Us Health Care System
RUNNING HEADER: Health Care Systems in the U. S. Health Care Systems in the U. S. By Terry Scott University of Phoenix HCS/531 – Health Care Organizations and Delivery Systems Kenneth Feldman November 7, 2011 This paper will review the U. S. Health Care System and evaluate what a health care system is, implications of beliefs and values on a health care system, provide examples of various models of health care used in American and explain how the health care system applies to models of the health care delivery in the United States.
U. S. Health Care System A health care system is “the complete network of agencies, facilities, and all providers of health care in a specified geographic area” (Health care systems, 2011). Knowing the general idea of a health care system is a complete network of agencies, facilities, providers within a certain area it can be expanded to a more complex system that includes more than the entities mentioned. According to Farlex, the U. S.
Health Care System “is largely controlled by the free market, which is believed to provide limitations on how much physicians and other specialists can charge to their patients. However, many critics of the current system, including organizations composed of physicians, note that the system has become largely bureaucratic and that cost-cutting measures and pressures caused by competition and the need for profit have reduced the effectiveness of medical practice.
Despite these problems, many commentators have not been able to agree as to the proper level of control that state or federal governments should have over health care” (National health care, 2011). From the information provided, it is understood that a health care system is to assist in the medical needs of consumers through networks, facilities, providers etc in a geographical area. Beliefs and Values of Health Care System Understanding the definition of a health care system, the next logical process is the belief and values a health care system should have or incorporate.
When it comes to health care system beliefs, one study indicated that Americans are still debating or making up their minds on what they want in health care and health care reform. What this study is suggesting, more than 60% of population really doesn’t know about health care in America. The only belief and value that seems to have any sort of agreement is affordable health care for all. However, there is more to health care than just affordability.
The beliefs and values in a health care system should have accessibility to medical treatment, the determination to direct personal medical care, the ability to have treatment in reasonable amount of time, less limitation on preexisting conditions and the general consensus to have health care that works, meaning treating the patient and prolonging life or curing the disease. However with those being said, the beliefs and values being placed on health care systems are; who’s going to pay for it? How much will it cost me?
Are taxes going up to fund health care? Will a new system limit my ability to seek treatment or will it be restricted? Will there even be any type of quality of care? Seeing surveys on health care systems indicate health care systems in America are the free market, there isn’t control or legislation that will assist health care and the main focal point of health care systems are cost or what is the total cost to American? The beliefs and values are solely pointing to cost instead of what is really needed for a U.
S. health care system. Health Care Models Used in America The U. S. has several health care models that are used to administer health care in the U. S. A few of these models are the social and economical models, the public health model, and organizational model. The economic model uses “three assumptions in relation to the economic principle of Implications of beliefs and values on a health care system Benefit, Behavior, Policy Issues, Value, Demand, and Economic Incentives in order to reach a state of equilibrium.
Simple individuals and complex organizations use these same principles daily in conscious and unconscious, direct and indirect decision making regarding health care services. In essence, the Economic Model places a price on life. Placing a price on life cannot ethically or fundamentally be reached without application of the Social Model in order to reach the social optimum in consumption and investment” (Dominguez & Dominguez, n. d. ). The “Public Health Model defines its’ mission as “fulfilling society’s interest in assuring conditions in which people can be healthy”.
The Public Health Model focuses on society while organizing communities, private and public organizations, and the government in an effort to fulfill core functions in assessment, policy development, and assurance. Public Health has greatly influenced and changed the health status of the United States through research, education, regulation, and implementation of medical technology. The Public Health Model parallels the Organizational Model while adopting the objectives of the Social Model.
The Public Health Model produces great results, however it is at the mercy of the government for fiscal support and therefore does not have a political power base” (Dominguez ; Dominguez, n. d. ). . Though there are additional models such as the demographic, environmental, political and governmental models, what is seen in today’s model market are the economical and social models. These models could be contributed to more American being unemployed, the constant rise of health care costs and an introduction of a large generation entering into a government funded model such as Medicare or Medicaid.
With the various models that affect health care delivery systems, the perception to see which models impact the U. S. Health Care Systems are the economic and social models. Perception to this contribution is a financial cost that everyone believes health care is not affordable and there are no other means of obtaining health care needs. Models of Health Care Delivery in the U. S. With the various models in the U. S. Health Care delivery systems, each model affects the total health care system. Though the models have distinct epresentation through social, economical, governmental, political, environmental and demographical, they all interconnect and have an impact on one another. For example, the economical model could be construed as having a double edge sword in health care delivery systems; either a person can afford privatized health care or will need assistance from government programs. In essence, the economic model will eventually move into a governmental model because the privatized consumer reached a standardized age that ‘forces’ them to accept government controlled and funded health care.
This is similar to those who cannot afford health care in the U. S. A person who cannot afford health care can seek assistance through the government for funded programs than enables them to have health care. Again, economic models interconnected with governmental models. Each model has a unique presence in the health care delivery system in America interconnects with one another. Though the intention may not be relevant however, since the health care delivery system in the U. S. s in a free market environment, the multiple models take on their own roles to compensate but eventually tie or feed into one another for justification, reassurance and assistance. Conclusion Looking at health care systems and understanding what health care systems are, this evaluation provided the definition of health care systems, what it is in American, what the beliefs and values are in health care delivery systems and the models that form health care delivery systems in the U. S. However, what is noted, the U. S. ealth care system is a free market system that doesn’t have legislation controlling health care delivery needs and cost. Since the health care free market, more Americans are uncertain of health care delivery in the U. S. and do not fully understand its presences and what it means to a person. Until health care is dissected, reassembled, and made affordable for all, health care delivery systems in the U. S. will appear to flow under the same models of social, economical, political, environmental, demographic and governmental. Though different in health care delivery systems, but eventually all filter into one model under a overnment funded model. Until health care is scrutinized and fully dissected, health care will still be on the brink of collapse or complete destructions. References Dominguez, C. C. ; Dominguez, S. (n. d. ). 4 models of the US healthcare system. Retrieved from http://www. aestheticmedicinetoday. com/4_Models_US_Hlth_Sys_12_09_09. html Health care system. (2011). Retrieved from http://medical-dictionary. thefreedictionary. com/health+care+system National health care. (2011). Retrieved from http://legal-dictionary. thefreedictionary. com/National+Health+Care