Congress Of Vienna Flashcards, test questions and answers
Discover flashcards, test exam answers, and assignments to help you learn more about Congress Of Vienna and other subjects. Don’t miss the chance to use them for more effective college education. Use our database of questions and answers on Congress Of Vienna and get quick solutions for your test.
What is Congress Of Vienna?
The Congress of Vienna was an influential political conference that began in 1814 and lasted until June 9, 1815. It marked the end of the Napoleonic Wars, as well as a period of adjustment to a new balance of power in Europe. Representatives from Russia, Prussia, Austria, Britain and France convened with minor European states to discuss the future shape of Europe. The main goals of the Congress were to reorganize Europe after Napoleon’s defeat and create a system that would ensure lasting peace.The Congress was attended by leading statesmen from all over Europe, including Tsar Alexander I of Russia; King Frederick William III of Prussia; Emperor Francis I (formerly Francis II)of Austria; King Louis XVIII of France; Lord Castlereagh (Robert Stewart) representing Britain; and Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-PÃ©rigord representing France. Together they discussed issues such as the return to legitimate monarchies in countries where Napoleon had set up various republics or puppet states; security against further French aggression or interference in European affairs; control over Italy, Germany and Poland; military alliances among European powers for collective defense against other potential aggressors like Turkey or Russia; compensation for losses suffered during wartime by some countries but not others (Britain received large war indemnities from France); religious freedom for Protestants in predominantly Catholic countries like Austria and Bavaria; trade regulations such as free navigation on rivers like the Rhine which were important for commerce between nations and so forth. Ultimately the primary goal was to prevent any one country from becoming too powerfula lesson learned from Napoleon’s dominationand thus ensure stability throughout Europe. To this end a major treaty called The Final Act was drafted which created a series of mutual defense pacts among many countries designed to check any nation’s power if it got too strong militarily or economically while also creating economic cohesion through free trade zones such as Belgium-Holland Trade Association (since 1814). In addition, new boundaries were drawn across Europe based on nationality rather than geography with many small kingdoms being created such as Bavaria or WÃ¼rttemberg while others dissolved into larger ones like Saxony merging into Prussia.