Human trafficking is the unlawful migration of persons to facilitate forced labor and sexual exploitation of the victims or extraction of human body organs for sale. The menace of human trafficking is pervasive in modern society and carried on in secrecy by cartels in cohorts with well-connected parties backed by powerful governments blessing .The act of human trafficking dates back to thousands of years ago and the actual time of the practice inception is debatable to date. The perfect solution to destroy trafficking is initiation of a united campaign against human trafficking and establish consensus for the collective approach to tactical put an end to the transnational profitable criminal activity. Detail examination of human trafficking The trafficking in person activity stands although not documented as a million dollar venture by those in the practice of the vice.
e victims of trafficking suffer exploitation and are embroiled in the slavery of working as personal property to their masters to generate income against their wishes. The perpetrators of human trafficking benefit from massive revenues obtained on getting either cheap labor for the production of goods and services or proceeds from their sex trafficking slavery. The trafficking in person venture is always in connivance with the authorities to conceal their illegal gold mines to share and enjoy the spoils of the shady deals. The authorities turn a blind eye on the human trafficking cartels to facilitate heinous actions on innocent humankind to benefit from contractual favors and monetary gains. Human trafficking is slavery on a new dispensation after years back in history so the fruition of struggles to abolish the slave trade.
The reincarnation of slavery on a high magnitud
is evident in the form of human trafficking to trade human beings for economic and other strategic interest gains. Human trade commonly manifested on various scales as domestic, foreign, or international. The tragedy that motivates human trade is that people are unaware of what takes place in their neighborhood, and even further, they consume products manufactured through forced labor. It is important to delve into a concrete form of human trafficking like forced labor to weigh in impetus on the ramifications of human trade on modern day society especially in the United States. Forced labor is a classical example of re-introduced slave trade in the world to achieve unfair economic prowess by exploiting and degrading the human dignity through slavery. The slave trade is greatly prevalent on a domestic and international level but highly concealed in different forms by the perpetrators.
Most people believe that Abraham Lincoln put slavery to rest decades ago in history after the issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation. The belief is far from the realities of the day as the masters of slave trades have perfected the act of what they do best to facilitate slavery through massive human trafficking disguised in various forms in the United States of America. The traditional slave trade was in the shape of capturing and forceful deportation of humankind to work on farms for colonizers free labor without liberty and human dignity. The practice is still alive in the contemporary world to achieve the same objective but concealed as legal fair trading practices. As at 2012 International Labor Organization estimated that, the victims of forced labor stood at 21 million. Human trafficking is the most destructive
violations of fundamental rights conferred on humanity.
The perpetrators of human trade target their victims through capitalizing on the perceived disadvantaged in the society like the poor, discriminated in our communities. Trafficking is a criminal conduct done through kidnappings, coercion, dishonesty, and criminal immigration procedures to trade victims for the provision of forced labor in domestic servitude. Forced labor serves to deny the victims of their fundamental human rights ranging from the freedom to liberty and right of making choices independently to the preservation of the human dignity. The victims are trafficked to work in deplorable working conditions with either minimum payments or no payment at all to work for long working hours in total infringement of the labor laws. The vulnerable fall for tricks with promises of good jobs abroad as they seek to maneuver in search for greener pastures due to lack of jobs domestically.
The traffickers masquerade as recruiting agencies to facilitate the job seekers travel overseas in anticipation of well-paying jobs. The realities of things resurface ones they arrive at the destined nation, and they are subject to forced labor with exploitative remuneration. Job seekers work on jobs that do not match their skills, and they lack the opportunity to make choices. Victims of forced labor in some instances kidnapped and forcefully smuggled to other far away countries to provide free labor in industries and agricultural installations. There is no official census of the number of people subjected to international slavery and forced labor. Students fall prey of forced labor after the travel abroad for tertiary studies only to work for corporations in return for low wages that enslaves them on such jobs
for survival but not at their volition. Labor's work in undignified and intimidated environment and after that discarded only when one's Heath not fit to do the job to go back to the poor way of life.
Human trafficking is a lucrative venture as the proponents of the vice benefit on cheap labor to manufacture products that earn super normal profits. The profiteering venture funds the illicit trade and the financial ability can corrupt authorities to ensure the continuous flow of free, forced, or cheap labor. Forced labor physically, psychologically, and emotionally harms the victim as they suffer abuse, torture, subject to a harsh living environment that does not befit humankind existence. The beneficiaries of forced labor promote the products and sell to unsuspecting members of the public who consume them not taking cognizant of the fact that forced labor is the force behind the product. Labor is a very vital factor of production, expensive for that matter and any attempts to obtain it freely or cheaply is a viable option for any unscrupulous business.
Past solutions that failed Government and credible international players like the United Nations acknowledge the dominance of forced labor form of human trafficking and the damaging effects on humanity. Investigations reveal that substantial efforts from the adversely affected countries like United States of America, India, Canada, and Brazil among others progressively resolved to combat human trafficking. The United Nations through the United Nations Protocol for the prevention, suppression, and trafficking of persons especially children and women. The United Nations sought to build consensus and diplomatic engagement with nations to combat the human trafficking syndicate by protecting victims and ensuring perpetrators face the
full force of the international law on the heinous crime. The resolution has failed as some nations have defied co-operation as they either directly or indirectly benefit from human trafficking activities.
