Seven Dimensions Of Religion Theology Religion
The World Religions by Ninian Smart was foremost published on August 1st 1998 by Cambridge University Press. This book includes six distinguishable countries of geographic expedition between the universe ‘s major faiths. The book was written to depict the differences between these faiths, such as their history, formation, rites and their cultural patterns, puting them in all in one context. Quite shortly after the first book was published on August 1st 1998, the 2nd edition was published which included another distinguishable country of geographic expedition – the material dimension. This latest dimension added a new manner of looking at the universe ‘s major faiths in their artistic signifier, such as pictures, theoretical accounts or sculptures.
The three dimensions I have chosen to compare and contrast between Christianity and Islam are: the ethical and legal dimension, the societal and institutional dimension and the experiential and emotional dimension. The ethical and legal dimension is the Torahs or regulations a spiritual community follows to accomplish enlightenment or fulfillment of their life. The societal and institutional dimension is an order that a spiritual community follows to demo their interactions with their faith. The experiential and emotional dimension is when people react emotionally when they encounter something that they find to be profound to their faith.
Christianity and Islam may be two different faiths, but if we consider Ninian Smart ‘s Seven Dimensions of Religion, there are some similarities and besides a few differences. In both of these faiths there is a codification of moralss that people must follow.
Christian religion has the Ten Commandments and Islam has many different ethical motives and Torahs stated in the Quran that a Muslim should follow, though the most of import of these are the Five Pillars of Islam. The Five Pillars of Islam are indispensable for a Muslim to accomplish to populate a good and responsible life. There is besides the Sharia Law in Islam ; which dictates the manner most Muslims live. ‘Reliance of the Traveller ‘ is an English translated book of the Sharia Law by Nuh Ha Mim Keller. It states eleven different classs of the Sharia Law: purification, supplication, funeral supplication, revenue enhancements, fasting, pilgrim’s journey, trade, heritage, matrimony, divorce and justness. ( See hypertext transfer protocol: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sharia # Definitions_and_descriptions: Last Updated 28th February 2013. )
Another portion of Sharia jurisprudence that is still used today, is Hudud offenses. These are penalties for perpetrating serious offenses. These offenses are: improper sexual intercourse, false accusal of improper sexual intercourse, vino imbibing, larceny, and highway robbery. These offenses can ensue in: whipping, executing, lapidating, amputation or expatriate. All these penalties are done in a public country. ( See hypertext transfer protocol: //www.cfr.org/religion/islam-governing-under-sharia/p8034 by Toni Johnson, and Lauren Vriens. Last updated January 9, 2013. )
The Islamic Law ( Sharia ) and the Ten Commandments are different as Islam has many more Torahs than Christianity and are besides stricter. Christianity focuses chiefly on the day-to-day life of a Christian, and the Ten Commandments learn a Christian how non to transgress against their will. Similarities show that neither faith should perpetrate criminal conversation or slaying. In add-on, there is merely one God, one can non do an graven image above God and one should non steal.
There are many ways that a Christian and a Muslim show their religion in their God. Largely traveling to Church or a Mosque is really of import if you want to demo your religion in your God, but there is one of import event both in Christianity and Islam that can demo a individual ‘s religion. These events are: Ramadan and Easter. In both Easter and Ramadan, Christians and Muslims have to fast, though they fast in different and yet similar ways. Christians fast for 40 yearss and Muslims fast for a month. The thought of fasting in the Christian point of position is that you sacrifice something that you would name a luxury, such as take away nutrient or watching Television or anything that you would happen hard to make without for that period of clip. In the Muslim point of position, fasting is used to learn selflessness and it besides shows you how the hapless and destitute live.
The large difference between Easter and Ramadan is that Easter reminds Christians of Jesus ‘s life, where Ash Wednesday represents the start of Lent, a clip where Jesus spent 40 yearss and 40 darks in the desert defying Satan ‘s enticement. Then comes Palm Sunday, the twenty-four hours when Jesus arrives in Jerusalem and crowds throw thenar subdivisions on the route. The Last Supper follows on Maundy Thursday and the Crucifixion of Jesus comes a twenty-four hours after, Good Friday. Finally three yearss subsequently, on Easter Sunday, Jesus resurrects and appears in forepart of his adherents.
