Ancient India Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Ancient India?
Ancient India was one of the most influential civilizations in history. It is often referred to as the cradle of civilization and is credited with having a major impact on the development of many aspects of culture, including religion, philosophy, art, language and literature. Ancient India was also a major economic power during its time period and had an extensive trade network that extended from Southeast Asia to Africa and Europe.The earliest known civilization in India dates back to around 3000 BC with the Indus Valley Civilization located in the northwest region that is now modern-day Pakistan. This civilization is significant because it was one of the first urban civilizations in history, meaning it was highly organized with large cities featuring reliable water systems and public baths. The Indus Valley Civilization also developed a writing system that remains largely undeciphered today. This civilization eventually declined around 1700 BC due to unknown causes but its influence can still be seen in Indian culture today through their enduring city plans and religious practices such as yoga or meditation. In addition to the Indus Valley Civilization, ancient India has given rise to many other important civilizations such as Magadha (600 – 300 BC) which unified much of northern India under one rule for more than two centuries creating strong political stability between warring states throughout this period; Maurya (320 – 185 BC) which saw an even further expansion across northern and southern parts of India; Gupta (320 – 550 AD), which saw cultural flourishing; Pala Empire (750 – 1174 AD); Chola Empire (900 – 1279 AD); Delhi Sultanate (1206 1526 AD); Mughal Empire (1526 1858 AD) which left behind beautiful monuments like Taj Mahal; Maratha Confederacy (1674-1818). These empires helped shape modern day Indian culture by influencing language, architecture, music and fashion. Ancient India’s rich history has left behind many artifacts such as temples, sculptures, coins and pottery pieces but it has also left an even greater legacy: its influence on modern day culture throughout South Asia as well as all over the world. The arts have been greatly shaped by Ancient Indian traditions while certain religious beliefs have been passed down through generations making them part of our everyday lives today.