Countries have engaged Interpol police and mutual administrative cooperation to combat trafficking as it occurs in a transnational magnitude. In investigating cases of trafficking, countries engage in mutual legal assistance and facilitate investigation authorities to unearth the evil practice in dehumanizing humanity (Martin, 2015). States have also set up anti-trafficking organizations, together with the assistance of Non-governmental organizations on human rights monitor and provide credible evidence of trafficking within their jurisdictions. Countries in the desire to disorient the pull factors for human trafficking have instituted measures to ensure domestic employment and poverty eradication, which has always been the foundation of trafficking. The governments have been in conspiracy with trafficking syndicates and some states fight any body against the practice as it serves the interest of their leadership.
The United Nations General Assembly has ratified policies through the divisions of the United Nations to do global research and contribute to the prevention of human slave trade. International Organization for Migration provides support to detect fake documentation that facilitates illegal travel of migrants from country to country in a human trafficking ordeal. The International Labor Organizations has put in place programs to empower the capacity of governments in detection, prevention, and elimination of forced labor. The problem comes in as the states have no political will to sincerely put an end to trafficking. The measures previously taken by the various states and international bodies have not been effective as the changing nature of the modes of human trafficking
that proves to challenge the efforts of putting to an end the evil practice.
The actions have failed as human trafficking continues to grow exponentially on a worrying trend that should necessitate a paradigm shift on combat against the human rights violation through trafficking. Proposed Solutions The discussions and consensus build on an international forum serves to bring joined efforts in the fight against human trafficking. The effectiveness of joining forces is that it enhances cooperation to combat the transnational nature of the criminal activity, as there is a necessity to establish mutual administrative support to net the perpetrators of human trafficking. Legislation has created a framework for legally enforcing action to convict the organizations and individuals culpable of abuses against the fundamental human rights. The tough laws in place take cognizance of the changing trend in the forms and ways of human trafficking among the nations to fill the legal loopholes that criminals use to evade the wheels of justice and the rule of law.
The Non-governmental organizations and the civil society offer a neutral perspective in the fight against human rights abuses as they represent the poor and voiceless in society. Most civil society activists assist in exposing the rogue governments that co-operate with the traffickers and it is effective in protecting the defenseless from compromised states benefiting from trafficking proceeds funding. Economic empowerment of the citizens helps in eradicating poverty and enhancing local productivity that will deter the local people from the temptation of luring in the deception of lucrative ventures overseas. In spite of the complex nature of human trafficking operations, governments and the international community have contributed immensely to either ending or
mitigating the adverse effects of the violations of human rights by human trafficking. The corruption cartels and governments that condone the human trafficking syndicate for their selfish gains have hindered the strategic efforts.
The local and international communities are not extensively aware of the human trafficking activities that take place in them without noticing. The attention of such practices will be fruitful in drumming up support for exposing and condemnation of such activities in one accord. Exposing the lack of care and knowledge of human trafficking in the society will earnestly win support in abolishing the abuses on humanity. Awareness of the pervasiveness with which human trafficking has taken over the vulnerable members of the community will significantly corner the menace in high proportions. Trafficking is a substantive tragedy of our time and the moment international society unite in a joint resolution to condemn it to extinction the vice will be defeated.
The law enforcement agencies should train in identifying possible cases of human trafficking and subject such scenarios to an investigation to ascertain the truth. The studies should establish the underlying factors that motivate the practice to develop actionable reports to combat the sources and networks fuelling trafficking.
The establishment of a resource center to cater for victims of human trafficking and members of the public get awareness and help to relocate to their homes as an escape platform from their captors. The center should advertise a toll-free communication forum with the international network to offer protection, help to reunite, rehabilitate, and empower victims economically. Consumers and regulatory agencies should go an extra mile to investigate the source and modes of production of the products to avoid
the funding of human trafficking indirectly through consuming such products.
The regulatory framework is imperative to steer anti-trafficking campaign that will always stop the consumption of the benefits that inspire trafficking. If the people do not consume then, the production will cease hence killing the roots of trafficking. Conclusion In conclusion, the governments and international organization bear the greatest responsibility for protecting their citizens and human dignity. The authorities should enhance their agencies to promote professionalism and formulate institutions with visionary leadership that values humankind. Trafficking in persons will suffer elimination upon cooperation and unified efforts by everyone to join forces and destroy the potential threat to justified human existence. Trafficking will be condemned to oblivion only if the society decides to put an end to the violations of human rights.
- Burke, Mary C. Human Trafficking: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. New York: Routledge, 2013. Print.
- Combating Trafficking in Persons. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2009. Print.
- Gallay, Alan. Indian Slavery in Colonial America. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 2009. Print.
- Hindman, Hugh D. The World of Child Labor: An Historical and Regional Survey. Armonk: M.E. Sharpe, 2009. Print.
- Martin, Michelle E. Advocacy for Social Justice: A Global Perspective. N.p., 2015. Print.
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