Treatment of people relating to various dimensions Essay Example
Treatment of people relating to various dimensions Essay Example

Treatment of people relating to various dimensions Essay Example

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  • Pages: 10 (2539 words)
  • Published: August 24, 2017
  • Type: Essay
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The investigation at hand encompasses various domains such as philosophy, politics, society, morals, spirituality, and law. Although it has faced previous criticism, its significance has grown in recent years and continues to be relevant today. As stated by Goldberg, present-day society addresses disparities through two approaches: either disregarding them or rejecting their distinctiveness.

The second reaction, which is less severe but has the same outcome, involves digesting it. However, Susan Mendus argues that tolerance implies that differences are morally incorrect and should be changed rather than embraced. Consequently, laws and rights aim to address long-standing racial differences by applying universal standards to all individuals, resulting in uniformity.

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Egalitarianism promotes the idea that individuals should receive equal treatment in various aspects including religion, economy, social position, culture, and politics. Additionally, it e


mphasizes the equal importance of all human beings.

According to this concept, a just society requires three essential requirements. Firstly, everyone must be equally affected and valued. Secondly, the difference in the importance of possessions should match the difference in outcomes for each group. Lastly, the value of the outcome for each individual should equal their possessions. Despite equality being viewed as a means to restore balance, it is not deemed just. Laws that aim to benefit society can be unfair as they may cause injustice for another group.

Equality means treating individuals fairly within a particular group, even if this results in different treatment for those outside the group. While some define equality as ignoring mental and physical differences and concentrating only on similarities among people, art and civilization depend on those with greater talent or competence. In a society with limited resources and minimal government intervention

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unequal opportunities arise because of varying levels of intelligence, which makes it difficult for some individuals to have the same access to opportunities as others. We all come from different backgrounds and situations.

Additionally, every society possesses a political structure that categorizes citizens and excludes specific groups from participating in politics. If equality existed, the distinctions between the powerful and powerless would vanish. Therefore, critics arguing against selective secondary education should recognize that education must be fairly distributed among different societal groups. To address the inequitable opportunities for higher education resulting from limited resources and subpar secondary schooling, improvements in secondary education or potentially biased admission criteria favoring private schools ought to be implemented. Evidence from the UK supports this notion, as it reveals significantly higher success rates in GCSCE exams for students attending private schools compared to those attending public schools. An individual's social position—determined by factors such as income class, race, gender, or sexual orientation—affects their life prospects and grants certain individuals with inherent abilities an advantage.

When the prospects of the least privileged individuals in a society are enhanced by meeting the expectations of those who are more privileged, discrimination is deemed to be fair. Professor John Rawl's view aligns with this concept, asserting that all individuals possess equal power and capability, thereby preventing domination by any one person under normal circumstances. If certain individuals face obstacles beyond their control that hinder their chances of achieving something, such inequality of opportunity is unjust. Conversely, if some individuals are unable to secure employment due to an inherent lack of ability passed down through generations, this disparity would be regarded as fair.

The main idea is that

individuals can improve their societal and economic conditions through their own virtues. Mr. Krishnaswami's study on discrimination in religious rights and practices argues that differential treatment does not always equal discrimination. It is generally accepted that different standards for certain groups, such as restricting political rights for foreigners, underage individuals, or the mentally ill, are not considered prejudiced. The principle of equality acknowledges distinctions based on mental or physical ability but focuses on differences related to race, color, descent, and origin. While there may be unjust laws in place, it should be noted that not everything unjust is necessarily inappropriate and not everything unlawful is deemed unfair.

While the law may enforce obedience, it does not guarantee justice. Justice is often associated with respect and equality, but respect requires moral objectivity while justice is subjective. Thus, respecting others and following laws carry different implications. "In our diverse societies, it's crucial to foster peaceful coexistence among individuals and groups with evolving cultural identities and promote their aspiration to live together."

Essential policies for societal coherence, civil society, and peace are those that advocate for the inclusion and involvement of all citizens. Cultural pluralism is a policy framework that acknowledges and appreciates cultural diversity. Regardless of the democratic system, cultural pluralism promotes cultural interchange and nurtures creative talents that enhance public life overall. It stresses the importance of not marginalizing or unfairly evaluating individuals based on their identities (e.g., being Muslim, African American, Gay, Feminist, Amerindian, Hispanic). Instead, they should not be compelled to adhere to the dominant culture from which they vary.

