Health, Safety and Security in Health and Social Care Essay Example
Health, Safety and Security in Health and Social Care Essay Example

Health, Safety and Security in Health and Social Care Essay Example

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  • Pages: 4 (941 words)
  • Published: September 15, 2017
  • Type: Case Study
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Routine safety inspections of objects and equipment, including toys for signs of wear such as rust or fraying, are essential for practitioners. Climbing frames and slides must be inspected for cleanliness and dryness prior to children using them, as wet surfaces pose a slip-and-fall hazard. An impact-absorbing mat should be placed beneath climbing frames with slides to prevent injuries from falling.

To ensure children's safety in the outdoor playground, practitioners must check for hazardous waste and monitor equipment usage. Proper precautions will prevent injuries ranging from minor cuts and bruises to more serious harm. Practitioners should also exercise caution when handling waste to avoid infections by using designated bins for specific types of refuse. Soiled items like nappies, gloves, and dressings should be disposed of in sealed bags within a covered nappy disposal tub before being plac


ed regularly into a large waste disposable bin to deter infection spread. When performing nursery tasks such as meal preparation, personal protective clothing like aprons, gloves, and masks must be worn. Different colored aprons and gloves for various duties such as cleaning up or changing nappies should be used accordingly.

Wearing personal protective clothing by practitioners is crucial in reducing the spread of infection. This prevents infection from getting onto their clothes or hands and spreading it to the next person they come into contact with. In health and social care, challenging behavior can often arise. In nurseries, practitioners use designated bed linen for each child during naptime, which is washed weekly or if visibly dirty. Clean linen is separated from used or soiled bedding, helping to prevent cross-infection. Soiled clothing is either placed in a bag for parents/carers to collec

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or put in the laundry if consent is given. Security systems, including confidentiality, are put in place to protect children and staff. Confidentiality is a legal requirement under the Data Protection Act 1998 and an individual's right to have information kept confidential.Confidential information must be properly stored in an office filing cabinet to which only the manager or deputy manager has access via a lock or key. Likewise, information stored on computers must require a secret password to ensure that only authorized personnel are granted access.

Ensuring confidentiality is crucial because if breached, parents' trust in the practitioners and organization may be lost. A breach of confidentiality could lead to hazards like a practitioner revealing personal information about children to strangers or other parents, which could endanger the child and family. To maintain security in a nursery, practitioners employ various security systems like intercoms, signing in and out books, and CCTV. An intercom allows practitioners to see or hear who is attempting to gain access to the nursery, which is particularly important during home time. This way, no child would be handed over to anyone other than their parent or relative without producing a note or password. A signing in and out book helps monitor the movement of staff, visitors, and children within the setting. Practitioners should keep the books up-to-date, even when leaving the building to ensure safety during emergencies like a fire outbreak. Failure to put these security systems in place could lead to hazards such as strangers gaining access to the nursery or children wandering off without supervision from a parent/carer or practitioner.

Child protection practitioners work to protect children from various forms of

abuse and harm. Neglect occurs when a child's basic needs are consistently unmet, resulting in physical and psychological problems such as hunger and fear of solitude. Sexual abuse involves forcing a child into sexual activities without their consent, which can lead to post-traumatic stress disorder and anxiety. Physical symptoms may include discomfort, loss of appetite, and low self-esteem. Physical abuse is intentional harm caused by hitting or burning that could result in long-term physical disabilities.

Physical abuse of a child can lead to brain damage and emotional/behavioral issues. This may be evident in bruises appearing in unusual locations, sometimes taking the shape, pattern or imprint of the object used. Additionally, affected children may become withdrawn from physical contact during playtime. Emotional abuse is characterized by psychological or emotional harm caused by unmet needs for affection and love, which can hinder development and make it difficult to establish friendships due to feelings of unworthiness. Humiliation, bullying, swearing, shouting and constant teasing are common forms of emotional abuse. It's crucial for nurseries to prioritize safeguarding measures against harm and abuse that could occur through practitioners or at home with family members or friends. Adequate staffing levels also contribute towards this goal; a minimum ratio of one adult per three babies in the baby room, one adult per four toddlers in the toddler room and one adult per eight preschoolers in the pre-school room should be implemented as part of proper working conditions.

It is imperative to ensure safe supervision of children in nurseries, with a minimum staff-to-child ratio maintained. The level of supervision required should increase as the age of the children decreases, and ratios should be adjusted accordingly.

For instance, during field trips or other unforeseen circumstances, the number of staff present may become insufficient resulting in unsupervised children who may suffer injuries or accidents.

Nurseries use several cleaning products that include air freshener, anti-septic spray/gel, bleach, floor cleaner, milton and washing up liquids. To prevent access by children and avoid ingestion of hazardous substances causing poisoning or other health problems practitioners need to store these substances appropriately. This involves keeping lids tightly sealed and locking them in cupboards since many cleaning products are attractive to children due to their bright colors and packaging that can resemble food or drink.

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