Israel Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Israel?
Israel is a country located in the Middle East, on the southwestern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan to the east, and Egypt to the southwest. Israel has a long and rich history that spans thousands of years and is home to many different religions and cultures.Israel was officially declared a state in 1948 after centuries of occupation by various empires. Its population consists primarily of Jewish people with sizable minorities of Muslims, Christians and Druze communities. The nation’s capital is Jerusalem and its official language is Hebrew with Arabic being widely spoken as well.Throughout its history, Israel has faced numerous challenges from its neighbors including wars over land disputes. In recent years it has been particularly affected by terrorism from militant groups like Hamas which have caused great concern for both Israelis and Palestinians alike. Despite this instability however, Israel remains one of the most prosperous countries in the Middle East with a thriving economy based on agriculture, technology, tourism as well as oil exports. It also boasts vibrant culture that includes world-renowned cuisine such as falafel and hummus; music ranging from traditional folk songs to modern hip hop; art galleries showcasing works from local artists; historical sites like Masada; modern cities like Tel Aviv; religious attractions such as Jerusalem’s Western Wall; natural wonders like Ein Gedi National Park; and much more. The Israeli government prides itself on being an open democracy committed to protecting human rights despite ongoing conflict in its region something that many other nations cannot claim. While it still struggles with violence perpetrated by extremist groups within its borders as well as political tensions between itself and some neighboring countries that have yet to recognize Israel’s right to exist peacefully it continues to strive toward peace through dialogue instead of warfare whenever possible. All things considered Israel is an incredible country worth visiting for both tourists interested in exploring its diverse culture or those simply seeking respite amidst breathtaking natural beauty.