Behaviour of UK University Students During Party Holidays Essay Example
Behaviour of UK University Students During Party Holidays Essay Example

Behaviour of UK University Students During Party Holidays Essay Example

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  • Pages: 12 (6003 words)
  • Published: July 31, 2017
  • Type: Research Paper
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A vacation as defined by is a period in which a interruption is taken from work or surveies for remainder, travel, or diversion. It is besides sometimes used interchangeably with vacation. A party is besides defined by as a societal assemblage, as of invited invitees at a private place, for conversation, refreshments, amusement e.g. a cocktail party. A party vacation in this research refers to a period which is taken as a interruption from work or surveies for travel and which there is a batch of amusement.

For the intent of this research, the term pupils covers anyone analyzing at any establishment of higher acquisition i.e. station secondary instruction.

Rationale behind the survey

A party vacation as the name suggests is a vacation in which the purpose is to hold a batch of merriment. This is different from the traditional merriment on most holiday trips. Party vacations are a turning tendency in British society and it 's a type of holiday really common particularly among immature pupils. Its chief intent is holding fun imbibing tonss of intoxicant, acquiring and taking drugs and clubbing until dawn. The accent in party vacations is on the party. On such vacations, the participants are looking to hold many parties and by and large have wild merriment.

Party vacations are fast going the tendency for pupils and this is partially because of the handiness of inexpensive vacations to European finish which is within the budgets of most pupils and besides partially due to the fact that many pupils love to hold a bat


ch of high energy merriment. Once student academic twelvemonth has been completed, pupils can bask more than two months of freedom, off from instructors and books. It is common pattern travel off from the state for at least one hebdomad with friends or spouses, it surely helps pupil to review themselves and to take a interruption from the modus operandi, and at the same clip give them the chance to detect new topographic points and new civilizations.

The addition in the handiness of these vacations can be seen on the cyberspace. There are many inexpensive trades advertised on many travel web sites. An illustration of advert one can happen on the cyberspace is as follows ; `` If you are immature, free, individual and are on the sentinel for unworried merriment and exhilaration during your universe travels so there is no better alternative than making it on a singles travel circuit! The vacation of a life-time can be had for less than ?150! '' ( Borders overnight 2010 ) .

Students are inundated with this type of adverts and the entreaty to acquire a short interruption after a twelvemonth or term of surveies becomes even stronger. Until a few old ages ago, pupils were non the chief mark for circuit operators. Before the beginning of the 20 first century, vacations have largely been for high income people, i.e. chiefly workers, non pupils. The debut of low fees and particular bundle vacations trades by air hoses companies have surely increased the chances for immature pupils to acquire off from the state.

It appears that many travel companies are cashin

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on the pupil population as a new and feasible market to hike gross revenues and do net income. It is, hence, a win-win state of affairs for both the travel companies and the pupils who want to hold a batch of merriment on the European continent.

European states have progressively become the holiday finishs of many UK occupants. Harmonizing to the ABTA 2004 study of travel bureaus, 13 % of these agents saw a lessening in the demand for UK vacations and an addition in the demand for European vacations. These bureaus felt that the addition was due to the handiness of inexpensive European airfares therefore supplying great value holidays to the travelers ( ABTA 2004 )

In add-on, harmonizing to Halifax 2010, the rise of the lb against some currencies besides made it easier for people to afford vacations to cardinal Europe. In fact, this twelvemonth from February, the lb rose against the Euro by 5 % , hence finishs such as Greece, Spain, Portugal and other Euro-countries became even more attractive this summer. The tabular arraies above show the gradual addition in the vacations taken outside of the UK and in European states by UK occupants ( England Research 2006 ) .

It is clear that Europe is the most popular vacation finish for people populating in the UK doing up approximately 80 % of abroad vacations. There some peculiar finishs across Europe where party vacations take topographic point, these topographic points like to trade name themselves as party finishs to pull tourer that are looking for parties. In general, Spain has been the most popular state to see since 1994, with 13.8 million visits in 2005. France was 2nd in popularity, with 11.1 million visits ( Barrow 2010 ) .

