Adding Third Dimension To Conventional Teaching - Exploration and Experimentation.
This paper looks into conventional instruction patterns and intends to bring forth a new attack towards constructing building instruction in architectural instruction. With the altering engineering and fast gait of universe, conventional instruction patterns based on information and assimilation is non plenty. The rate of alteration in tendencies and engineerings in current epoch do non fit the content of course of study. The paper tries to place demands and usage of the topic to develop the immature heads for managing challenges in future to get by up with approaching developments. It talks about assorted experimentation and geographic expedition techniques which make pupils to happen out logics and heighten his/her understanding sing peculiar stuff, techniques, systems etc. The building squad at IDEAS has tried to bridge this spread between conventional instruction and altering engineering by adding a 3rd dimension to learning methodological analysis. Paper nowadayss tested methods in 2nd twelvemonth building studio in order to device a procedure for building and handling stuffs and engineering with illustrations.
Key words: Information ; facts and familiarities ; experimentation and geographic expedition ;
Subjects in Architectural instruction purposes at placing possibilities and developing rational thought to understand possible for design in order to accomplish an aesthetic, functional and meaningful result. With atomization of architectural learning contents in different topics, link between them becomes weaker and loses continuity in learning procedure in footings of manifestation of design thoughts trough apprehension of building inside informations.
er for architecture instruction 2004 besides insists that architectural instruction should be aimed to get an apprehension of proficient cognition of construction, stuff and building in design classs [ 2 ] . Construction patterns are necessary and built-in portion of design procedure which should be reflected in the academic course of study. [ 1 ] . They should be interconnected in holistic mode to enable pupils to grok their interconnectedness and use proficient cognition to architecture design class [ 3 ]
The importance of building and correlativity with design is really good established
“God is in the details.” –Mies van der Rohe,
“Nothing is every bit unsafe in architecture as covering with detached jobs. If we split life into detached jobs we split the possibilities to do good edifice art.” –Alvar Aalto
Even the five points of architecture given by Le Corbusier defines assorted architectural elements with certain building inside informations.
2. PADAOGY FOR CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY
Aim of the topic, Construction engineering and stuffs, in Architectural instruction is to understand building in item. In IDEAS, aim of learning this topic is chiefly to understand the procedure of executing of design thoughts into concluding merchandise i.e. existent built signifiers. The learning method focal points on detailing by interior decorator i.e. by pupil. For interior decorator, it is necessary to supply appropriate & A ; functional inside informations for executing of design thoughts. Design deals with aesthetics and map. Before fixing building inside informations, the interior decorator demand to hold clear understanding about stuff, its structural belongingss and its behaviour.
It can be said that this topic, Construction Technology & A ; stuff, has definite relationship with aesthetics, map and structural stableness
Vitruvius Stated in Vitruvian three that Firmitas ( structural stableness, Utilitas ( Practical map ) & A ; Venustas ( aesthetics ) are properties of design which were subsequently supported by Alberti and Le Corbusier. Architectural schools ever attempted to learn these properties of design through assorted attacks. The emphasis on geographic expedition, experiment and job resolution at the Bauhaus with practical application has proved tremendously influential for the attacks to instruction. Here attack to building learning at IDEAS in 2nd twelvemonth studio is discussed.
Fig 1.Vitruvian Triad
3. Approachto building Pedagogy.
“There was a wish to acquire something exceptional……I besides wanted to acquire deliver something technically unique”
The above expression stated bye celebrated interior decorator Santiago Calatrava says that proficient singularity in design can non be achieved unless it goes beyond information and facts.
The conventional method of learning by and large relies onInformation and Facts and familiarities.In this procedure of instruction, book information is conveyed to pupils through assorted mediums like chalkboard instruction, presentations, etc. Students are so made acquainted with facts through site visits and general observations. Site visit conveying out lucidity sing the item working process and sequence of building procedure along with safeguards and readyings for executing. Interaction with professionals in field helps to understand the changing demands, development and versions sing stuff & A ; systems. This procedure is so followed by outlining of building inside informations on sheet copied from books.
As building engineering has ever strong correlativity with stuff and its belongingss. Student need to develop an understanding sing its development, possibilities and restrictions of stuffs, elements and system involved along with behaviour and operation to utilize peculiar technique. To excite ideas for design detailing trough logical thought and to choose appropriate technique, some other dimension demands to be added to conventional design procedure. The procedure should take attention of geographic expedition of assorted systems and experimentation on different stuff to convey invention in design ( Refer fig 2 ) .
