Equality diversity and rights in health and social care

In a health and social care environment equality diversity and rights are essential to ensure everyone is prune to having rights and has the right to be treated equally no matter their race age or sex and also to be accepted and respected.

Diversity

The concept of diversity encompasses acceptance and respect. It means understanding that each individual is unique, and recognising our individual differences. These can be along the dimensions of race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status, age physical abilities, religious beliefs etc.

It is the exploration of these differences in a safe positive and nurturing environment. It is about understanding each other and moving beyond simple tolerance to embracing and celebrating the rich dimensions of diversity within each individual.

Examples Genders – In the past men had more rights than women and were seen as more important. Women still earn less than men for similar work and find difficulty in breaking through the ‘glass ceiling’ to the most senior positions at work. There are far more derogatory terms, such as ‘slag’, used to describe women than men.

Culture – All of us have a cultural background – activities, beliefs, values, knowledge and ideas shared by a group of people. White, middle-class culture still dominates the media and is often seen as more valuable. People feel more comfortable with others of a similar cultural background and groups who hold power and influence in society tend to value others like themselves.

Codes of behaviour – People have different codes of behavior according to their beliefs, values a behavior and backgrounds. People may have different codes of behaviour for different aspects of their lives.

For example, people who live quiet and law-abiding lives may behave differently at football matches or when with certain friends. As early years practitioners, it is important to make sure our behaviour at work is highly professional at all times and adheres to the policies and procedures of the setting. Its also important to remember that our work is in a regulated setting and requires the confidence of parents and families. Therefore our behaviour outside of work may also affect our work status.

Equality

Equality means treating people in a way that is appropriate for their needs.

For example, if Michael Flanders wanted to board the plane, it would be no good saying to him, “you have the same stairs as everybody else”. What is needed is a way of getting on the plane that will suit everybody’s needs without showing them up and treating them in a way that is worse than other people. Falling to do so will be classes as discrimination.

Rights

Rights are what we are entitled to as member of society. Our society recognises that often come with responsibilities. For example, we have a right to live in peace, but a corresponding responsibility to be peaceful ourselves. Read what is challenging behavior in health and social care

These rights are sometimes called moral rights’ and are based on ideas about what it right or wrong, fair or unfair and just or unjust. P2- Describe discriminatory practice in health and social care Age discrimination is present if an individual is 40 years of age or older and is treated unfavourably in the terms and conditions of his/her employment. In an allegation of age discrimination, both individuals can be over age 40. Colour discrimination occurs when individuals are treated differently from others who are similarly situated because of the colour of their skin.

Colour is a separately identifiable type of discrimination, which may occur with or without racial discrimination. Colour discrimination can occur in the absence of race discriminating when members of the same race are treated differently because of their skin color. Discrimination of the disabled occurs when an individual is treated differently from others because of a disability. It can also happen when an employer fails to make reasonable accommodation for qualified disabled employees and applicants. A disability is defined as a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of a person’s major life activities.

National origin discrimination is broadly defined as including, but not limited to, the denial of equal employment opportunity because of an individual’s or their ancestor’s country of origin. It also includes individuals who are treated differently from others because the individual has the physical, cultural, or linguistic characteristics of a particular national origin group. Racial discrimination is present when people are treated differently than others who are similarly situated because they are members of a specific race.

It can occur when individuals are treated differently because of unalterable characteristics, such as physical features, indigenous to their race. The courts have also found that racial discrimination in employment can occur when employees are treated differently than other employees similarly situated because of their interracial dating or marriages, racially oriented expression of attitudes and beliefs, and/or membership in racially oriented groups. The courts have been careful to state that minority races are not the sole victims of discrimination. Whites, if treated differently than others who are similarly situated, have also been found to be discriminated against.

Religious discrimination occurs when an employment rule or policy requires a person to either violate a fundamental precept of his or her religion or lose an employment opportunity. It can occur when an employer fails to provide reasonable accommodation, such as altering work schedules.

Sex discrimination occurs when an employee is treated adversely because of their sex. Sex discrimination includes sexual harassment and discrimination in the payment of wages due to a person’s sex. Sexual harassment is defined as deliberate, repeated, unsolicited, and unwelcome verbal comments, gestures, or physical contact of a sexual nature occurring in the workplace or work related environment.

Discriminatory practice

Discrimination can be well-defined as treating people less favorably than others due to factors relating to race, color, gender, disability, ethnic origin, nationality, age, and religion. Unfortunately, there are many groups in our society that face discrimination every day, and this discrimination can take a variety of forms including direct and indirect discrimination.

Direct discrimination is when someone openly and obviously treats someone differently due to the above factors. An example of direct discrimination could be when a woman is deliberately ignored for promotion even though she meets all the criteria, in favor of a man who has fewer qualifications. This is discrimination on the grounds of gender. Indirect discrimination is when a rule, requirement or condition is imposed, which effectively leads to less favorable treatment for a particular group of people.

