1950s And 1960s Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is 1950s And 1960s?
The 1950s and 1960s were a time of great change in many aspects of life. The most prominent changes included the civil rights movement, the Cold War, and social progress. These two decades saw a shift from traditional values to modern ones, as well as an increase in international relations.In terms of civil rights, the 1950s and 1960s marked an important period in American history. African Americans had long been fighting for equality since before the Civil War; however, it was during this era that they finally began to gain traction with their cause. This included legal victories such as Brown v Board of Education (1954) which declared segregation unconstitutional in public schools, and the passage of the 1964 Civil Rights Act which made discrimination illegal in employment and housing practices. These developments helped pave the way for further successes throughout subsequent decades.The Cold War was another major event that took place during these two decades. This conflict between democratic countries led by the United States and communist nations led by Russia created tension around the world as both sides battled for power through nuclear proliferation and espionage tactics. Although no direct combat occurred between them, proxy wars were fought during this time in regions like Korea (1950-53), Vietnam (1955-75), Cuba (1959-60) and Berlin (1961). Despite its intensity at times, ultimately this prolonged period of hostility ended peacefully with both sides agreeing to peaceful coexistence agreements in 1975 thus allowing for increased economic cooperation between East & West during later years like Gorbachev’s Glasnost era (1985-91).Finally social progress was also made throughout these two decades thanks to advances such as feminism, environmentalism, gay rights movements etc For example women achieved greater equality under law when Title VII passed into law banning discrimination based on gender or race within businesses or organizations that employ 15 or more people & when Betty Friedan wrote her book The Feminine Mystique which prompted a nationwide dialogue about women’s roles within society & how they should be respected & empowered just like men are. Similarly LGBT+ individuals gained visibility when organizations such as Stonewall formed & advocated on their behalf while also challenging previously held stereoptypes around sexuality/gender identity etc Additionally environmentalists pushed forward with initiatives like Earth Day helping to raise awareness about our planet’s fragile state & inspiring millions to act on behalf of it so that future generations would have access too clean air/water/land etc