To assert a unique identity is also to be part of diversity. Everyone faces the inherent injustice

of life. The fiercely ambitious woman in a male-dominated world, the impoverished class destined for a life of suffering, the innocent child in Siberia who perishes. In 2004, economists Karla Hoff and Priyanka Pandey carried out an experiment involving 321 wealthy and 321 impoverished 12-year-old boys from Indian villages. They tasked them with solving mazes without any knowledge of each other. The results revealed that both groups performed equally.

The replication of the experiment involving all male children who were aware of each other's financial situation resulted in a significant decline in performance among the less affluent participants. This highlights how our educational performance and behavior can be heavily influenced by how others perceive and judge us. Similar results have been observed in experiments conducted with white and black students in the United States. Psychologists refer to this occurrence as "stereotype threat," which has been proven to apply to gender, race, and cultural differences. This effect is consistent with Article 2 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which asserts that everyone is entitled to equal rights and freedoms without any form of discrimination based on race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or any other status.

Furthermore, regardless of the political, jurisdictional, or international status of a state or district, discrimination is impermissible. However, there is uncertainty about incorporating international laws and rights into domestic laws. The implementation of these laws faces hurdles and tends to favor our allies while condemning our adversaries. Despite the struggle for inclusion and uniformity, discussions on diversity recognize the positive impact of societal distinctions. Recently, Japan's Ministry of Education has been

promoting the belief that "Everyone is different and everyone is acceptable" within educational institutions.

The implementation of diversity and acceptance in schools has not yet taken place, leading to a debate between patriotism and these concepts. It is important to acknowledge individual needs and apply different standards accordingly. Toril Moi argues against reducing women to a universal concept of humanity, deeming it oppressive and theoretically unsatisfactory. She asserts that even in a society without race and class differences, biological distinctions between men and women will still exist. Treating women the same as men automatically positions them as inferior; instead, they should be treated based on their gender.

The gender wage gap is a major inequality issue between men and women, with studies from 63 countries revealing its significance even among highly educated women. In 1970, the United Kingdom Parliament implemented the Equal Pay Act to address employment-related discrimination against women. However, in reality, there has been insufficient establishment of equal standards for both genders. Furthermore, women tend to undervalue their own work as demonstrated by a group of women who worked 25% more than men when asked to complete tasks they deemed fair for a fixed payment.

During the 1990s, there were conflicts regarding cigarette smoking as both supporters and opponents of tobacco use debated constitutional policies, federal laws, and treatment methods. Smokers faced discrimination in job interviews, healthcare, and were often subjected to higher taxes and social stigma. On the other hand, Action on Smoking and Health stated that non-smokers living in condominiums and apartment buildings had the ability to retaliate against the issue of secondhand smoke. They highlighted that harmful chemicals could easily penetrate living spaces

through various means such as poorly sealed walls or gaps above or below apartment doors.

The Torahs have a prohibition against smoking as it is deemed unnecessary while breathing is essential. Nevertheless, although health concerns impact everyone, implementing stringent regulations such as a ban on smoking in public places unjustly targets smokers and infringes upon their personal lifestyle. Advocates for equality do not necessarily seek to be perceived as indistinguishable from others, but rather desire equal opportunities to make decisions. Additionally, during the 1990s, there were endeavors aimed at backing LGBTQ+ rights within the military and advocating for same-sex marriages.

The British Army now mandates soldiers to undergo Equality and Diversity training as part of their Military Training. This training involves watching videos that promote 'Respect for Others' and 'Appropriate Behaviour', specifically by featuring examples of homosexuality. The importance of this training lies in its impact on molding professional soldiers. As per the Equality Act 2010, same-sex couples in England and Wales have the choice to enter into civil partnerships, although these partnerships are not considered equal to marriage. While some argue that homosexual individuals should view this as progress for gay rights, others believe that civil partnerships only perpetuate discrimination. Civil partnerships result in sexual segregation, with separate laws governing heterosexuals compared to those governing same-sex couples. Numerous surveys indicate that a majority of the public supports marriage equality rather than having different laws for gay and straight individuals.

