Benazir Income Support Programme Research Proposal

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In this on-going research. the research worker wants to analyse the Benazir Income Support Programme ( BISP ) . Keeping in position the docket of our research the research worker place the chief organisational theoretical account and implement construction. features or constituents of Benazir income support programme and there affects in societal. poverty alleviation/reduction and economic system of Pakistan.

Benazir Income Support Programme ( BISP ) has been initiated by Government of Pakistan with initial allotment of Rs. 34 billion ( US $ 425 million about ) for the twelvemonth 2008-09 which is the 3rd largest allotment in the entire budget and is 0. 3 % of the GDP for the twelvemonth 2008-09. The Programme has been initiated to partly countervail the impact of rising prices on the buying power of the poorer subdivisions of the society. In the old ages 2005-07. rising prices stood at about 10 % with nutrient rising prices in the scope of 13-15 % . In the twelvemonth 2007-08 crisp rise in oil monetary values and primary merchandises in the international every bit good as domestic market resulted in dual digit rising prices rate. which has about halved the buying power of the people. Hence there is pressing demand for direct and rapid alleviation to the hapless subdivisions of the society and BISP is the response to the above irresistible impulses.

The Programme is aimed at covering about 15 % of the full population. which constitutes 40 % of the population below the poorness line. A monthly payment of Rs. 1000/ per household would increase the income of a household gaining Rs. 5000 by 20 % . BISP will cover all four states including FATA. AJK. and FANA & A ; ICT. Husband. married woman and dependent kids constitute a household. There are rather a few grounds behind this perceptual experience. the taking one being that the thought is reasonably new and really attractive in order to depict the function and structural factors. mechanism of Benazir income support programme. The intent and end behind this survey is to ultimate specify the pro and cons of Benazir income support programme and their effects on Pakistan economic system and what impact on poorness decrease and economic factors? I. Description:

The proposed research will concentrate on the Benazir Income Support Programme mechanism. construction and their distribution of financess. impact on poorness decrease and relief. authorization of women’s and economic factors. The research will ab initio be carried out locally which can be expanded to other major metropoliss as and when required harmonizing to our research prerequisites. Benazir Income Support Programme ( BISP ) working as to assist the destitute people of the society to a great extent and extenuate their agonies. Some former economic experts said the programme should supply benefit every bit many as three million people will be implemented with complete transparence and beyond political associations.

The particular characteristic of the programme is to give precedence to remote and backward countries where the people have fewer opportunities of concern and employment. The authorities he said would supply maximal alleviation to 33 per centum people populating below the poorness line by back uping them through Benazir Income Support Programme. The chief aim of the survey is to find either the BISP achieve their ends in order of poorness alleviation/reduction. authorization of adult females and societal and economic factors. In order to necessitate of this research. tools like interviews and questionnaires will be used in add-on to the literature available. On the footing of these findings. illation and analysis will be made to make to the replies of our research aims. Economic Context:

2005-2007
Inflation: over 10 %
Food Inflation: 13-15 %

2007-2008
Oil monetary value daze. rising prices rate doubled
Buying power since 2005 ~ halved

Inflation in 2008-2009 was above 20 %
Urgent demand for direct and rapid alleviation
Demographic Context:
All 4 states. including FATA. AJK. FANA & A ; ICT
Households 25 m
Population 166 m
Assumed Poverty Line: 33 %





Bottom 33 %
Bottom 20 %
Bottom 10 %
Family
8. 2 m
5. 0 m
2. 5 m
Population
55. 0 m
33. 2 m
17 m









Beginning: Pakistan Economic Survey. 2007-08 ; adjusted for AJK & A ; FANA population

BISP Cash Transportation:
Complements other societal protection instruments and services like wellness. instruction etc. Confers self-respect and pick.
Lower dealing cost and higher value to donees than in-kind support. Impacts short term nutrient security and long term relief of poorness. BISP can function as a mechanism to present hard currency aid in times of natural disasters/ crisis in affected countries.

two. Scientific Aims:
The chief thought and nonsubjective behind this research is to happen whether the Benazir income support programme have decently working in order to accomplish their aim for ultimate decrease in poorness relief. authorising adult females and stabilise the economic system and decrease in unemployment or other economic effects. BISP is based on the Millennium Development Goals ( MDGs ) . the globally agreed set of societal and economic marks that are supposed to be realized by 2015. The thought of BISP was to convey the adult females into the mainstream. Besides hard currency aid. the programme caries other benefits like wellness and accident insurances every bit good as vocational preparation so that the receivers finally become self-sufficing. The hypothesis formulated would be:

Null Hypothesis:
Benazir Income Support Programme is to the full geared and assisting towards in order
of decrease in poorness relief and authorization of adult females in Pakistan. Alternate Hypothesis:
Benazir Income Support Programme is non to the full geared and assisting towards in order of decrease in poorness relief and authorization of adult females in Pakistan. The chief aims which are intended to be completed by the terminal of the survey are: A step to counterbalance low income households for decrease of buying power. A hard currency grant of Rs. 2000/ every alternate month.


Merely one benefit per household.
Empowering Womans: Merely female receivers: Female caput of household or grownup female member of the household can be a receiver. “This is non a party specific programme. it is for the people of Pakistan. because of its transparence. the full universe. and donor bureaus are collaborating and are directing their offers to us. ” To assisting the households of the victims of bomb blasts and those of the temblors every bit good as the displaced individuals from the Swat part and bajour bureau and etc. To decrease in poorness relief.

