According to data presented by the National Center for Education Statistics in the 2011-12 academic years, college education costs between $7,701 and $27,686 for public and private colleges respectively (Zimmerman, 2014). These figures have been interpreted differently by various people. In the recent past, there have been widespread critics arguing against the need to meet these costs. Critics argue that a significant portion of these college graduates end up jobless or in underpaying jobs. However, it is evident that college education equips one with critical skills that boost their competitiveness in their future jobs. College graduates are more competitive in the job market, make more money, and obtain valuable social skills that increase their success in the job market. Therefore, earning a college degree is worth the effort and the cost.
Arthur Chickering is one of the proponents of the idea of pursuing a college degree. In the article Seven Vectors: An Overview, Chickering (1993) points out the massive advantages that a graduate enjoys over candidates holder lower level education certificates. One of the benefits outlined by Chickering is the fact that college graduates are more competitive in the job market. Regarding this, a college education is regarded an additional benefit in interviews and selection processes. Hence, an individual eying a certain job has more chances if he/she has a college degree. On the contrary, another person without the college degree stands a smaller chance of being selected over the college graduate.
egree holders enjoy the benefit of making more money. Regarding this, the graduates are likely to receive promotions if their contribution to the employer organization is positive. The college graduates are also able to choose high-paying jobs and forego the low paying jobs. However, an individual without this post-secondary education does not have the privilege of choosing between jobs. Hence, they end up picking jobs where their employers take advantage of them by paying them small amounts or subjecting them to unfair treatment (Zimmerman, 2014). Additionally, college students acquire life skills that come in handy in their future positions. The skills gained in college do not only apply inside the job but also outside work in the daily lives of the individuals.
College graduates obtain valuable social competencies in the course of their studies. The social skills come in handy in their later lives, and they help to increase their success in the job market. According to Chickering (1993), College develops competence in the graduates by equipping them with the particular roles required in their career lines. Regarding this, college lecturers stay up to date with job requirements and specifications by employees. Hence, they equip their students with the competency skills necessary to efficiently perform the assigned roles.
College education also helps students learn to manage their emotions. Chickering (1993) explains that college life is characterized with high-stress situations. The students interact with people of all social classes in their halls of residence as well as in class. At times, the student is involved in conflicting relationships either with other students or the administration. At times, the students are required to perform complex tasks
on their own with little guidance and limited resources. These situations equip the student with the strategies to manage their emotions and stress. These skills also come in handy in their future workplaces where they go through similar emotions. Particularly, the student learns to work in high-stress environments(Zimmerman, 2014). Some workplaces are demanding in the sense that employers require them to work overtime and with minimal resources. In such a situation, employees without a college education would take more time to adapt and perform efficiently.
A college degree holder portrays mature interpersonal skills necessary in establishing relationships inside and outside the workplace. The graduate develops their own identity, they pursue their own purpose, and can portray integrity while undertaking the duties assigned. Independence is another core value that college education equips the student. Chickering (1993) points out that a college degree holder can move through autonomy toward their independence. Regarding this, colleges promote independence by issuing the students with individual tasks and assignments. Here, the student learns to work independently towards the completion of the tasks. On the contrary, secondary education does not communicate these skills and the graduates often find difficulty achieving autonomy in their future workplaces.
Despite the apparent advantages of a college education, there have been massive critics against post-secondary education. Regarding this, some people argue that the advantages are not worth the effort, commitment, and investment made in pursuing the college degree. Some of the critics argue that college education is costly beyond the advantages that it offers to the graduates after they complete their studies. Most college students receive funding from institutions in the form of student loans. According to Dan Berrett (2014), student loan debts in the US have recently reached the one trillion dollar mark. The high cost of college education is one of the arguments used as the basis for the critics.
Besides the high cost of college education, the number of unemployed college graduates in on the rise. Berrett (2014) points out that over half of the graduates are unemployed. In addition to this, a significant number of the graduates hold jobs that are below their qualification, meaning that people with lower education such as high school diploma would qualify for the job they hold. This fact provides a basis for the critics to argue that college education is not worth the cost. According to data collected by the National Center for Education Statistics for the 2011-12 academic years, it costs students $7,701 in tuition and fees to complete a four-year college degree at a public campus. On the other hand, it costs the students at a private college an approximate $27,686(Zimmerman, 2014). These figures would appear to be excessive for a student about to join college and with other options such as immediate employment or a thriving business. Strohush and Wanner (2015) argue that a significant number of the students who go through higher education would likely be better off without it.
College education is admittedly a costly and tiresome experience. In some cases, college graduates feel that the education does not provide them with the deserved benefits. Critics of college education argue
- Academic Degree
- Bachelor of science
- Education System
- Educational Goals
- First Day of School
- Higher Education
- Importance Of College Education
- Language Learning
- National Honor Society
- Philosophy of Education
- Purpose of Education
- Studying Abroad
- Studying Business