Despite the lack of reflection in current legislation, there is encouraging progress in public sentiment. Laws are established to bring order to humanity since unlimited freedom is unfeasible for individuals. The ultimate aim is human rights, which have

emerged victorious in modern ideological conflicts. Nevertheless, uncertainties persist as we observe daily instances of these values being violated more frequently than before. The 20th century was defined by wars, violence, and an ongoing fight for tolerance.

Throughout history, there has been an unprecedented global divide between different social and economic classes. The emergence of Communism emphasized diversity but was followed by a strong desire for unity and order. Human Rights, based on integrity and uniformity, aim to create a global society valuing both globalization and negative freedom. Governments and international law experts have formulated this concept. However, history shows that when fear of the "other" becomes institutionalized, Human Rights lose significance in relation to the state. Regardless of successful implementation of laws and rights, it is crucial to establish a world where individuals can advocate for themselves and their families' rights. A fundamental list of rights should include freedom of speech, religion, privacy, the right to a fair trial, and equality under the law.

According to the Gallic Declaration, Article 1 states that "all men are equal in rights and in dignity." However, this idea is misleading because individuals are inherently unequal from birth. The term "man" oversimplifies the complexities of human existence, raising doubts about its adequacy in representing humanity as a whole. Throughout history, any deviations from the male norm—whether biological, social, or psychological—have been interpreted as evidence of inferior status. Additionally, women's rights to vote, work, or receive an education were only recognized in the 20th century and continue to be unequal compared to those of men. It seems that simply being a man does not possess the necessary qualities for others to

treat one equally.

"I am defined as a human due to the acknowledgement of others. Human existence encompasses various aspects and categories. It lies in the spectrum between the privileged dominant figures like the powerful, free, white, heterosexual male, on one end, and the marginalized non-human individuals such as refugees and beggars on the other. Those living in Africa, where life expectancy is significantly low, are often labeled as 'others' and perceived as inferior beings."

When individuals are consistently targeted for their race or sexual orientation, a significant part of their individuality is eroded. On the other hand, multiculturalism can create divisions among people, as excessive emphasis on "otherness" can breed separateness and undermine concepts like universality. By prioritizing the idea of being different, we neglect our shared interests. Nevertheless, embracing our differences is a fundamental right that deserves to be upheld. The Nazis, for instance, advocated for a world made up of solely "Aryan" individuals, supposedly originating from Northern India.

These individuals considered themselves superior to others, who in turn are superior to "black," "red," "yellow," and disabled individuals. Their viewpoint on disabled individuals was that humanity does not benefit from the thousands of individuals born each year with disabilities, from the deaf and mute, or from those with incurable genetic defects who are artificially kept alive and raised to adulthood. The suffering and hardship experienced by these unfortunate individuals themselves, as well as the immense amount of concern and heartache for their families, and the financial burden on both private resources and the state for their care, is substantial. Edmunt Burke argues that rights are not universal or absolute; they do not belong to abstract individuals

but rather to specific people in concrete societies with their infinite variations of circumstances, traditions, and legal entitlements. According to Max and Burke, Human Rights do not align with real people and can be considered fake.

Those minority groups who lack representation are deprived of rights. When provinces claim to defend cosmopolitan rights and eliminate privileges, they simply mean that these privileges are now extended to a minority group called "people." The crucial question is, as we are all part of this universe and its system of rights and laws, and the majority of us suffer from the everyday imposition of sameness, why can't we embrace and respect differences? I believe that everyone accepts this behavior because this system of applying the same standards to everyone has been used for many years with some success. This system provides certainty, even though it may be oppressive and restrict our personal and universal growth. The coercion we impose on ourselves to be not equal but rather "identical" will not bring about any meaningful change.


In conclusion, I strongly believe that everyone should have equal opportunities, but no one should be identical to another person.

We must continue to embrace diversity in a system that offers equal opportunities. Applying the same standards to everyone will not necessarily treat people differently, but often it will have different effects on us because we are not identical. Instead of comparing ourselves to others, we should assert our own rights and address our own individual needs. The social and cultural dissenters of this century share the same determination as the revolutionaries of the past, to introduce new ways of existence and entitlement, challenging established rights

and laws. It appears that there is still a long way to go and many tasks to be accomplished in order for society to fully embrace the modern concept of respect for diversity.

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