Exercise and Cognitive Function
Exercise and Cognitive Function

Exercise and Cognitive Function

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  • Pages: 4 (2012 words)
  • Published: November 10, 2021
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Introduction

The most successful people and those that get admiration from many, and they all have something in common. They particularly share one of the most important aspects of life. The the key point is that they have a strong and healthy brain. This category of individuals includes the most renowned doctors, engineers, scientist, physicists, just to mention but a few. These are people with whom many believe have the highest intelligence quotient. What many people might not know is that, for someone to keep such a high level of intellectual brilliance, one need to exercise their brain. Physical fitness is one of the best drivers to a healthy mind. There are proven scientific facts that ultimately support the importance of exercise for optimal functioning of the brain (Aguirre, 2015).

The thesis of this research paper is that physical exercise is important in the development of cognitive function in humans. The report tries to prove beyond reasonable doubt that, engaging in physical work out, the functionality of the brain is significantly improved. To support this theory, there are established and published research papers on the importance of exercise. There is also a record of persons who mainly took place in these studies as specimens and the results were incredible. It is possible to argue that people with the brightest minds are as a ca

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use of inheritance of genes from their parents. This is correct, but for one to fully utilize their capabilities, they have to jog their minds so that they become active and able to solve solutions with ease. The exercises that are linked to the brain are many, and one just needs to find the most useful one for their case and embrace it (Bergland, 2014).
Background

The theory on brain exercises started a long time ago in history. Researchers since time in the past were engaging themselves in trying to find out the importance of exercises to the brain of a human. Since then, this area of study has become widely researched on, and different findings of the same have been published and approved by recognizing health bodies. Even families have taken the initiative and started physical exercises in their homes. The reason is that the parents want to increase the mental ability of their children so that they can become more active and perform better in school. Thus, this is a show that, it is the wish of everyone to have an active brain. The arguments that follow this brief background are accounts of intensive researches that are proven and true (Wilson, 2014).

Discussion

The first reason to support this thesis is that healers prescribe exercise to the sick people as a form of healing on top of the medicine they give them. Diet and exercise are the two natural cures that are known in history. There is a lot of scientific evidence that depicts the importance of the food we eat. The people of ancient China had such believes regarding diet and exercise. There was a surgeon by the name HuaT’o (100AD) who devised exercises regarding the movemen

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of certain animals including monkeys, cranes, bears, and deer. Exercise is now widely used for preventing diseases, for example, diabetes. Over the past years, neuroscientists have gone to great heights to prove the benefits of exercises on the brain of an individual. There is a notion in neuroscience that experiences shape brains, and it is rather not a fixed collection of cells. There is a scientific fact that people are not born with all the neurons, but generate new ones through exercise. Thus, one has to keep a high production of neurons and be able to keep them active for long. They need to exercise as often as possible so as to keep the regeneration active. An example of these new cells born due to exercise is the hippocampus. This is a region that is mostly used for memory and learning (Chapman, 2015).

There is the uncovering by scientist that when one sweats, there is a simulation of production of an exercise-induced protein known as FNDC5. This neuron is a cause of the production of another protein known as Brain-Derived Neurotropic Factor. The protein is used for nourishing the existing neurons and also manages the survival of existing brain cells. This part is particularly used for memory and learning. There is normally the triggering of a biochemical cascade. This is particularly a reason for creating new neurons that can withstand enhanced plasticity of the brain which in turn strengthens the cognitive skills and the memory. Sweat sessions are known to lower the stress levels of individuals, and it even reassembles antidepressants. There is a new study that shows that when one engages in exercise can get rid of blood substances that accumulate when they have stress. These accumulations particularly disrupt plasticity of the neurons thus providing a form of protection of the brain from changes induced by stress (Ma, 2008).

There are also proven evidence that exercises increase the blood flow, which in turn enhances the health of the cerebrovascular. In a research carried out in Beckham Institute at the University of Illinois came to a conclusion that physical activity is part and parcel of the improvement of the white matter integrity. The integrity of the white matter improved in children with ages of 9 to 10 years old and also for the ages of 60 to 78 years. There were findings, which showed that there is an improvement of the white matter in the brain through engaging in physical activities. The integrity of the white matter directly corresponds to a faster conduction of neurons. The activity leads to a cognitive performance that is much superior to the normal brain (Chapman, 2015).

The composition of white matter includes myelinated axons and glial cells. The former forms part of the communication vessel between particular sections of the gray matter which is in the cerebrum. Vascularization capillaries are found in the myelin. The Beckham Institute Director, Arthur Kramer is of the opinion that exercise improves the integrity of the white matter. This condition is because of physical activity which is responsible for pumping of blood across the brain and thus improving vascularization of the capillaries.

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