Student Travel behavior

Students are by and large immature grownups largely between the ages 18 - 28. They are at an age where they do non needfully hold a big disposable income and are partially dependent on family/state and portion clip work for money. This characteristic influences travel behavior in that it means they tend non to pass so much money on traveling.

They are besides really funny and adventuresome. They tend to desire to seek new and exciting things ; this is reflected in the desire of UK pupils to travel on party vacations in different parts of Europe. Many pupils tend to travel on trips with their friends or spouses and they tend to be after these trips based on information received from friends, household or as mentioned earlier from the cyberspace.

Aim and Objectives of Research


This research is based on the premiss that more pupils are taking party vacations and is focused on apprehension and analyzing the behavior of UK university pupils during their party vacations.


Questions that this research will wish to reply are:

  • Why do pupils travel on party vacations i.e. what motivates them?
  • How do they take where to travel, what are their beginnings of information?
  • How do they act while on vacation, what do they make?
  • What their overall experience was? Are they probably to maintain traveling on party vacations?

Literature Review

Harmonizing to a research about spring interruption, pupils

are taking them interrupt to a lesser extent, to research chances for imbibing, sex, and drug-taking ( Sonmez et al. 2006 ) . There is a famine of research on pupil behavior with respects to party vacations likely because it is a new phenomenom. In fact, until late, there was barely informaton associating to pupil or young person travel. It was ever assumed that they constitute a little portion of the travel industry and hence non deserving trouble oneselfing about. However, late, some studies have been written on this topic. Some surveies have been carried out to understand why pupil travel, how much they spend, what they gain among other things.

Some research has been carried out by the Australian Tourist Commission ( ATC ) . It has been discovered that even though the mean day-to-day disbursement of immature travelers may be low, they tend to go for longer periods so their entire outgo is really rather high ( Hotel Online 1998 ) .

International Student Travel Confederation ( ISTC ) besides carried out a more elaborate and comprehensive research in 2002. Its purpose was to analyze and the different facets and features of international young person and pupil travel from the point of position of the survey group.

ISTC collected its informations by bespeaking for the mailing lists of several travel companies in eight states ; they included Hong Kong, Slovenia, UK, Sweden, and South Africa among others. Questionnaires were so sent to the people on these lists and over 2,300 responses were received. The questionnaires were designed to garner information about the societal, cultural facets of the pupil travelers, every bit good as information about how they planned and organised their holiday trips.

What made this research unique was that it was the first research to aim this group of travelers straight as it did non acquire its informations from secondary beginnings i.e. derived from other published statistics. It gathered its information straight from the mark group. This information and informations are described below:

A description of the travelers: The consequences of the research showed that most of the pupil travelers were below 26 old ages of age and even though they have a high degree of instruction, they tended to hold low income. About 51 % of them earned less than $ 5,000 per annum. Many of them besides had different travel manners and identified themselves as such. For illustration, there were backpackers, tourers etc.

The ground and motive for their trips: Most of the respondents ( 81 % ) mentioned that they wanted to happen out about different topographic points and civilization, 71 % besides wanted to go for the merriment and exhilaration, 69 % of them merely wanted to run into different people. It was noted that most of the travelers under 26 old ages were more motivated by societal contact and exhilaration. These were the chief grounds for their travels. Older pupils were more interested in seeking more meaningful and individualized experiences that might interpret to better callings.

As can be seen, most of them felt that researching other civilizations and sing exhilaration were really of import while grounds like lending

to the topographic points they visited, being in a composure ambiance and utilizing their physical abilities and accomplishments were non about every bit of import.

Their information and trip planning beginnings: When they decided to go, 71 % of the respondents said that they got their travel information and inside informations from the cyberspace and 70 % got information from their friends and household. There was an convergence in the beginnings of information. Most of the respondents used more than one beginning of information.

Merely approximately 37 % of them used guidebooks and these were largely more experient travelers and were aged over 26 old ages. Travelers with less experient besides sought more information from travel agents in add-on to any other beginnings.

After acquiring the information about their vacations, approximately 65 % of the pupils booked their travel through travel agents, both specializer and mainstream agents. However, it is interesting to observe that most of the travelers merely booked their tickets with the travel agents and did non book their adjustment in progress, preferring to happen adjustment on their ain on reaching at their vacation finishs.