Be seasonably and indifferent.
Temporary so as non to make dependence.
Not excessively big. so as non to endanger work inducements or have an inflationary consequence. Careful attending to plan and execution.
Careful monitoring and rating.
Eligibility standards to be predefined. transparent. easy to explicate and simple to administrate. Important linkages to the some surveies and work accomplished by assorted workers in the field highlighted below: Mentions:



Dr. Mukhtar Ahmad. Director General ( Operations ) BISP.
Grosh. M. . Ninno. C. . Tesliuc. E. & A ; Ouerghi. A. ( 2008 ) . ‘the Design and Implementation of Effective Safety Internets: For Protection & A ; Promotion’ the World Bank. Washington. D. C. World Wide Web. bisp. gov. pk
World Wide Web. pakistantimes. net/pt/detail. php? newsId=2949

three. Methodology:
The methodological analysis involved in this research the research worker would be used
content analysis both as qualitative and quantitative. Contented analysis is portion of the empirical. societal scientific tradition and it is method which has been developed to look into the forms of our survey. The two major techniques of content analysis. depending on the analytical methods used. which are quantitative content analysis and qualitative content analysis. Quantitative Analysis:

The intent of this analysis is to quantify and manifest characteristics of a big figure of media texts. Qualitative analysis is by and large concerned with how frequently a variable is presented and the sum can pass on in Numberss. Which allows great preciseness in describing the consequences? So in quantitative research procedure the application of different trial would be made and regression analysis would be used and run. Qualitative Contented Analysis:

This type of content analysis contains a lower limit of quantitative measuring. standardisation and mathematical techniques ( opposite ) . Qualitative analysis of content is used to explicate the quantitative informations and to construe way of the contents. Stairss of Contented Analysis:

Universe of the Survey:
To specify the existence is to stipulate the boundaries of the organic structure of content to be considered. which requires an appropriate operational definition of the relevant population. This research considers the chief mechanism of Benazir income support programme in regard of their features. aims. constituents and their effects. Sample of the Study

The sampling would include persons. establishments and all the other society factors. The mark will be all major beginnings. Questionnaires.
Interviews.
Electronic mails.
The information will be collected by specially designed interviews and questionnaires. maintaining in head the research aim. four. Benefits/Usefulness:
BISP Coverage:
Allotment for 2008-09: Rs 34 bn ( US $ 425 m )
~ 0. 3 % of GDP
Target coverage ( 3. 5 million households ) ~ 15 % of the population Allocation for 2009-10: Rs. 70 bn ( US $ 875 m )
Target beneficiary households for 2009-10: 5 million
Plans over the average term to widen coverage to 7 million households by 2010-2011.
Seperation of Function:
Functional separation for transparence and efficiency.










Eligibility Criteria
Monthly income less than Rs. 6000.
No household member in authorities service.
Possession of no or less than 3 estates of agricultural land or up to 3 Marlas residential belongings. Possession of Computerized National Identity Card.
Should non be beneficiary of other support programmes.
Should non hold an history with a foreign bank.
Should non possess a passport or an Abroad Pakistani individuality card. Requirements/Conditions:
Designation of appliers / receivers through democratically elected Parliamentarians. Equal figure of signifiers distributed to each Member of parliament.
Attestation by local degree representatives of Parliamentarians and Union Councilors. Screening / Verification of basic standards through cheques with National Database & A ; Registration Authority ( NADRA ) . Cost effectual & A ; speedy aiming procedure.







Benefits Level
A hard currency grant of Rs. 2000/ every alternate month.
Rs. 1000 = 20 % addition in income for household gaining Rs. 5000/ autopsy. At prevailing monetary values Rs. 1000 payout is sufficient to finance 20-25 yearss flour demands of a household with 5-6 persons. Rs. 1000/ autopsy non a labour deterrence – merely adult females household member is recipient. Emergency alleviation bundle for IDP’s. victims of bomb blast and terrorist act and temblor affected territories of balochistan.

Monitoring of Payments
Internal monitoring mechanisms of Pakistan Post Department.
External Monitoring through BISP Provincial and Regional Offices. Pakistan Post studies monthly ( electronically ) to BISP on payments. with list/addresses of houses and name of mailman doing the bringing. Eligibility and Payment position available on BISP. ( World Wide Web. bisp. gov. pk ) Execution Status

Forms Processing Status by NADRA ( as of 13 July 2009 )
Entire Forms Processed: 3. 736. 914
Entire Eligible: 2. 122. 038
Entire Ineligible: 496. 927
Entire In?process: 50. 600
Entire Withheld: 1. 067. 349
2. Year wise physical and fiscal program of work ( Phasing ) :
The undermentioned clip line shall be observed while executing the research or survey: 0-2 Literature and Data Review
2-3 Research Design will be Formulated
3-4 Theoretical Frameworks Designed
4-6 Collection of Data
6-8 Data Analysis and Discussion
8-10 Findingss
10-12 Report Writing and Recommendations in the visible radiation of above analysis












3. Participating Personnel’s:
Sir Sardar Zahid
Sami Ullah
Tahir Mukhtar
4. Infrastructure Facilities:
Already Available:
COMSATS installations will be available. which includes office support. library support and research. Scientific Forces: _____________________________________________ Proposed to be established:
Fax Machine would be used.
Scanner would be required.
Photocopy would be required.
2 Laptops would be required.
Laser pressman would be required.
USB Flash Drive would be required.
One portable difficult thrust would be required.
One Digital Video Cam would be required.













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