Prejudice is an unjustified or incorrect attitude (usually negative) towards an individual based solely on the individual’s membership of a social group. For example, a person may be prejudice towards a certain race or gender etc. (e. g. sexist). Stereotyping : A stereotype is “… a fixed, over generalised belief about a particular group or class of people. ” (Cardwell, 1996). For example, a “hells angel” biker dresses in leather. One advantage of a stereotype is that it enables us to respond rapidly to situations because we may have had had a similar experience before.

One disadvantage is that it makes us ignore differences between individuals; therefore we think things about people that might not be true (i. e. make generalisations). The use of stereotypes is a major way in which we simplify our social world; since they reduce the amount of processing (i. e. thinking) we have to do when we meet a new person. By stereotyping we infer that a person has a whole range of characteristics and abilities that we assume all members of that group have.

Stereotypes lead to social categorisation, which is one of the reasons for prejudice attitudes (i. . “them” and “us” mentality) which leads to in-groups and out-groups. Most stereotypes probably tend to convey a negative impression. Positive examples would include judges (the phrase “sober as a judge” would suggest this is a stereotype with a very respectable set of characteristics), overweight people (who are often seen as “jolly”) and television newsreaders (usually seen as highly dependable, respectable and impartial). Negative stereotypes seem far more common, however.

Covert and Overt abuse of power

Covert abuse of power Covert means that something is hidden.

In this case, the abuse of power is hidden. Think about covert as if there is a mission such as a spy mission that is secret. It is not revealed to the general public. This is why covert abuse of power is hidden. Abuse of power is defined as a misuse of power, no matter the context. It can be in the government, in the home, or in the work place that the abuse of power is occurring covertly. Overt abuse of power Overt is defined as something in the open. An overt mission is known by all. Therefore, when discussing overt abuse of power it is something that is happening openly.

It can occur in a government system, police, in the home, and in other situations. For example, an abusive spouse may not try to cover up their behavior. In this case the abuse is overt where there may be verbal abuse in front of everyone. If it is in the context of the police an overt abuse of power is where a police officer runs a red light, not because it is an emergency to do so but because they did not want to sit through the red light. An abuse of power in the government which is overt can be something like a dictator.

The dictator is trying to keep the country under their control and therefore does not mind showing an abuse of power. Covert and overt abuses of power are anonyms meaning that they are direct opposites of each other. (http://www. blurtit. com/q2083893. html) P3 – Describe the potential effects of discriminatory practice on those who use health or social care services. Introduction In society inequality and discrimination still exist in a number of ways. Discrimination is reflection in a both ways overt and covert.

From the divide up social class, cultural, race, nationality, etc the discriminatory and unfair treatment start appearance in society. As we can realise society is the significant factor affect on people characteristic and behavioural. As many times we ask ourselves why people have negative attitude or they always prepare to against to those people around them? Why some peoples usually think the life is not fair with them? Fear, worry, low self-worth and marginalize with society is that cause of discrimination or prejudice? That is the question we have to explain how that condition can be effects to the human being.

Unfair treatment and ethnocentric of some provider health services is the main cause making people feeling difficulties to access health services in needs. In my opinion discrimination influence directly on people behavioural, psychological, and physical as well as. The main of the assignment is focus on to explain how the discrimination effects on those who use health and social care services. I will use my knowledge and clearance of understanding the subject to show the main point of the influence of the people who living in discriminatory condition. Effects of discriminatory on people

Suppose that we are living in the society but the people around us always treating us as differently with other people so how you felling? The answer is that we will gradually lose our confidence and living more isolation and become narrower with outside the world. Discrimination effects on people very widely such as health, education, employment, social care and law. Discrimination influence on people attitude, lifestyle, and the opportunity to changing the way they live and their future too. Despite anti discriminatory legislation, people’s life chances are still affects by prejudice and discrimination. Follow the statistic discrimination still exists in society and in some health services but it is not easy to recognise it. As I was written above discrimination exists in both ways overt and covert.

Overt discrimination is the way they treating someone differently and make people directly can be recognise and feeling straightforward.

Covert discrimination is more invisible and a person’s is more difficult to realise it. I would say that discrimination can be effects on individual as damaging their quality of life and human well being.

The people who live under pressure of unfair treatment they are always live without safety needs and lower self esteem for the whole life. By the Maslow’s analysis of human needs discrimination affects on people in negative way discrimination may mean that individuals spend their life struggling with low self esteem and safety needs and reduce individuals opportunity to self actualise. Also, non verbal responses from others can influence an individual to develop an interior sense of self worth. Love and belonging can mean that a person come to believe that they do not belong.

