Smoking tobacco had been popular since the Elizabethan times and at this point in time thousands of people are still killing themselves by doing something that simply is lighting tobacco wrapped in paper and inhaling the smoke – yet people continue to do it, why? Peoples rights – to and not to smoke? And the money that’s involved in this multimillionaire business, these are some of the points I will be covering in this essay. Why do people smoke? What drives someone to smoke? Generally the answers to both theses questions are simply addiction. I feel a major percentage of smokers are purely addicted to the nicotine in the cigarette.
Once someone has become a smoker, they become addicted and as nicotine is said to be more addictive than cocaine its almost impossible to give up. But how do they get started in the first place? There are many different reasons why certain people might smoke. One main reason why a younger person may start smoking is to do with “The Look”. Younger people can be lead to believe that smoking is “cool” and can make them look and seem older. Peer pressure can also drive people to start smoking as teenagers sometimes smoke to fit in to a certain group or gang.
Reason for an adult to start smoking can involve work related pressure or simply stress. Along with people’s right to smoke burning tobacco wrapped in paper, non-smokers also have a right to avoid smoke. Passive smoking is inhaling the smoke from other inconsiderate smokers. The effects of passive smok...
ing at a serious level can include a mild form of lung cancer. An example of someone who died of passive smoking is Roy Castle. He died of lung cancer through inhaling smoke whilst playing the trumpet in a nightclub, he never smoked himself. Nowadays in this society we go to great lengths to avoid smoke – if we chose.
In restaurants there’s non-smoking areas, but in places like cinemas, football grounds and airports it’s strictly ‘no smoking’. This is not only for health reasons but also safety reasons. On average over one thousand two hundred pounds is spent by every smoker every year on cigarettes. This blistering fact is the reason why the cigarette business is one of the largest in the world. Its not only the cigarette companies that are making millions off the suffering and even death of others, but the government makes substantial amounts of cash from 17.1 % tax on every packet of cigarettes sold.
This is why they don’t do anything to cut down the sale of cigarettes as they make too much money from them. Advertising is also a way in which the cigarette business generates vast amounts of cash. For example Formula 1 cars and street billboards are buzzing with cigarette adverts and even warning. These warnings are supposed to discourage people to smoke but I feel are never quite taken seriously. It’s generally the adverts on TV and the publications in films that can also drive younger people to start smoking.
For example to copy their film heroes and idols as they perhaps make it
look “cool”. So far I have explained reasons why people smoke and what people do to avoid smoke, but I’m yet to explain the punishing effects that smoking can cause and also the non-fatal effects. Hundreds of people die of smoking every year due to various smoking related diseases. The most common cause of death through smoking is lung cancer. Lung cancer is when the tar that builds up within the lungs and becomes fatal, generally causing death or for the lucky ones amputation of a lung – still not very lucky mind.
Another not so common disease caused through smoking is heart disease. Heart disease, obviously, is also fatal and also ends in death. As well as these fatal effects there are also non-fatal effects of smoking. These effects can be things such as smell – you can always tell if someone smokes as usually their clothes and even hair stinks of smoke, Yellow fingers – yellow fingers is when the tips and nails of a smokers fingers go a sort of yellow colour, this can also happen to a smokers teeth. Another effect of smoking, which is not so dangerous, but can also be fatal, is weight loss.
Smokers can also cause weight loss as the cigarette compensates for food, this can lead to anorexia. “Anyone under the age of sixteen cannot perchance a packet of cigarettes from a newsagent or any other shop”. That is what the law states when it comes to buying cigarettes. It also says, just like alcohol that “Anyone caught purchasing cigarettes for anyone under that age will be prosecuted”. When it comes to penalties for selling cigarettes to anyone under sixteen, the shopkeeper is prosecuted and usually fined.
However despite these rules anyone at any age can pick up a cigarette at home or anywhere else and smoke it without breaking the law. Personally, as a non-smoker, I have no distinct opinion on the matter of how old someone should be to smoke or buy cigarettes, but there is not a lot the police can to punish younger people when it comes to smoking, which I feel is wrong as if they’re breaking the law they should be punished as a message to discourage smoking. C10H14N2, perhaps more commonly known as the colourless oily acrid toxic liquid, nicotine.
This principal alkaloid in tobacco is responsible for people continually picking up that cigarette and smoking it. Nicotine is said to be more addictive than cocaine or even heroin, this being good new for cigarette companies and the government but not so good news for the addicted customer. There is nearly as much money being made from people trying to give up smoking, as there is smoking. Thousands of people every year spend money on products such as patches, chewing gum and even visiting hypnotherapists to try and give up this dirty habit.
With the products such as nicotine patches and chewing gum, a certain amount of nicotine is added to the body and slowly reduced till no further nicotine is needed. I have witnessed two people trying such products, one of them ending in success and quitting this
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