In add-on, approximately 56 % of the entire respondents were able to acquire some pupil price reduction on their trip either in the signifier of rail and coach price reductions or adjustment price reductions. Most pupils whether below or above 26 old ages of age planned their trip utilizing information from friends, household and the cyberspace.

The trip finishs:  When asked, most of the immature people said that they travelled to Europe ( 51 % ) and merely 16 % of them travelled to North America. Backpackers were more likely to travel to Southeast Asia and Australia. Another interesting find was that females were more likely to go to Western Europe and Middle East, while males were more likely to go to Eastern Europe, China, Japan and South America. The ground for this was non explained in the research.  On their last large trip, approximately 30 % travelled to Northern Europe. The least popular finish was the Indian sub-continent.

The length of their trip: The length of their trips varied but on the norm, they lasted about 63 yearss. Backpackers travelled for thirster ( about 74 yearss ) . Trips to Australasia lasted about 128 yearss which were the longest and Europe had the shortest continuance ( about 34 yearss ) . North American trips and Indian trips lasted on norm of about 90 yearss and 84 yearss severally. Looking at the figure above, it can be seen that 28 % of the travelers spent less than 2 hebdomads on their vacations and another 26 % of them spent between 2 hebdomads and a month on their last vacations. About 8 % spent over 6 months on their last trip.

What they did on their trips:  The pupils were asked what they did on their trips and it turned out that 77 % of them visited historic sites and memorials and 76 % went shopping, visited eating houses and coffeehouse. Many of them, in add-on, to what activities they pursued during the twenty-four hours besides enjoyed the night life excessively.

They went partying and clubbing to hold merriment and mix with people of their age groups.

The sum of money the travelers spent:  It was discovered that on the norm, the money spent daily was low. Over half of the travelers said they spent less than $ 20 on a day-to-day footing. However, since they tend to pass comparatively long periods of clip in certain finish, the entire sum of money spent adds up to big figures. For case in the US, on norm, entire money spent including travel was about $ 1,900. Backpackers tended to pass more money than any other travelers with an mean spend of about $ 2,200.

Considered benefits of the trips:  The research besides wanted to happen out how the immature people felt after their travel, whether they enjoyed themselves and had a good clip and whether they were likely to take similar vacations. It was discovered that for many of them, they did hold a good clip but they were non satisfied. Their vacations merely increased the desire to go more. They besides said that their vacations helped to increase their apprehension of other peoples and civilizations.

The ISTC research provided a batch of valuable information on pupil behavior before during and after travel. Some of the information will supply a footing for this research. However, it is of import to observe a twosome of differences, this research will be concentrating on pupils merely whereas the ISTC research was based on immature people. Besides, while this research is restricted to the UK, the ISTC research had a more planetary range. These differences can be seen in the continuance of the trips, the grounds why they took the trips and what they did on those trips. Longer trips be given to be for more cultural, educational and calling grounds while short trips are typicaly meant for relaxation and merriment.

Carr ( 2002 ) besides carried out a survey to analysis the relationshp betwen the immature people leisure behaviour at place and their behavior on vacation. His hypothesis was that vacation shapers were influenced by socio-cultural norms, values and personal values and these are present with them whether they were at place or they were on a vacation trip.

For this survey, he conducted elaborate interviews and used callback journals. The decision from his survey was that immature people tend to be more broad and 'wild ' during their vacations but they were non basically different from how they were during their leisure activities at place. In other words, pupils that loved to party at their leisure clip were likely to besides party during their vacations merely more and pupils that tended to prosecute in more staid leisure activities at place were more likely to make so on vacations.

Carr carried out another research in 2003 to understand the usage of tourer information beginnings among university pupils and how much the pupils trusted them. For this research, he administered questionnaires and conducted some interviews with pupils of the University of Hertfordshire. He discovered that the most sure beginnings of vacation information were the informal beginnings - household and friends even though the

information were normally biased and based on the personal experience of the household or what they in bend heard from person else. The least sure were the formal beginnings i.e. the TV/radio and the travel agents. The pupils still used the formal beginnings but most of them turned to household and friends for verification of the information they received.

