Two Front War Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Two Front War?
The two-front war is a military strategy in which two different countries are simultaneously attacked by one power. This type of warfare has been used throughout history, usually when a country wants to take control of another and prevent that country from allying with other nations. The most notable example of the two-front war was World War II where Nazi Germany fought against both the Allied forces in the west and Russia in the east.The term two-front war originated from Prussian military strategist Carl von Clausewitz’s discussion of two-pronged wars in his book On War. According to Clausewitz, a two-pronged attack had its advantages as it could be used to divide an enemy’s forces and create confusion about where their main focus should be placed. He went on to say that such an attack could be conducted on either side of an enemy or over land and sea, allowing for greater flexibility when it came to launching attacks.The disadvantage of the two-pronged strategy is that it requires significant resources and manpower on both fronts simultaneously, leaving a nation vulnerable if they are not able to keep up with their commitments on both fronts at once. Additionally, if one front fails while the other succeeds, then there may not be enough resources left over to continue fighting on both sides effectively resulting in defeat for the attacking nation. In modern times, this strategy has been employed less frequently due to technological advancements such as air power which allow for more focused attacks instead of spreading out resources across multiple fronts. However, there have been cases where this strategy has been utilized successfully such as during Operation Desert Storm in 1991 when Iraq was forced back from Kuwait by simultaneous attacks from coalition forces from both directions; one coming from Saudi Arabia and another coming from Turkey/Syria/Jordan regions. Overall, while the two-front war remains an option within military strategy today it is rarely employed due its complexity & resource requirements making successful outcomes difficult without proper planning & execution.