In Romeo and Juliet there are two families; the Montagues and the Capulets. These two families have a rivalry against each other. There are a lot of ways that Shakespeare expresses these rivalries and conflicts.
I aim to discuss these points by looking at a number of scenes in detail. The play begins with a fight between the Montagues and the Capulets. Romeo is depressed that someone he loves will not recognize him. So he goes to a party to forget about her. There he meets Juliet and they fall in love straight away. He finds out that she is a Capulet and he is a Montague.
He decides that he loves her anyway and shows it in the famous “balcony scene” in which they agree to secretly marry each other. Juliet’s father has already planned for her to marry Paris. The Friar marries them hoping that the union will help to stop the two families fighting. Unfortunately the fighting gets worse and Mercutio, Romeo’s best friend, is killed by Tybalt, a Capulet.
Romeo seeks revenge and kills Juliet’s cousin. The prince of Verona had already warned that any more fighting would be punished and Romeo is banished from Verona and threatened with death.At the same time, the Capulet’s are planning Juliet’s marriage to Paris, whom Juliet does not want to marry so she arranges with Friar Lawrence to fake her own death. She is given a small sleeping potion that will make everyone think that she is dead. Friar Lawrence promises to send word to Romeo to meet her when the potion wears o...
ff to save her. Unfortunately, Romeo does not receive this message on time.
Juliet’s nurse finds her thinking she is dead and tells the rest of the Capulets. When the word reaches Romeo he decides to risk going back into Verona and buys some poison himself.He meets Paris at Juliet’s burial chamber and fights him, killing Pairs. After kissing Juliet Romeo drinks his poison and dies just as Juliet is waking up.
Julie is distraught after seeing her dead husband and picks up his dagger and stabs herself. The two families find the bodies and are both terribly sad. The prince punishes the two families and they both make up. Shakespeare wanted to show the Elizabethan audiences that living in violence and conflict, like the people in the play, is not the best way to live, and how it leads to tragedy.
He used many dramatic techniques in the play.One of these techniques is the abrupt shift from romantic to tragedy. At the beginning of the play the first part of the play is lighter but when Mercutio dies the play becomes more serious and dramatic. Shakespeare also uses sub-plots to offer a clearer view of the actions of the main characters. For example; Shakespeare uses the characters Rosaline and Paris and Romeo and Juliet’s feelings for these characters as a comparison between Romeo and Juliet’s feelings and love for each other.
This shows the audience the seriousness of their love and marriage.Violence and conflict are central to Romeo and Juliet and are portrayed in several ways
throughout the play. They both highlight the love element in Romeo and Juliet because they are such a contrast. The violence is shown through the feud between the Capulets and the Montagues. In the very first scene we see a fight between the servants of the two families and these hostilities occur throughout the play. Violence is also shown through the deaths of Mercutio and Tybalt during a fight that Tybalt started in order to provoke Romeo.
Near the end of the play Romeo and Paris, love rivals, have a contest in order to show their love for Juliet.There is also violence when the two lovers kill themselves, although Juliet’s suicide is more violent and gruesome than Romeos because she stabs herself rather than drinking poison. Conflict in the play is also shown in many ways, for example, the clash between Juliet and her father Lord Capulet. He is very strict and doesn’t understand her feelings and is therefore forcing her to marry Paris.
The two families stereotyped each other, some of them had never met, but they still hated each other and they had done for many years in the past. This is another instance of conflict.When Mercutio was killed Romeo showed that he loved his best friend by killing Tybalt, he was banished from Verona. In the opening scene the two family’s violence is shown very clearly as the play starts with the two families fighting. This shows that Tybalt and Romeo do not get along because of the rivalry.
Romeo also dislikes Paris because they share their love for Juliet. The suicides of Romeo and Juliet show how strong their love is for each other. In act one scene 1 we see Sampson and Gregory talking about how they dislike the Montagues and how they are willing to fight them.Abram and Balthasar of the Montagues enter the scene. The servants start jeering at each other which leads them to start fighting.
Benvolio enters and tries to stop the fighting by beating down their swords with his when Tybalt comes and sees him and thinks he is fighting the servants. Benvolio tries to encourage Tybalt to stop the fighting, but Tybalt doesn’t believe that Benvolio’s intentions were to stop the fight. “What, drawn, and talk of peace! I hate the word, as I hate hell, all Montagues, and thee: Have at thee, coward” this leads Tybalt and Benvolio to also start fighting.The citizens of Verona gather round and start to get drawn into the fight. Even the heads of the two families are there, Capulet and Montague.
They are so riled up they too want to start fighting, but their wives won’t let them. At this point the prince of Verona enters and tells them to stop fighting, talking to everyone involved, tells the two families that their ancient hate has caused the previously peaceful citizens of Verona to resort to picking up weapons to try and cease the hatred.If ever you disturb our streets again, your lives will pay the forfeit of the peace”, he explains to the families that if they are caught fighting again, they
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