Practice Exam, Ch. 1

The word geography comes from the Greek, meaning ________.
Earth description
Which of the following is NOT a major topic taught in a course of introductory physical geography?
Earth’s “life zone” in the atmosphere extends from Earth’s surface to an altitude of approximately ________ kilometers.
Which of the following is NOT a topic of study in a physical geography course?
capital cities
Geography is ________.
a combination of physical and social sciences
Geography has much to offer to the study of globalization because it ________.
is not a narrow discipline
In science, the term “theory” is ________.
the highest order of understanding
The acceptance of a theory or hypothesis is based on ________.
a preponderance of evidence
Which of the following is out of order in the ideal application of the scientific method?
make a hypothesis
The ________ is a basic unit of distance in the Système International (metric system).
The ________ is a basic Système International (metric system) unit of mass.
The solid, inorganic portion of the Earth system is known as the ________.
Which of the following subsystems includes all living things on Earth?
The Sun is a star in the ________ galaxy.
Milky Way
A nebula is ________.
a cloud of gas and dust
The surfaces of the inner, terrestrial planets of our solar system are composed of ________.
mineral matter
The Earth is one of ________ planets in the solar system.
Pluto is now classified as a ________.
Earth is ________.
one of the inner planets
The shape of the Milky Way is similar to a(n) ________.
spiral-shaped disk
________ is considered a dwarf planet.
Pluto was long thought to be a planet. New discoveries in the Kuiper Belt have changed its official designation to ________.
The Universe is thought to be on the order of ________ billion years old.
The birth of the solar system occurred ________.
about 5 billion years ago
The origin of the universe is incompletely understood and is called ________.
the “Big Bang”
The Milky Way is one of, at least, ________ galaxies in the Universe.
two hundred billion
The Milky Way is a galaxy some ________ light years in diameter.
The solar system’s Jovian planets are most likely composed of ________.
The Moon is some ________ kilometers distant from Earth.
The size of the Universe is best described ________.
as vast beyond comprehension
The Milky Wave is one of over ________ galaxies in the universe.
many billions
After it was part of a nebula and before it was the Sun, our Sun was a ________.
Earth’s diameter is ________ kilometers.
The first nearly correct measurement of the Earth’s circumference was made by ________.
The response to Earth’s rotation is ________.
polar flattening
Eratosthenes was the first to accurately measure the Earth’s ________.
The best description of the actual shape of the Earth is as a(n) ________.
oblate spheroid
________ is the deepest spot in the ocean.
The Mariana Trench
The altitudinal difference (relief) between the top of the tallest mountain and the bottom of the deepest ocean trench is ________ kilometers.
A cross section of Earth cut from pole to pole would reveal which shape?
Mt. Everest is the tallest mountain on Earth and its altitude is CLOSEST to ________ meters.
The Earth’s polar and equatorial diameters vary by ________ percent
The line connecting the points of maximum flattening on Earth’s surface is called the ________.
A ________ separates Earth into two hemispheres.
great circle
) Our earthly grid system is also referred to as a ________ and consists of lines of latitude and longitude.
) Of the following, which is a great circle?

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