Pre Civil War Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Pre Civil War?
The pre-Civil War period of the United States, from 1815 to 1861, was a time of immense economic, social and political transformation. During this period, the country underwent massive changes in its economy as it developed from an agrarian society to an industrial power. The country also experienced intense social changes as slavery became deeply entrenched in Southern society and the number of free African Americans increased in the North. Meanwhile, the nation’s politics were shaped by deep divisions between Northern and Southern states on issues such as slavery that eventually culminated with secession and war.Economically, this period saw rapid industrialization take place in both the North and South. This was largely driven by advances in transportation technology such as canals and railroads which allowed for rapid transfer of goods across large distances. In addition to these transportation advances new machinery was invented which allowed for mass production of goods at lower costs than ever before seen. These developments allowed for urbanization to take place throughout both regions as people began moving into cities where job opportunities were plentiful due to increased manufacturing activity taking place there. Socially, this era saw increasing divisions between free African Americans living in Northern states who often had access to more rights than those living in Southern states where slavery was still legal. In addition, issues such as race relations between white citizens and African Americans became increasingly politicized leading up to conflicts over events like Bleeding Kansas prior to open warfare breaking out during the Civil War itself. Politically speaking, this era saw intense debates over how much power should be given or taken away from certain states due largely to differences between slave versus non-slave states on issues like tariffs or federal funds for internal improvements projects such as canals or railroads being built with funds from Washington D.C. This eventually led some Southern states seceding from union resulting in full-scale warfare when President Abraham Lincoln refused their demands for independence leading up directly into Civil War itself which lasted from 1861 until 1865 with a Union victory ending it altogether. Overall then pre-Civil War period (18151861) can be seen as a time when drastic economic development took place alongside heated debates over social issues like race relations that ultimately erupted into full scale civil war over political disputes related mainly around differences between slave versus non-slave states on key topics such as tariffs or federal funding for internal improvement projects being built using money coming out of Washington D.C.