Fig2: Addition of new dimension to conventional instruction factors
Second pupils should continue with the drafting of design inside informations and non merely a drafting exercising which tend to lose involvement. It is necessary that pupil should be led to the procedure of researching and experimentation to do a wont of transforming and happening his or her ain design thoughts. Therefore we at IDEAS add one more parametric quantity to building learning i.e.Experiment and geographic expedition.
Experiment and geographic expedition is done through planned exercisings conducted in groups which provide chance for pupils to research assorted working or operational inside informations trough test mistake and treatments amongst them. This besides prepares them to react to given state of affairs and being cognizant of the fast changing tendencies and engineering in current epoch. Students are non expected to cum out with right item ever but the method is used to excitelogical thoughtthrough geographic expedition. This peculiar method helps each and every pupil separately and provides opportunity to research at deeper degree and unclutter their uncertainties to develop proper logical thinking and analysis. The pattern of supplying concluding develops logical thought in pupils and it contributes to plan procedure.
The findings of experimentation
lead pupils to develop facts and set of regulations for peculiar component or system, farther it besides gives judgement of specifications required for design and executing lending to holistic application to plan. ( Refer Fig 3 )
Fig 3a: Students experimenting to deduce logics for lumber floor
Fig 3b: Timber Single floor theoretical account made upon understanding facts and system
Fig 3c: Timber Double floor theoretical account made upon understanding restriction of stuff and construct of crossing
4. Teaching Procedure
The topic contains different subjects covering building and inside informations of assorted systems and stuffs. The procedure of learning Construction engineering & A ; material starts with designation of assorted aims of a subject. This helps to calculate out the sequence and right clip of debut of parametric quantity ( Information, Facts and Acquaintances, Exploration and experimentation ) listed above. Here are given some presentation of instances followed in building studio and the methodological analysis adopted harmonizing to identified aim. Here three instances are presented. First instance trades with planing with natural stuff lumber. Case two trades with available systems for opening designs and 3rd instance discusses the procedure for learning R.C.C as a stuff.
4.1 Case 1- Timber dividers.
While planing a lumber divider a interior decorator by and large needs to measure the demand of size, communicating ( ocular or physical ) , and acoustics along with its aesthetics. While making this, the building principals in footings of joineries, stableness of divider, creative activity of gaps, and incorporation of different stuffs comes as challenge. Therefore in order to turn to these issues or to do pupil cognizant about the procedure and complexnesss involved, following method is adopted.
The assignment is framed with due consideration to geographic expedition and experimentation while planing a divider in given context like an office to accommodate the demand of infinite and grade of communicating expected without compromising on aesthetics. This assignment is conducted in following mode.
- Students are asked to fix sketch design of a divider with due consideration to aesthetics and map ( under a given state of affairs and span ) .
- In 2nd phase they are expected to fix a theoretical account of designed divider sing timber as stuff. They are instructed to utilize perpendicular, horizontal and inclined members to do their dividers stand. At this point thought procedure get stimulated as they start put to deathing their ain design in little graduated table theoretical account. Teacher’s intercession at this phase helps them to understand what makes structurally stable divider. They judge the feasibleness of design for size, form, form of gaps and agreement of members with test and mistake method.
- Once the theoretical account of divider is prepared, inputs are given through learning about structural stableness, assorted joinery inside informations and standard nomenclatures sing lumber dividers are introduced to point them for farther particularization of divider.
- Students here are required to show their design in graphical signifier which could be read in footings of assorted drawings and studies. Since each design is different, the studies or graphical representation produced are alone. ( Refer Fig:4 )
Fig 4: Model of divider designed and executed by pupils
is applied for lumber roofs, Louvered windows, Timber floors & A ; Timber pivoted Windowss.
Where feasibleness of design with structural stableness plays of import function in developing understanding for building inside informations, this method is proved to be really effectual instruction tool. Working on theoretical accounts help pupils to research viability of assorted joineries learnt in old semester in the given system or design. With the status of operation in instances like louvered Windowss, pivoted Windowss etc. detailing of members can be explored.
