Sociological Perspective For Health And Social Care Sociology
Sociological Perspective For Health And Social Care Sociology

Sociological Perspective For Health And Social Care Sociology

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  • Pages: 8 (3674 words)
  • Published: August 20, 2017
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Introduction

Health and societal attention practicians should analyze sociology to derive a better apprehension of the relationships between worlds and the ways in which administrations affect persons. This essay will analyze the sociological positions that may be used by wellness and societal attention practicians to understand the broad scope of subjects within wellness and societal attention. Initially, the history of sociology will be discussed, along with the chief positions that constitute sociology. The connexions between sociology and wellness and societal attention will be outlined so that the reader will understand why this is an of import subject. Following this, a treatment of the Medical Model will be presented, and the subject of wellness inequalities will be introduced. The political docket of wellness and societal attention is so mentioned.

As sociology is the survey of human behavioral interactions, there is a great trade of connexion between this societal scientific discipline and subjects within the wellness and societal attention field. How society and societal forces affect the wellness of persons is a pertinent subject for survey for those pupils who wish t

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o prosecute a calling in wellness and societal attention.

Sociological Positions and the History of Sociology

Sociology is a societal scientific discipline that has arisen from theoretical positions in doctrine and political theory. It is scientific in that it uses informations that has been gathered from surveies of human interactions to supply grounds for theories in relation to those interactions. As a subject, sociology has developed otherwise within different civilizations ; for illustration, German sociology diverged dramatically from the remainder of the universe during the Nazi epoch ( Maus, 1962 ) . In kernel, sociology is the survey of how society is organised and how persons function within society. Sociology is hence the survey of worlds acting in groups. It portions some similarities with psychological science which is the survey of single human behavior, and each of the societal scientific discipline subjects can feed into the grounds base for the others. Sociology pupils want to understand the construction and kineticss of society and connexions between human behaviors. Forms of societal construction including groups, administrations and communities are examined, every bit good as the interactions within and between these societal constructions, and how they affect individuals’ attitudes and behavior.

There are a figure of positions within sociology, the chief positions being Functionalism, Marxism, Feminism, Interactionism, the New Right, Postmodernism and Collectivism. Some of these positions may unite such as Marxist Feminism ( Whelehan, 1995 ) or Feminist Postmodernism ( Nicholson, 2013 ) . There is no individual overarching position when it comes to sociological theory. Sociologists ask many inquiries about the universe, and societal theory provides replies ; nevertheless, these replies frequently merely work for a peculiar clip, topographic point, and circumstance, and may belie each other ( Ritzer, 1994 ) . The sociology pupil must hence be tolerant of ambiguity and understand that there is frequently non one individual reply t

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these issues. Some facets of societal theory can be transferred between civilizations and over coevalss, but others may go disused if they are unable to be flexible to alter.

Functionalism

This position is an early version of sociology, looking at the societal construction as a whole and how it functions. Functionalism linked sociology with biological science ( Giddens, 1987 ) in an effort to do what had been philosophical theory more scientific. Therefore, as with biological beings consisting of cells and systems, in functionalism the society is built on persons and administrations, households and communities. Inequalities in society are seen as helpful to the society as they maintain the system and guarantee the smooth running of societies.

Marxism

Karl Marx wrote about the inequalities in society, the category battle between the Bourgeoisie ( minority elite ) and Proletariat ( bulk lower class ) . Marx was concerned chiefly with capitalist economy, the work force and the disaffection of the worker from the merchandise, but the Marxist theories can be extended to healthcare, for case, in that many health care systems in the capitalist universe are based around fiscal ability. Even in the UK where we have the National Health Service ( NHS ) , it could be argued that we have a two-tier health care system in that if a individual can afford to, they will entree private medical specialty. Marx was concerned with capitalist economy and how monetary value competition was fierce at the clip he was developing his theory, which drove down the rewards of the laborer ( Ritzer, 1994 ) . This became irrelevant in ulterior old ages as the capitalist system changed and competition was focused on marketing runs instead than monetary value ; nevertheless, the issue has become pertinent once more in recent old ages as low rewards are now an issue once more, and have been linked to poverty steps including hapless wellness and hapless instruction.

Feminism

Feminism has been conceptualised as a series of moving ridges, in that different coevalss of women’s rightists have protested the inequalities in society between work forces and adult females ( Whelehan, 1995 ) . The feminist position on sociology is that society is ruled by work forces to the hurt of adult females, that society should be more equal ( and modern women’s rightists include intersectionalities in their statements sing equality, in that racism, agism and bias against different genders and abilities are besides relevant subjects to discourse ) , and that women’s lives have been ignored by historiographers and sociologists in the yesteryear but could supply valuable penetration. Politically, feminism has had a immense impact, and in footings of wellness and societal attention, there are a great many ways in which taking a feminist position will help in understanding social forces. For illustration, in looking at the function of the carer, which has traditionally been seen as a woman’s function, are female carers really more prevailing than male or is it possible that male carers are ignored because they are non recognised for their lovingness function ( and may non recognize themselves as such ) ? Is the function

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