Abortion Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Abortion?
Abortion is a controversial and divisive issue in society today. It has been the subject of many debates and discussions, both in the public and private realms. Abortion refers to the termination of a pregnancy before it has reached full term. The decision to abort or not can be one of the most difficult decisions a woman will ever make. It is an emotional and complex issue that involves moral, ethical, religious, philosophical, legal and medical issues.The right to abortion is defended by some on the basis of personal autonomy or individual liberty while others oppose it on religious grounds or because they view it as murder of an unborn child. Those who oppose abortion often cite religious beliefs or claim that abortion destroys a potential human life. Others argue that abortion should be allowed only under certain circumstances such as rape or danger to the mother’s health, while still others believe that women should have complete control over their own bodies and be allowed unrestricted access to abortions if desired.The debate around abortion also raises questions about how society should value life at different stages of development; whether fetuses are persons with rights; what limits (if any) should be placed on reproductive freedom; who should decide when life begins; which interests are most important: those of pregnant women or those who oppose abortion; what role governments should play in this matter; and whether there are circumstances under which terminating a pregnancy can be justified ethically.