International Marketing
International Marketing

International Marketing

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  • Pages: 7 (3410 words)
  • Published: December 25, 2018
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A firm’s international marketing program must generally be

modified and adapted to foreign markets. This international

marketing program uses strategies to accomplish its

marketing goals. Within each foreign nation, the firm is

likely to find a combination of marketing environment and

target markets that are different from those of its own home

country and other foreign countries. It is important that in

international marketing, product, pricing, distribution and

promotional strategies be adapted accordingly. In order for

an international firm to function properly, cultural, social,

economic, and legal forces within the country must be

clearly understood. The task of International marketing is

more difficult and risky than expected by many firms.

One of the most controlling factors of international

marketing is management. It is very important for managers

to recognize the differences as well as similarities in buyer

behavior. Many mistakes can occur if managers fail to

realize that buyers differ from country to country. It is the

international differences in buyer behavior, rather than

similarities, which cause problems in successful international

marketing. An international marketing manager is a

manager responsible for facilitating the exchange of

products between the organization and its customers or

clients. Sometimes an international marketing manager will

find difficulties in completing the exchange of products.

Many surprises in international business are undesirable

human mistakes. An international corporation must fully

understand the foreign environment before pursuing

business matters. Problems constantly crop up and many

times have unexpected results. Sometimes these

unexpected results are unavoidable. Other times they are

avoidable. To be sure those avoidable situations do not

occur, international marketing managers must be aware of

cultural differences.

Cultural difference

...

s take place among most nations of the

world. Differences in culture are one of the most significant

factors in an international company. All nationalities posses

unique characteristics, which are unknown to many

foreigners. Many of the top international businesses are

unaware of these cultural differences. It is very important to

understand these cultures in order to market a product

successfully. As an example, different nationalities have

different beliefs on how business matters should take place.

Where some countries prefer to work with a deadline other

countries can take this as being offensive. Many countries

feel it is an insult to be asked to work under a set time

period. A country may feel that a deadline is threatening

and may feel backed into a corner. On the other hand,

other countries try to expedite matters by setting deadlines.

To be effective in a foreign market it is necessary to

understand the local customs. Knowing what to do in a

foreign country is as important as knowing what not to do.

Failure to understand local customs can lead to serious

misunderstandings between business people. The simple

rejection of a cup of coffee can lead to total confusion. The

decline of an invite is sometimes considered an affront. To

avoid making blunders, a person must be able to discern

the difference between what is acceptable behavior and

what is not acceptable behavior. Violations of a local

custom can be insulting, and can cause uncomfortable

situations. To be a successful manager of international

marketing, one must be able to discern the differences as to

what must and must not be done. It is almost impossible to

attain complete knowledge and understanding of a foreign

culture.

As established, culture plays an important role in the drama

of international marketing. Of all the cultural aspects,

communication may be the most critical. It is certain that

communication has been involved in a

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number of cultural

confusion. Good communication linkages must be set

between a company and its customers, suppliers, its

employees, and the governments of the countries where it

performs business activities. Poor communication can

obviously cause various difficulties. One source of difficulty

among starting companies is that of effective

communication with potential buyers. The problem is that

there are many possible communication barriers.

Sometimes messages can be translated incorrectly,

regulations overlooked, and economic differences can be

ignored. Other times when the message does arrive, its

ineffectiveness can cause it to be of no value. Every now

and then a buyer will receive the message, but to the

companies disappointment, the message was sent incorrect.

It is normal in multinational businesses to send and receive

messages on a regular basis. Many well-known people

have incapacitated public speech introductions by using

inaccurate titles and names. Not all communication

problems are verbal. Some serious problems have

occurred as a result of non-verbal communication.

Non-verbal communication exist in numerous forms.

Sometimes a person’s appearance can convey a stronger

message than intended. Untidy attire, for example, can be

more offensive in some nations than in others. The local

people often are willing to overlook most of the mistakes

made by tourist. On the other hand, locals are less tolerant

of the errors of business people. It is very important to be

able to interpret the different means of communication in

international marketing.

In America, we sometimes take for granted the display of

products on the market. However, in other nations such

product array and selection do not always exist. It is

important to understand that even if local customers can

afford a certain product, they may not always want it. If by

chance are interested, it may be only if it is substantially

modified to fit their local preferences and taste. These

adaptations exist in the form of product and package. The

alteration of a material product is sometimes required to

match the product to local taste and conditions. Adaptation

of the package is often needed to attract customers to the

product. Many times adaptation is also used to maintain a

product’s righteousness in a unique environment. A firm is

occasionally forced to modify both the product and the

package to create an appropriate product for the new

market. Some products may require more technical

modification than others may. Measurement systems vary

between countries, and often components need to be

adjusted to cleave to local standards. The need for product

adaptation has existed for many years. In 1857 England’s

East India Company possibly lost control of India because

it failed to modify a product it provided. A product may be

well acceptable in markets, but may not sell if housed in an

inappropriate package. Packages promote the product and

they protect it. International packaging must be able to

withstand the journey. Some countries have exported their

products only to witness the return of crushed and

half-empty containers. Packaging can sometimes bring

embarrassment to a company. Medical containers made in

the U.S. drew unwanted attention because they carried the

instructions “Take off top and push in bottom.” These

messages was harmless here in America, but were sexual

and humorous connotations to the British. Often the choice

of package and product is difficult. Sometimes companies

have failed to sell their products overseas because of the

packaging of a product. Each firm must determine the area

most appropriate for its product. Determining the region

where it is most appropriate to market a product is not

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