Origins of the Cold War

The Cold War was a period of history during which
the United States and the Soviet Union mistrusted each other.
People who lived in eastern bloc countries after World War II could not
participate in government.
Which of the following phrases best describes West Germany after World War II?
democratic government
The United Nations was created in 1945 with the purpose of
maintaining world peace
The goal of the United States in drawing up the Marshall Plan was to
strengthen the economies of Europe.
After World War II, the Soviet Union designated many of the countries of Eastern Europe as ____ states.
satellite
When the western allies created West Germany as a nation in 1948, how did the Soviet Union respond?
It established a blockade of West Berlin.
Which countries were made permanent members of the UN’s Security Council in 1945? Select all that apply.
United States
Soviet Union
France
Great Britain
China
How did the Soviets respond when East Berliners defected to the

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West in large numbers?
They built a wall separating East and West Berlin.
The map below shows Germany after World War II. Which statements accurately describes the map? Select all that apply.
Berlin was located in the Soviet zone.
The US, Britain, and France occupied western Germany.
Berlin was the capital of Germany.
Which president established a policy that was named after him and that declared the United States would help any nation resist Communism?
Harry Truman
The Berlin Wall became a symbol of the Cold War because it
literally divided the East and the West.
To stop the spread of Communism after World War II, the United States established a policy known as
containment.
Which of the following statements describes how the crisis in Berlin in 1948-1949 was concluded?
The blockade was lifted, and Berlin remained divided.
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