The safety needs and physical needs the persons live in threat of attack and verbal abuse always feeling unsafe and people are likely have the physically damaged from assault. Physical health may be harm if those people suffer stress or depressing. As well as people’s who come from lower social class they normally have very few chances to access to the health care services or to get a good job. From prejudice of some organisation they think that persons have different colour skin, nationality, race, religion, etc so they have no chances to have a good job.

That was because people who have poor economic status normally have no opportunity to have a good back ground, good education so they are not qualify to get a job. Moreover, different nationality is the point to make people lose their chances to change their social position. For example, if one person looking for a good job but that organisation might be refuse you because of your skin colour or your accent when you speak their language even if you have enough experience and qualification. As I mention above some health organisation still have discrimination and inequality.

That may be the main factor can be affects to the clients well being. Peoples are more accessing to the health services because of prejudice and discrimination of that provider health services. For that reason people easy to get the disease or lack of understanding of their own health because they feel they are different and they are not worthy to have that service. As the result they are cut off from economic, cultural, political and social activities, and do not enjoy the full rights or benefits of citizenship.

They do not have enough money to spend in services for themselves. Nevertheless, services providers by the state are not distribute fairly. For instance, a number of non white patients are treating differently from white patients within mental health services. This has been confirmed by a recent Mental Health Act Commission report which found that non white patients, and particularly people Afro Caribbean ethnicity, were far more likely to be compulsorily detained under the Mental Health Act 1983.

Effects on social group

Social In society the law established to against discrimination but it seem not strong enough on their own eliminate it and it still exists throughout society. As I read in the text book they suggest that the law only can reduce overt discrimination but covert discrimination is still a matter. Women, lower social class, black people are nothing change in that situation. From the period women always appear as weakest person in the world. As my knowledge in some countries that do not believe women can carry a good job as a man.

Also they were treating women unfair fully between man and women. That why they think it is reasonable to give man all power of whatever they want to do and they are not seem too much respectful to the women. A long with unfair treatment between man and women so the society started creation to hold back the opportunity for women work and open their narrow mind. Moreover, discrimination also effects on poverty and social exclusion between sex in society. For example, lesbians and gay men are establishing the needs of those most at risk of experiencing poverty.

The study found that 21 per cent of respondents were living in poverty and over half (57 per cent) of respondents said they found it difficult to make ends meet. The findings also outlined clearly the range of effects of harassment and discrimination and the extent of social exclusion experienced by lesbians and gay men. Discrimination between groups of people who carries the abnormal human sexual in society has affected on those very hard. they spend all their life time living with prejudice, lower worth, low self-esteem, in everywhere around them such as school, work place, etc.

A large number of respondents suffered from social exclusion. Participants reported problems with harassment, discrimination or prejudice at many stages of their lives – for example, in revealing their sexuality to family and friends; in school, college or while on training courses; in employment. Problems of isolation and loneliness at school or in continuing their education were not uncommon, and exclusion was evident in the area of service provision, for example housing and insurance. Health There is evidence of institutional racism within the National Health Services.

As the result they suggest that the discrimination still the matter in some provider health services. For example, the unfair treatment of white patient and non-white patient is clearly showed that they are not give the patient equal opportunity to accessing to the health services. Particular, the people who have mental health problem is normally receiving not well enough support from the health service. They are far more likely to be compulsorily detained under the Mental Health Act 1983. If they have entered into hospital they are getting more at risk to become a victim of some kind unfair treatment from that organization.

For that thing mental health patient is able to have more serious mental disorder because they suffer from harsher treatment from health worker. To base oneself on a number of studies the different treatment is particular on those people of Afro Caribbean ethnicity. They receive a lot harsh treatment of people around them. The factors can prove the discrimination behavior is that if the person who not spoken English or English is not their first language so during the treatment they have no interpreter will be with them.

Many ethnic minority patients suffered from racial harassment and there are very few policy for dealing with that matter. Discrimination in social services is the factor directly effects to the human health. There are a large number of people who suffer from discrimination between racism, religion; culture, etc are more likely end up with serious psychological disease. As we can think in the simple way if the children is the victim of prejudice or discrimination so how can they grow up normality? The answer is that they can not develop as well as us expecting.

Ethnic discrimination also has the potential to influence the health of racial and ethnic minorities through its association with changes in mental and physiologic states and through its influence on participation in high-risk behaviours such as excessive alcohol consumption and substance abuse.

Several studies have examined the effect of racial discrimination on mental health and, in general, show that racial discrimination can be a significant source of stress for racial/ethnic minority populations and that it is associated with decreases in the sense of well-being (e. . , self-esteem, happiness, life satisfaction) and increased psychosis, hopelessness, anxiety, anger, and substance abuse. Perceived discrimination has also been found to be associated with depression (http://grants. nih. gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-06-348. html) To conclusion, in my opinion I think the government not only establish or creation policy of anti discrimination but they also have to try solve in both ways overt and covert discrimination in population.