The Great War Test Questions – Flashcards with Answers

question

Why did nations in Europe form alliances?
answer

These alliances were intended to promote peace by creating powerful combinations that no one would dare attack. In the end, they had the opposite effect. Two huge alliances emerged.
question

What two large alliances took shape before the beginning of World War I?
answer

The Triple Alliance, made up of Germany, Italy, and Austria-Hungary; and the Triple Entente, made up of France, Britain, and Russia.
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Why did Germany form alliances with Italy and Austria Hungary?
answer

Germany formed forces with Italy beacuse they trusted them and knew they would be loyal. They formed alliances with Austria Hungary to have more power during war and beacuse the were friends. To protect itself against a potential attack by France and/or Russia
question

How did Germany feel about the other great powers?
answer

Germany thought the other great powers did not give it enough respect.
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How did other great powers feel about Germany?
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Germany, the newest of the great powers, was growing into an economic and military powerhouse and other powers felt threatened by its rapid economic growth.
question

Why did Austrain Leaders send Serbia an ultimatum that they knew Serbain leader would refuse to honor?
answer

Austria sent Serbia a sweeping ultimatum, or final set of demands. To avoid war, said the ultimatum, Serbia must end all anti-Austrian agitation and punish any Serbian official involved in the murder plot. It must even let Austria join in the investigation. Serbia agreed to most, but not all, of the terms of Austria’s ulti- matum. This partial refusal gave Austria the opportunity it was seeking. On July 28, 1914, Austria declared war on Serbia.
question

How did international competition and nationalism increase tensions in Europe?
answer

Economic competition, imperial rivalries, and an arms race created antagonism between great powers. Nationalism contributed to the situation, and it threatened central authority in Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman empire.
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How did Germany encourage Austria’s actions?
answer

Though French leaders had some doubts, they gave Russia the same kind of backing Germany offered to Austria. When Germany demanded that France keep out of the conflict, France refused. Germany then declared war on France.
question

What happened beacuse of the assasination of Franis Ferdinand and wife?
answer

The assassinations triggered World War I, called “The Great War” by people at the time. Austria blamed Serbia for their deaths and because Germany was an ally they got involved.
question

How was France drawn into the war?
answer

After Austria’s declaration of war, Serbia turned to its ally, Russia, the champion of Slavic nations. From St. Petersburg, Nicholas II telegraphed William II. The tsar asked the kaiser to urge Austria to soften its demands. When this plea failed, Russia began to mobilize, or prepare its military forces for war. On August 1, Germany responded by declaring war on Russia. Russia, in turn, appealed to its ally France. In Paris, nationalists saw a chance to avenge France’s defeat in the Franco-Prussian War. Though French leaders had some doubts, they gave Russia the same kind of backing Germany offered to Austria.
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Why did Britain delclare war?
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Outraged by the invasion of Belgium, Britain declared war on Germany on August 4.
question

How did the alliance system deepen the original conflict between Austria-Hungary and Serbia into a general war?
answer

Alliances drew more and more countries into what began as a regional conflict. Russia stood by its ally, Serbia. France in turn stood by its ally, Russia. Undecided Britain was drawn in when Germany invaded neutral Belgium.

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