Ch. 13 – Flashcard

question

fetal alcohol syndrome
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a condition caused by the mother’s alcohol intake during pregnancy
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recommended alcohol intake during pregnancy
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do not drink any alcohol
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consequences of weight gain outside the recommended range
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gaining too little weight can cause a low-birth weight baby, large weight gain can indicate onset of preeclampsia
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factors that affect lactation
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amount of nutrients
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benefits of breastfeeding- for the mother
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contracts uterus, conserves iron stores, lengthens birth intervals
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benefits of breastfeeding- for the infant
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provides optimal nutrition, fewer allergies, protection against infection
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indicators that an infant is ready for solid foods
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can grab stuff w/ his palm, can sit-up, can control head movements to differentiate between satiety & hunger
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nursing bottle syndrome
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Severe decay in baby teeth due to sleeping with a bottle of milk or juice.
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causes of nursing bottle syndrome
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a baby falling asleep while nursing a bottle or while breast feeding
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prevention of nursing bottle syndrome
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do not suck on the bottle for too long, cleaning teeth daily
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recommendations regarding childhood obesity
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carry a refillable water bottle instead of drinking soft drinks, get active (limit TV time), nutritious diet,
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folate- pregnancy
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important for decreasing the risk of neural tube defects
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iron- pregnancy
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iron supplements are recommended, the body conserves iron even more than usual
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vitamin B12- pregnancy
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assists folate in the manufacture of new cells= need lots
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protein- pregnancy
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DRI recommendation for pregnant women is an additional 25 grams per day (higher than nonpregnant women); supplements= harmful to pregnancy
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energy- pregnancy
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energy needs vary throughout pregnancy

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