While these old surveies do non straight explain the behavior of UK pupils on party vacations, they provide information on pupil travel behavior in general and organize a good foundation and construction on which to construct this research.


As reflected in the purpose and aims, the purpose of this research was to analyze pupil party vacations motives and behavior. To accomplish this, all the information and information received will be used to plan the profile of the mean pupil traveler. In add-on to this, the profile of 5 most common party finishs in Europe: Amsterdam, Ibiza, Ios, Mykonos and Mallorca will be described to supply a more robust apprehension of the party vacation phenomenon. It is expected that they will be similarities between pupil behavior in these finishs but this survey wants to cognize if party finishs play a important function in the behavioral forms.

Following the aims listed supra, there are different types of informations needed for this research and they fall loosely into two classs: qualitative and quantitative informations.

This refers to the sort of informations captured that do non needfully hold numeral properties. They can be used to measure the impact of a phenomenon on the capable group but can non be used to mensurate the impact. It is normally captured by interviews, questionnaires and desktop research. For this undertaking, understanding whether the university pupils enjoy traveling on party vacations can be group under qualitative informations since it can non be measured numerically.

As opposed to qualitative informations, these informations have numeral properties and therefore can be calculated and analysed by agencies of statistical expression, charts, graphs and so on. This type of informations is normally more nonsubjective because it can be tested over and over once more with the same consequences. An illustration of the type of informations is seeking to find how much money pupils normally spend on party vacations. The replies will of necessity be numerical and can be statistically tested to happen out if any forms exist.

The methods adopted for this research are:

In-depth interviews: this is when the research worker conducts the interview straight with the respondents either face to face or over the phone. The research worker will inquire the inquiries and takes notes, thereby leting the respondents to reply the inquiry in any manner and to any deepness that they want. In order to hold a more balanced overview of the vacation party phenomenon, this research included a twosome of in-depth interviews with some of its respondents.

Desktop research: here, the research worker surveies stuffs have already been published on the topic of involvement. This is normally done to understand the deepness of the issue and to supply arrows to the way of his research. Desktop surveies were carried out for this research. They helped to cognize those

inquiries to inquire and how the informations acquired can be analysed for the best consequences.

Questionnaires: inquiries were designed to inquire the respondents where they travel for their party vacations, how old they are, how much they spent on their vacations and other such inquiries. Questionnaires can be unfastened ended or near ended. The questionnaire for this research was both unfastened and near ended.

Open ended inquiries allow the respondents to reply the inquiries in their ain manner and do non smother their look. This is of import so that the research is non excessively stiff about the consequences it can acquire. However, unfastened ended replies can be difficult to analyze. They have to be coded before any analysis can be carried out. Therefore, in many surveies, the research workers prefer to hold a mixture of both unfastened and near ended inquiries to let for freedom of look every bit good as to do informations analysis easier.

In this research, an illustration of an unfastened ended inquiry is the ground for going on a party vacation. Since, there might be several possible replies to this, it was decided that the replies in order to obtain a more comprehensive penetration. To ease the finish profiling, the respondents were asked to bespeak which of the five finishs they went. Respondents who did non travel to any of these finishs were requested to go out the study. In order to cognize whether there was a nexus between gender, income, age, other demographic features and pupil behavior on party vacations, these inquiries were besides included in the questionnaire.


This is the process for picking the portion of a group to prove. Since it is neither possible nor operable to prove or administrate questionnaires to all UK pupils, it is necessary to take a subset of the population. This has to be done in such a manner that there is no prejudice and there is just representation of the full population. There are two types of sampling ; chance and non chance trying. Probability trying implies that the chosen group was indiscriminately selected.

Probability sampling was used for this research. The sample population was based on the pupils at the University of Greenwich. Students were indiscriminately approached to take part in the study. Those who agreed were given a nexus to make full the questionnaire online.

Data Analysis

The signifier of informations analysis depends strongly on the purposes and aims of the research and the sort of informations that were collected. In line with this research 's purpose and aims, the analysis carried out the informations will be largely descriptive to give a clear image of the pupils ' behavior. The quantitative information collected will be analysed utilizing pie charts, graphs and other appropriate statistical analyses. The consequences will demo the grounds behind party vacations, how much pupils spend on them and other pertinent information.