Though Ramadan is simple to understand, where all Muslims seek to re-focus with their faith, sublimate their psyche and beef up their relationships with their household members. This clip is besides used to reflect on their past life, to clear themselves of any incorrect making and to halt bad wonts. The last twenty-four hours of Ramadan is called Eid ul Fitr where people celebrate and thank Allah for His strength to assist them. In making so, Muslims besides are required to give a set sum of money to charity so that the hapless and destitute can be happy excessively.
There could be many different emotional or experiential minutes in a Christian ‘s life, but there is besides one chief minute in a Muslims life that affects them emotionally. Experiential minutes could be sing a miracle in forepart of their eyes in a Christian ‘s life, or it could be go toing the Hajj in a Muslims life.
The Hajj is a pilgrim’s journey to Mecca in Saudi Arabia in which an act of solidarity and ultimate worship is performed to their God. This occurs between the 8th to the 12th of Dhu al-Hijjah ( 12th month on the Islamic calendar ) . The Hajj is attended by Muslims worldwide as it is one of the Five Pillars of Islam and must be attended at least one time in the life of a Muslims.
Another experiential minute is World Youth Day in a Christian ‘s life. World Youth Day is held every two to three old ages in a different state every clip. The last World Youth Day was held in Madrid, Spain in 2011. World Youth Day is for all ages but chiefly for people between the ages of 16 and 35. This is to promote the younger coevals to turn and understand the religion and life of Jesus Christ. Pilgrims use this clip to reflect on their lives but largely on the life of Jesus Christ and see what He felt when He followed the way that was set out for Him.
Similarly World Youth Day and the Hajj both have in common experience and emotion, as both faiths do this in honor and worship of their God. The lone difference is that they are different faiths and that they honour their God in different ways. Another similarity is that both these experiences are attended by pilgrims who seek to happen out more about their faith.
While utilizing Ninian Smart ‘s Seven Dimensions of Religion to compare and contrast Christianity and Islam, I found that there are many good utilizations for this but there are bounds to the countries of faith that you can sometimes lose.
The chief ground for utilizing Ninian Smart ‘s theoretical account is to detect the similarities and differences between faiths in which his theoretical account allows you to decode a faith between other faiths and happen how they could be likewise or non likewise. The chief country that most faiths have in common is a pilgrim’s journey, where pilgrims travel away to a important topographic point to honor and idolize their God. The chief difference is the manner they use their Torahs, such as Christians say if you commit adultery you sin against God, but in Islam if you commit adultery you could be executed or stoned. The fact is that in Christianity even the most dangerous wickednesss can be confessed in the sacrament of confession, but in Islam the terrible penalty for offenses committed could be considered as slaying.
An country that has a bound is the ethical and legal dimension. In comparing to Christianity and Islam, Islam has many more Torahs, ethical motives and regulations than the Ten Commandments in Christianity. You ca n’t compare something when there is merely so small to compare about between the two faiths. It would be like stating Islam ‘s moralss and legal system is wholly different to Christianity, which it is, but the fact is that it is n’t possible to compare.
Another country that has restrictions is the narrative and fabulous dimension. The ground that this dimension is limited is because they can be immensely different. If you compared the narratives of Jesus Christ to The Budda they would be greatly different because they were founded at different times and topographic points. Buddhism and Christianity besides have different narratives about how they began and different myths and fables about their faith.
One dimension that you could easy compare and contrast about is the material dimension. The material dimension allows you to look at the different graphics, sculptures and edifices created by the followings of that faith. Though the graphicss, sculptures and edifices may be wholly different, their significance is the same that they honour and worship their God. They all signify something about their God, or a particular twenty-four hours in a twelvemonth, or a particular individual, but in all faiths they largely will honor that individual, twenty-four hours or God.
Finally, the theoretical account of Ninian Smart ‘s Seven Dimensions of Religion is a utile tool that anyone can utilize to estimate similarities or differences about two faiths. It can besides learn you a batch about both faiths if you research good.
In decision Christianity and Islam are different in many ways, but they besides have a few things in common. The usage of Ninian Smart ‘s Seven Dimensions of Religion is a utile manner to compare and belie different faith, whether they are major or little faiths.