SPCH COMM CH 12

question

Audiences tend to listen more carefully during the ____________ of a speech.
answer

beginning and ending
question

A(n) __________ asks audience members to actively imagine something.
answer

hypothetical example
question

Marsha is a talented speaker and she has developed a level of comfort with speaking such that she is able to compose her speaking notes on napkins while drinking her morning coffee. During an hour-long speech she gave recently, Marsha felt confident in her points but noticed her audience’s attention waning after her introduction. Which of the following options should Marsha have written to distribute to her audience in addition to her speaking notes?
answer

Formal outline
question

“It’s clear that overfishing is a serious threat to the black cod population in our waters,” Marshawn said in the introduction of his recent speech about sustainable black cod fishing, “but what are our alternatives?” Remembering the functions of transitions mentioned in Chapter 12, Marshawn’s transitional question suggests ____________.
answer

an internal preview
question

Which of the following techniques is an instance of supporting a point with statistics?
answer

Incorporating relevant data, either through concrete images or citation
question

Which of the following speech subjects would be best organized in a climax pattern?
answer

A suspenseful narrative that could draw an audience’s interest
question

A(n) __________ gives your audience a literal explanation for key terms in your speech and can be especially helpful if those terms are unfamiliar to your audience or are being used in an unusual way.
answer

definition
question

In a recent speech to the members of his labor union, Gabriel started his introduction on a humorous note by telling a brief story about his encounter with a man at a bus stop earlier that week. Gabriel then explained how this meeting was related to the union’s recent disputes with the management of several companies. Gabriel’s story was an instance of using a(n) ____________ to support a point in a speech.
answer

anecdote
question

A ____________ pattern organizes a speech based on chronology.
answer

time
question

Which of the following techniques is an instance of supporting a point with an anecdote?
answer

Telling a relevant story about a personal experience
question

Alan Monroe’s Motivated Sequence is an example of which speech organizing pattern?
answer

Problem-solution
question

A(n) ____________ outline uses a consistent format and set of symbols to identify the structure of ideas.
answer

formal
question

A(n) __________ is a brief personal story used to illustrate or support a point in a speech.
answer

anecdote
question

A ____________ pattern organizes a speech by describing an unsatisfactory state of affairs and then proposing a plan to remedy the problem.
answer

problem-solution
question

Jan spent several hours last night writing and formatting a presentable outline to accompany her presentation at today’s meeting. She printed a copy for herself, but now that she’s standing in front of her coworkers at the meeting, she realizes that she’s not sure how to fill in the gaps between points on her outline. Which of the following options should Jan have written in addition to the presentable outline?
answer

Keyword outline
question

A(n) __________ asks audience members to actively imagine something.
answer

hypothetical example
question

In her recent speech on the potential economic consequences of Detroit’s bankruptcy filing, Emily followed her introduction by describing the problems faced by several suburban areas near the city, moving west to east in order of the areas’ positions around Detroit on a map, and finishing with a description of the consequences for the city itself. Based on the descriptions of speech organizing patterns in Chapter 12, Emily’s speech seems to have been organized in a ____________ pattern.
answer

space
question

A(n) ____________ outline is a construction tool used to map out your speech.
answer

working
question

Which of the following techniques is an instance of supporting a point with an example?
answer

Mentioning a specific instance that reflects your larger point
question

“Disastrous oil spills in the Gulf of Mexico, though damaging, aren’t the most common danger to wildlife in the Mississippi River Delta,” Sedrick said in a recent speech about dangers faced by wildlife in the Mississippi River Delta. Remembering the functions of transitions mentioned in Chapter 12, Sedrick’s transition indicates ____________.
answer

how a subpoint relates to the main point
question

Many teachers suggest that your ____________ should have just enough information listed to jog your memory but not enough to get lost in.
answer

speaking notes
question

In a recent speech to the members of his labor union, Gabriel started his introduction on a provocative note by sharing a story about a debate he had with a store manager earlier that week when he had tried to return a defective coffeemaker. After telling the story, Gabriel compared several aspects of this exchange to the union’s recent disputes with the management of several companies. Gabriel’s explanation for how his story was related to the union’s recent disputes was an instance of using a(n) ____________ to support a point in a speech.
answer

analogy
question

Which of the following speech subjects would be best organized in a time pattern?
answer

An examination of attitudes toward a subject at different points in hist
question

Which of the following is a primary function of a bibliographic citation?
answer

To enable others to find your source if they choose
question

Which of the following techniques is an instance of supporting a point with testimony?
answer

Referring to a relevant quotation from a highly credible mathematician
question

Which of the following speech subjects would be best organized in a topic pattern?
answer

A plan with different consequences for each of several well-known groups
question

Many teachers suggest that your ____________ should have just enough information listed to jog your memory but not enough to get lost in.
answer

speaking notes
question

Which of the following speech subjects would be best organized in a wave pattern?
answer

An address involving one memorable sentence that applies to each point
question

In a recent speech to the members of his labor union, Gabriel started his introduction on a serious note by telling a story about a news article he read that described a man protesting his working conditions. The man, Gabriel said, had encountered difficulties in his workplace that were similar to the union’s recent disputes with the management of several companies. Gabriel’s use of the man who was protesting his working conditions was an instance of using a(n) __________ to support a point in a speech.
answer

example
question

A(n) __________ is an extended comparison that can be used as supporting material in a speech.
answer

analogy
question

In a speech, __________ prove(s) a point by citing an authoritative source.
answer

testimony
question

Which of the following options is considered to be the ideal number of main points in a formal outline?
answer

3 to 5
question

Which of the following options is considered to be the ideal number of subpoints for each main point in an outline?
answer

3 to 5
question

A ____________ pattern organizes a speech by arranging points according to logical types or categories.
answer

topic
question

A __________ pattern organizes a speech by incorporating repetitions and variations of themes and ideas.
answer

wave
question

Which of the following speech subjects would be best organized in a topic pattern?
answer

A plan with different consequences for each of several well-known groups
question

A ____________ pattern organizes a speech by arranging points according to their physical location.
answer

space
question

A ____________ pattern organizes a speech by describing an unsatisfactory state of affairs and then proposing a plan to remedy the problem.
answer

problem-solution
question

In a recent speech to the members of his labor union, Gabriel started his introduction on a serious note by telling a story about a news article he read that described a man protesting his working conditions. The man, Gabriel said, had encountered difficulties in his workplace that were similar to the union’s recent disputes with the management of several companies. Gabriel’s use of the man who was protesting his working conditions was an instance of using a(n) __________ to support a point in a speech.
answer

example
question

A ____________ pattern organizes a speech by building ideas to the point of maximum interest or tension.
answer

climax
question

The inverted pyramid, an organizational format that puts the most important ideas in the first few paragraphs, was developed in the field of ____________.
answer

journalism
question

Which of the following speech subjects would be best organized in a cause-and-effect pattern?
answer

An explanation of the results of a scientific experiment
question

Marsha is a talented speaker and she has developed a level of comfort with speaking such that she is able to compose her speaking notes on napkins while drinking her morning coffee. During an hour-long speech she gave recently, Marsha felt confident in her points but noticed her audience’s attention waning after her introduction. Which of the following options should Marsha have written to distribute to her audience in addition to her speaking notes?
answer

Formal outline
question

Which of the following speech subjects would be best organized in a wave pattern?
answer

An address involving one memorable sentence that applies to each point
question

Which kind of outline is meant to be written informally because its contents are subject to change?
answer

Working outline

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member