The qualitative information collected will be analysed in a descriptive mode. The information received will be used to explicate the consequences from the quantitative analysis. In some instances, it might be necessary to code some of the replies so that statistical analysis can be applied to the informations.


and Data Analysis

Based on the questionnaires administered and the in-depth interviews carried out, the undermentioned demographic profile of the pupil travelers was built.

The demographic profile of the pupil travelers:

Most of the pupils who travelled for party vacations were work forces ( 73.5 % ) while merely 26.5 % were females ( see figure 4.1 ) . The ground for this is non known. It could be because work forces tend to go more or love partying more. It does non look to be merely happenstance that most of the respondents were work forces particularly since random chance sampling was the sampling method chosen.

Figure 4.1 The gender dislocation of the pupil travelers

Interestingly plenty, approximately 65 % of the pupils have a beginning of income i.e. they work or generate gross in one signifier or the other. Merely approximately 35 % depend on others such as household, authorities for their income. Many of the pupils have portion clip work during term clip and some of them work full clip during the vacations.

Most of the pupils were individual and merely approximately 10 % of them were in a relationship. None of them was married. This made sense because merely a bantam proportion of university pupils are married and this is reflected in this study. The fact that most of them are non in any relationship is deserving observing particularly since farther finds show that most of them go on party vacations with their friends. Over 80 % of them travelled with their friends, approximately 10 % travelled with their spouses and merely 3 % travelled with their households . None of them travelled entirely.

All the vacations lasted less than two hebdomads. This ties in with the thought that all the pupils were looking for was a short interruption from their normal survey and work modus operandi. It besides shows that these party vacations are really clearly different from long vacation trips that pupils take during their spread twelvemonth to larn about different civilizations and addition relevant work experience for their intended callings as seen in the literature reappraisal. Those normally last several months, sometimes up to a twelvemonth. More than half of the respondents in this study said that their vacations lasted less than a hebdomad.

The sum of money spent on vacations varied but more than 41 % of the respondents said that they spent between 500 to 1000 and 35 % said that thye spent between 1,000 to 2,000. Merely 3 % spent less than 500 lbs while 21 % spent more than 2,000 . This is in direct contrast to what was expected based on literature and desktop surveies carried out. It was expected that pupils do non pass a batch of money on their vacations because they do non normally have trim money. However, the ground for this information might be because most of the pupils who took the questionnaires said they have their ain beginning of income independent of any other fiscal aid they might have from their households or from the authorities.

As expected, most of the pupils drank alchohol on their party vacations. Merely 3 % did non

imbibe any. 47 % of them said that they drank alchohol every twenty-four hours and 50 % said that they drank reasonably.

The types of alchohol consumed were a spot more diffciult to measure since many pupils drank more than one type of achohol. The popular options were spirit of which about 50 people said they drank, beer of which about 55 people said they drank, vino of which 48 pupils said trhey drank and 9 of the respondents said they drank other types of alchohol. This confirms that imbibing alchohol is a really of import portion of traveling on a party vacation.

Besides, as expected there was by and large a heavy usage of drugs on the party vacations. Merely 18 % of the respondents said they did non take any drugs at all. 35 % of them said they took drugs mundane and about 47 % said that they took drugs in moderate measures. In add-on, most of them ( 75 % ) said that they found it really easy to acquire drugs on their party vacations and merely 25 % said drugs were hard to happen. The finishs of the party vacations are normally topographic points were drugs are easy to happen, and that explains why the pupils found it easy to happen drugs.

The most popular drugs taken was cannabis. About 70 of the 102 respondents took hemp ( besides called Marijuana ) on their vacations. Ecstasy was besides common with about 40 respondents taking the drug on their vacations. Ecstasy besides known as MDMA is a drug which has a inclination to cut down anxiousness and depression. It besides causes euphory in people who take it. The least popular drug was cocaine, merely about 28 respondents said they took cocaine on their vacations. Cocaine is an habit-forming recreational drug. It stimulates the nervous system. Anfetamine was non taken by any of the respondents. These drugs are non lawfully allowed in most states but are largely accessible on the 'black market ' .

