Identify factors that contribute to the equality of individuals in society
Ethnicity – belonging to a group that shares the same characteristics, such as country of origin, language, religion, ancestry and culture. Ethnicity is a matter of biological and historical fact and is not changed by the culture in which a person grows up. This links to the equality of individuals in the society because we are all living with each other and tolerating each other in such ways that have accepted each other for who we are.
Culture – describes what people develop to enable them to adapt to their world, such as language, gestures, tools to enable them to survive and prosper, customs and traditions that define values and organise social interactions, religious beliefs and rituals, and dress, art, and music to make symbolic and aesthetic expressions. Culture is linked to equality and society because we are all living with each other and have accepted their culture.Social class – This is the recognition of social alliance based on how wealthy you are which will determine how much power you have. How well you are educated and where you live is also an importance of social class.
Four common social classes (in their descending order) Upper class, middle class, working class and the lower class.This links to equality because everyone has a specific group the same which have the same status in a certain respect.Political factorsLegislation- The sex discrimination Act 1975This was an act introduced not to discriminate men and women when it came to areas of employment. This act tries to provide equal opportunities for promotions and for men and women to get jobs without discriminationWelfare state is a concept of government where the state plays a key role in the protection and promotion of the economic and social well-being of its citizens. It is based on the principles of equality of opportunity, equitable distribution of wealth, and public responsibility for those unable to avail themselves of the minimal provisions for a good life. The general term may cover a variety of forms of economic and social organization.
The race relations Act 1976Race is about what country you’re from and what skin colour you are. The Act of parliament successfully made it illegal to discriminate someone because of their race in employment, housing or services.EqualityEquality defined basically means equal rights for people regardless of what factors they might have that is different. Equality states that because they are human they must be equal.
StereotypingA stereotype is a fixed, over indiscriminate belief about a particular group or class of people. For example, a “hells angel” biker dresses in leather. One advantage of a stereotype is that it enables us to respond rapidly to situations because we may have had had a similar experience before. One disadvantage is that it makes us ignore differences between individuals; therefore we think things about people that might not be true. The use of stereotypes is a major way in which we simplify our social world since they reduce the amount of processing we have to do when we meet a new person.
By stereotyping we infer that a person has a whole range of characteristics and abilities that we assume all members of that group have. Stereotypes lead to social categorisation, which is one of the reasons for prejudice attitudes which lead to in-groups and out-groups.PrejudicePrejudice is a word that means judging someone or having an idea about them before you actually know anything about them. It can also mean having an opinion about something without knowing anything about it.
Unfortunately we don’t always see that we are being prejudiced and we don’t always see that we have strong ideas about certain people, their culture or their religion furthermore we don’t always see that we have been influenced by family, friends and the media to have ideas about something or someone that we have no personal experience of.Discriminatory practiceTo discriminate means to make choices based upon categories. If you like to eat small eggs but not large eggs, you discriminate in your egg consumption. That, of course, is a harmless example. If, however, you like to hire people of European descent and not people of African descent that is a harmful form of discrimination, since it is unfair to qualified applicants who do not meet your ethnic criterion.
Biological factorsLearning disabilitiesLearning disability is one of the most common forms of disability in the UK. It is also the least understood;A learning disability is a lifelong disability acquired before, during, or soon after birth and affecting someone’s ability to learn, communicate or do everyday things. Learning disabilities can be caused by a variety of factors, but often the cause is simply not known;People with a learning disability find it harder to learn and understand than most. Some people need help with everyday tasks like getting dressed or cooking, or social skills like holding a conversation.
Others with a more severe or profound learning disability may require 24-hour care, particularly those with physical disabilities. Many people, however, are able to live fairly independent lives;It’s important to understand that people with a learning disability are individuals with unique personalities, likes and dislikes, goals, and aspirations.Physical disabilitiesPhysical disabilities relate to any part of the human body which is not running properly and could refrain people from taking part in certain activities. Some physical abilities may not be so obvious and some any not need wheelchairs or any other support.There are so many types of physical disabilities however today people with physical disabilities get treated more equally and fairly than in the past, for the reason that attitudes changed towards the disabled through raising campaigns and also in legislation because it is prohibited to discriminate against because of their disability.