to ensure effective communication opportunities for the deaf and hard of hearing student population
answer
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
question
All of the following are disorders associated with hearing loss in children
answer
aphasia
question
Many times, the audiologist, social worker, speech-language pathologist, and special education teacher assist the __________ in gathering the information needed to make the initial educational placement and communication training decisions.
answer
family
question
What is currently viewed as the optimal age for cochlear implants
answer
10-15 months
question
An individuals language and speech skills are developed and refined by
answer
observation, imitation, and listening but NOT pictures
question
Combines a number of sensory modalities with manual and oral communication
answer
total communication
question
Some causes of hearing loss include
answer
environmental or trauma, infections, genetic or hereditary
question
An appropriate learning medium for students with visual impairments is determined by
answer
the student's type or degree of impairment
question
Socially appropriate behaviors must be taught to persons with visual impairments because
answer
they may not be able to observe those behaviors in others
question
Where are most students with visual impairment likely to be served
answer
among typically developing peers
question
An early sign of a visual impairment may be
answer
an infant's failure to turn his head towards adults when they are talking
question
Braille symbols consist of _____ possible dots arranged in two columns
answer
6
question
A difference between individuals labeled as being functionally blind and blind is
answer
the use of low vision to gain information from the environment
question
Most critical to the quality of literacy experiences for students impairments is
answer
access to technology
question
Typical characteristics of individuals with visual impairments
answer
unusual head or eye movements, poor grades, frequent headaches NOT cognitive disability
question
Age appropriate cognitive skills that need to be integrated and taught to young children with visual impairments
answer
Fine motor sills, gross motor skills, receptive language, NOT musical skills
question
Visual acuity test most often used is called
answer
snellen chart
question
Disabilities that occur infrequently in the population
answer
low-incidence disabilities
question
In order for a student with physical or health disabilities to qualify for special education services their disability must
answer
interfere with their educational performance
question
Under federal definition a student would be identified as having multiple disabilities
answer
when a student has two or more disabilities whose combined effects cannot be accommodated in a program for one of the disabilities
question
STORCH serves as a memory aid for what
answer
Prenatal infections that if acquired by the mother may adversely affect the fetus
question
A 16-year-old student with traumatic brain injury is asked to count 20 pennies and tell the number of pennies on the table. After numerous attempts she is unable to accurately count the pennies. This same student is asked to recall multiplication facts and is able to do so with no errors. Which of the following is the most accurate statement about this student?
answer
She has splinter skills
question
Mrs. Jung has Marquis, a student with traumatic brain injury, in her classroom. Marquis is demonstrating impulsive responding in the class. What is the most appropriate strategy for Mrs. Jung to use with Marquis to help decrease his impulsivity?
answer
Tell Marquis to sit and think before he answers
question
Examples of functional effects of a disability
answer
Sensory loss, fatigue and lack of endurance, processing issues NOT motivation
question
A child diagnosed with a serious heart, circulatory and lung condition, severely impacting his education, would fall under which category, for special education considerations?
answer
Other health impairment
question
Most students with multiple disabilities are educated in a
answer
separate classroom
question
reasons why these categories, of exceptionality, are so diverse
answer
because of the wide range of diseases and disorders
question
Many states have adopted the six categories outlined in the first national report on gifted education except for
answer
psychoromoter
question
The term used to describe a curriculum that enables gifted students to work at more complex levels that would not be appealing to all students is
answer
defferential education
question
A secondary school with a particular focus such as science, math or performing arts can be identified as a
answer
magnet high school
question
Cluster grouping and pull-out homogeneous clusters, are what type of strategy for addressing the needs of advanced learners
answer
grouping
question
What is not considered best practice in screening for students who are gifted and talented
answer
Schools should choose one method of assessment and adhere to that method for each child
question
One part of the assessment process for gifted and talented children that is different from other exceptionalities is
answer
the referral arises because of the students' strengths rather than weaknesses
question
Differentiated programming involves
answer
providing instruction that allows the gifted student to advance as far as possible, providing instruction that allows a slow learner to achieve mastery of the curriculum, having high expectations for all students
question
Understanding intelligence as the g factor, or general intelligence, is based on the belief that intelligence is
answer
a unitary trait
question
With a variety of theories on multiple intelligences, why might the field be reluctant to let go of the traditional IQ testing
answer
Scores from an IQ test offer standardized information on a student's strengths and weaknesses
question
One problem with the proficiency standards established by the No Child Left Behind Act, with regards to gifted and talented children, is
answer
the established proficiency levels can be limiting to gifted and talented students