Again, non suprisingly, most of the pupils went clubbing during their party vacations. Merely 18 respondents did non travel clubbing, and about 40 of them went clubbing every individual twenty-four hours of their vacations. The remain respondents said they went clubbing in moderate sums.

Booking the Party Holidays

On happening out about how they got to cognize about their vacations, it was discovered that the beginnings of vacation information were assorted. Most of the respondents got information about their hoildays fromm different beginnings. 80 % got the information from their friends, approximately 60 % of the respondents got the information from the cyberspace and 10 % got the hoilday information from their households. It was noteworthy that merely 20 % got their information from magazines and 12 % got their information from circuit operators.

Most of the pupils booked their vacations over the cyberspace. It seems that after acquiring the necessary information from their friends and corroborating this information on the cyberspace, 91 % of the respondents booked their vacations online. Merely 9 % of the respondents booked their vacations offline.

For this research, the chief travel operators chosen for vacation

engagements were besides of involvement. The respondents were asked which travel operator they chose. About 50 of them used Expedia. Thomas Cook was a 2nd front-runner but with merely about 20 of them booking their vacations through them. About 12 of the respondents booked their vacations with Thomas vacations ( figure 4.12 ) .

When asked what influenced their pick of travel operators, 34 % of the respondents said that the feedback they saw online influenced their pick, 31 % of them were influenced by the monetary value and affordabilty of the vacations and 19 % were influenced by trade name trueness. They merely used the travel operators they had used for old vacations. Friends ' suggestions influenced 13 % of the respondents and the easiness of web serviceability merely influenced 3 % of the respondents. The pupils seemed rather satisfied with the travel operators they chose because over 80 % of them said they would urge the travel operators to their friends, merely 12 % said that they would non.

The overall satisfaction of the pupils with their vacations was rather high, with 65 respondents stating that their vacations were astonishing, 30 of them said their vacations were amusing which can be taken to intend they besides had a nice clip, approximately 12 of them mentioned that their vacations were quiet. None of the respondents found their vacations drilling.

Having understood the general profile of the pupils who travelled for party vacations, the profile of the holidays finishs will be discussed to better understand why the pupils choose them and what really happens on these vacations.

The Destination Profiles


Ibiza is an island located in Spain with a population of over 117,000 people harmonizing to the 2007 nose count ( Fundacion De Promocion Turistica De Ibiza 2010 ) . It is place to It is good known as a popular tourer finish and for its vibrant dark life. It has many nines and many DJs and music manufacturers use the island as a base to let go of new vocals. The most popular vocals played on the island are techno and electronic dance music. Examples of popular nines are Privilege, Space and Pacha.

Clubbing is the major subject in Ibiza particularly during the summer. There are opening parties in June and shutting parties in October signaling both the beginning and the terminal of summer. Most tourers who go clubbing in Ibiza spend the darks partying and clubbing and sleep until late the following twenty-four hours.

From the questionnaires and the interviews, the pupils ' party vacation form emerged. Most of the pupils that travelled to Ibiza were below 25 old ages of age. With half of the respondents that went to Ibiza being 19 old ages and below. Merely 10 % of the respondents were above 25 old ages. For this research, they were asked to province two grounds for taking to travel to Ibiza for their party vacation in order of importance. 15 of them said their chief ground was because of the beach, 12 of them said they went to party and 3 of them said they went because of the Sun.

For their 2nd

grounds, 15 of them said they went to party, 6 of them said they went to hold merriment, 3 respondents said they went to run into misss and listen to music and another 3 said they went because of the beach. Given that Ibiza is widely know for Electronic dance music and techno music, it is non surprising that 60 % of those who travelled to Ibiza listened to these types of music and 20 % of the respondents listened to Pop music.


Mykonos is another popular tourer finish. It is an island located on the west seashore of Greece and besides good known for its really vivacious night life, dark nines and bars. It besides has lovely beaches ; in fact, the beach bars are the locales for most dark clubbing and partying. The night life and the beautiful beaches have since been a tourer magnet for people from all over Europe. It is besides place to many popular and loved DJs. Some of the popular cabarets are Space dance, a homosexual saloon called Pierro 's and Tropicana.