4.2 Case 2 – Timber skiding turn uping door.
To understand building and design of lumber skiding turn uping door, the primary aim is to be cognizant of the country of application, geting at shutter size and its operational system. In order to turn to these issues following process is followed.
Fig5: Model for Timber skiding turn uping door, with accent on mechanism
1. Students are asked to make market study for assorted operation systems like top hung, bottom path and underside sliding, top path to look into on available systems, its restrictions and possibilities with lumber and application. They are besides expected to detect assembled doors and Windowss like sliding/ skiding folding in lumber and aluminium. These observed inside informations are sketched by pupils and trifles are explained by instructor.
2. Skiding turn uping door is now to be designed for specific size in order to germinate sizes of shutter, stipulating material/ stuffs for paneling therefore researching assorted possibilities for planing in signifier of theoretical account. ( Refer Fig 5 ) .The theoretical account emphasizes merely upon mechanism, instead than detailing of shutters with paneling etc.
3. Graphic look in signifier of studies is expected. Similar procedure is followed for other ready system and operational inside informations like Aluminum skiding window and door, Timber go arounding door, collapsable Gatess, steel Windowss, Steel stanchions ( Fig.6 ) and steel trusses ( Fig 7 )
Summary:In instance of systems where operations and mechanism is governed by industry subdivisions and assemblies, it is of import to cognize approximately assorted available merchandises in market. Once it is investigated as the manner it is and how the mechanism works, it becomes easy for a pupil to cognize the detailing with any other such mechanical system they would come across in hereafter.
Fig 6a: Students working on geographic expedition of assorted steel construction joineries
Fig 6b: Assorted steel construction joineries prepared through theoretical account by pupils
Fig 6c: Different steel Stationss prepared by pupils
Fig 7: Steel trusses made and being assembled together on theoretical account
4.3Case 3 - R.C.C. constructions.
Study of systems like Reinforced cements concrete revolves around understanding stuff behaviour, burden transmittal, behaviour of elements, and construction in entirety with composite stuff. It is necessary to understand above construct in order to utilize it in design as a guideline to deduce signifier or allotted map.
1. To develop understanding about function of concrete and support in R.C.C. , little graduated table theoretical accounts are prepared and tested under lading status. The blocks made are of two types a ) Plaster of Paris B ) POP theoretical accounts and steel wires as reinforcement degree Celsius ) little scale concrete
theoretical accounts. When these blocks are tested under tonss, the behaviour of concrete as a individual stuff and R.C.C. as a composite stuff is grasped suitably. ( The experimentation on strength of concrete is already done by pupils in first twelvemonth as shown in images. )
2. It is followed by talk to understand function of elements like column beams termss and its behaviour in construction. This helps pupils to fix little graduated table theoretical account out of steel wires with projecting it in POP helps to understand the inside informations and geometry of R.C.C. elements, formwork and casting. ( Refer Fig 8 )
Fig 8a, 8b: Small graduated table theoretical accounts casted to understand R.C.C
3. In following phase, pulling of little built signifier holding assorted conditions of elements like square, rectangular, round columns and merely supported, cantilever and uninterrupted beams in composing of a individual construction is provided. It is so continued with talk, site visit and looks in graphical signifier. ( Refer Fig 9 )
Fig 9a: Expression of R.C.C columns in Graphical signifier
Fig 9b: Expression of R.C.C Slab and beams in Graphical signifier
Inter disciplinary Fieldss come together with this attack, doing them cognizant about the system which works together for structural stableness, material behaviour and transportation of burden through scaled theoretical accounts. It helps to understand importance of constituents of assorted R.C.C. elements and behaviour for doing design structurally executable.
Exploration and experimentation should be the cardinal factor for building studio which aims at 1. Building foundation of pupils believing & A ; understanding therefore fixing them for future architectural developments. 2. Developing ability to accommodate to altering societal & amp ; technological demands, familiarity with new innovations, understanding stuffs and component. 3. Developing logical thought for economic usage in order to research new methodological analysis for conveying out sculptural or aesthetic qualities, to accommodate to given state of affairs, mould design harmonizing to clip topographic point & A ; fast altering engineering.
Therefore a pupil should non trust on lone information gained but besides should be trained to look into on its ain and derive out assorted applications with altering tendencies. Thus the attacks taken for building instruction are extended beyond information and taken to 3rd dimension that is Experimentation and Exploration.
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