It appears that tourers visit the island for several grounds including broad alcoholic and narcotics use, naturism, for its wild night life and because it is a sexual wild topographic point and its historic attractive forces ( Kamenidou et al 2009 ) .

All the questionnaire respondents that travelled to Mykonos were between 20 and 25 old ages. No other age groups were represented. When asked what were the most of import grounds for going to Mykonos for their party vacations, 67 % of the pupils said that they went at that place chiefly to party and 33 % of them said that they went because of the beach. Other grounds they gave were to hold merriment and to run into people of the opposite sex. When asked which music they listend to at Mykonos, all of them said they listened to Pop music.


The following vacation finish was Amsterdam. It is the capital of Netherlands and besides its biggest metropolis and its fiscal Centre. Amsterdam has been a popular tourer finish for the past 10 old ages. In 2008 entirely, the metropolis hosted about 4.5 million visitants ( Fedorova 2009 ) .

Most of its tourer visitants come from Europe ( about 74 % ) and 14 % semen from the United States. Amsterdam consciously cultivates its image as a tourer attractive force by making subjects to pull visitants e.g. the Amsterdam Water Sensations 2010. The metropolis is besides ill-famed for its ruddy visible radiation territory - De Wallen where sex is commercialised. In this country of the metropolis, harlotry is legal and is a beginning of tourer attractive force. Another tourer attractive force in Amsterdam is the vivacious night life that it boasts of. The metropolis has several coffeehouses, multi- cultural eating houses and nines located particularly in Leidseplein and Rembrandtplein.

The ages of the pupils who travelled to Amsterdam from 19 to 25 old ages. Most of them fell under the 20 - 25 old ages age group and merely four of them were 19 old ages old. Nine of the respondents said they

travelled chiefly to Amsterdam for its java stores, five of them said they went to hold merriment, three of them said they went there for hemp and another three said they went to see another metropolis.

The 2nd grounds they gave for going to Amsterdam were to loosen up with over 16 of them stating that is the 2nd ground they travelled. 3 of them said they went because of their friends. When asked what music they listened to at Amsterdam, most of them said that they did non listen to any music. Four respondents said that listend to Pop music and another four of them said that they listened to Electro and Techno music.


Ios is another popular tourer finish in Greece, it is a little hilly island of about 1,800 people located between Naxos and Santorini. It has a few picturesque small towns among which are Chora and Maganari and is surrounded by beaches. Approximately 150,000 tourers visit the island every season. This is non a big tourer finish ground being that it does non hold its ain airdrome ( Dimitrios & A ; Konstantinos 2009 ) . Young people come from all over the universe to bask the beaches, the eating houses, bars and the dark life.

50 % of them said that their primary ground for going to Ios was to hold merriment, 25 % said they went to party and another 25 % said they went because of the beaches. The following of import grounds for traveling were becasue of friends and to loosen up. Most of the respondents listened to Hip hop music while they were in Ios ( 8 of them ) and merely 4 of them listened to Techno music.


Mallorca besides known as Majorca was the 5th finish to be profiled. It is the largest island in Spain with an estimated population of 790,736 people based on 2006 nose count. It is besides a really popular tourer finish and it has been popular since the 1950 's with most of its visitants coming from the UK, Germany and Ireland. It receives 1000000s of tourers every twelvemonth. Tourism contributes about 80 % of it GDP ( 2009 ) .

The ages of the pupils who travelled to Mallorca for their party vacations ranged from 19 to 25 old ages. When asked what the most of import ground for going to Mallorca was, 40 % of them said that they went to party, 20 % said that they went to loosen up, another 20 % said that they went because of the beaches while yet another 20 % said that they went because of the Sun.

The other grounds they gave were to acquire smashed ( 20 % ) , another 20 % said they went because of their friends and to hold merriment. The music that the pupil listened to at Mallorca was largely Pop music ( 11 of the respondents ) and the others said that they listened to Electro and Techno music.