Health for Living – Flashcards

question
Friendship increases your sense of belonging, purpose, and _____.
answer
Self worth
question
What term means speaking up for yourself without violating the rights of others?
answer
Assertiveness
question
According to Tannen, men are more likely than women to use communication to______
answer
Compete
question
In the US, who specifies the right and responsibilities of partners marriage?
answer
State government
question
True or False: Androgynous individuals display characteristics or perform tasks traditionally associated with the other sex.
answer
True
question
All of the following are parts of a woman's external genitalia except: Labia majora and Labia Minor, Mons pubis, Vagina, Clitoris
answer
vagina
question
Which hormone is principally responsible for the sex drive in women?
answer
testosterone
question
What is the order of Masters and Johnson's stages of sexual response model?
answer
Excitement, plateau, orgasm, resolution
question
In the US, what is the average age at which women experience menopause?
answer
50's
question
True or False: Sexting- sending nude, sexually explicit messages or photos electronically by cell phone- is a generally safe expression of sexuality.
answer
False
question
Mandy has been taking her temperature every morning with an accurate basal body thermometer. Mandy is most likely using which type of contraceptive?
answer
Fertility awareness method
question
The potential complications of taking oral contraceptive include all of the following except: Seizures, blood clots, heart attack, stroke
answer
Seizures
question
What is the most common method of abortion?
answer
Surgical Abortion
question
How is mifeprisone taken?
answer
Prescription pill form
question
How can infertility be caused?
answer
1/3 of the time it is caused by problems with the Fallopian tubes.
question
True or False: in general, the longer an adult woman waits to become pregnant, the higher the risk that she will have difficulties getting pregnant.
answer
True
question
How long does a typical pregnancy last?
answer
40 weeks
question
True or False: Chromosomal abnormalities decrease as maternal age increases.
answer
False
question
Women who choose to deliver their babies at home usually employ the services of a ______
answer
midwife
question
True or False: A cesarean section is commonly performed when factors relating to the mother or fetus do not allow a vaginal birth
answer
True
question
Megan suffers from candidiasis. Which type of microorganism has infected Megan?
answer
Fungus
question
Tapeworms are in which category or organisms involved in human infection and disease?
answer
Helmirth
question
The lymphocytes that monitor blood and tissue fluids are which type of cell?
answer
B cells
question
After an infection or immunization, memory cells develop and can lead to a rapid response if the same organism is encountered by the body again. This person is said to have ______.
answer
Immunity
question
True or false: A vaccine is currently available to prevent hepatitis C.
answer
False
question
The most common infectious disease in the world is
answer
Tuberculosis
question
True or False
answer
Malaria is commonly spread by poor sanitation
question
The most common STD in the United states is
answer
Human papiloma virus
question
Which of the following situations has not been shown to transmit HIV between individuals: Oral intercourse, vaginal intercourse, anal intercourse, casual contact
answer
Casual contact
question
True or False: diet, exercise, and sleeping habits can all affect the ability of your immune system to fight infections
answer
True
question
There are ___ chambers in the human heart
answer
4
question
True or False: The group of cells in the right atrium that generates the hearts electrical signal and coordinates pumping actions is called the atrial node
answer
False
question
Optimal range for blood pressure level is
answer
systolic- less than 120 diastolic- less than 80
question
Which of the following ethnic population groups has the highest rate of hypertension: Caucasian, Hispanic, Asian American, African American
answer
African American
question
What is the most important noncontrollable risk factor for cardiovascular disease?
answer
Age
question
Which of the following is not one of the known major controllable risk factors for cardiovascular disease: Tobacco use, hypertension, vitamin deficiency, high LDL cholesterol
answer
Vitamin deficiency
question
High blood levels of the amino acid _____ have been linked to increased risks of coronary artery disease and stroke.
answer
homocysteine
question
In which type of arrhythmia do the ventricles contract rapidly and erratically, causing the heart to quiver instead of beat rhythmically?
answer
Ventricular fibrillation
question
True or False: Hypnosis may be useful in helping to control hypertension and other chronic health problems.
answer
True
question
True or False: Regular small doses of aspirin are used to reduce the risk of heart attacks and strokes.
answer
True
question
Cells that are capable of unlimited division and retain the ability to become different cell types are called ____.
answer
Stem cells
question
What determines the type of cancer a person is diagnosed with?
answer
The tissue or primary site where a cancer originates.
question
A mutation in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene is associated with an increased risk for what type of cancer?
answer
Breast
question
Which of the following environments is not considered a risk factor for increase exposure to carcinogens: Farming states, industrial areas, dense forests, cities
answer
Dense forests
question
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) increases the risk for all of the following conditions except: breast cancer, heart disease, endometiral cancer, colon cancer
answer
Colon cancer
question
Colon cancer screening tests include all of the following except: flexible sigmoidoscopy, fecal occult blood test, colonoscopy, and colon-specific antigen test.
answer
Colon-specific antigen test
question
All of the following are skin cancers, except: melanoma, basal cell, sarcoma, squamous cell
answer
sarcoma
question
True or False: You should have a colonoscopy if any type of colon cancer screening produces a positive result.
answer
True
question
True or False: Chemotherapy commonly results in harm to both cancer cells and normal cells
answer
True
question
True or False: in the US, the survival rate for all types of cancer combined is over 60 percent
answer
True
question
Next to motor vehicle accidents, the most common cause of death for children between the ages of 1 and 14 is ____.
answer
Drowning
question
At present, the biggest safety problem for bicycle riders is _________.
answer
Lac of visibility to motorists
question
Batteries should be replaced in battery-powered fire detectors every ________.
answer
6 to 12 months
question
The most dangerous natural disasters that occur in the US include _________.
answer
hurricanes
question
Among the most economically developed nations in the word, the US has the highest rate of _______.
answer
Murders with firearms
question
The most widespread response of US schools increasing youth violence has been more __________.
answer
security and penalties for violence
question
The practice known as hazing is commonly used to _________________.
answer
initiate new members into a group.
question
What age rage is most likely to be victims of child abuse?
answer
9 to 11 year olds
question
Which amendment to the US constitution applies most directly to the gun control debate?
answer
second
question
True or False: Studies indicate that a handgun in the home is more likely to kill a family member than a stranger.
answer
True
question
The approach that means that the whole can be broken down into smaller parts is called the _________ approach.
answer
Reductionist
question
The CAM domain biologically-based practices includes all of the following except: herbal medicine, megavitamins, naturopathy, dietary supplements.
answer
naturopathy
question
The predominant form of health care practiced in the US is __________.
answer
conventional medicine
question
Therms used to describe conventional medicine in North America include all of the following except : western medicine, allopathic medicine, homeopathic medicine, biomedicine
answer
homeopathic
question
Acupuncture originated within what health care system?
answer
Traditional Chinese medicine
question
The burning of a tightly bound mound of herbal leaves to improve the flow of energy within the body is called _________.
answer
Moxibustion
question
Which of the following health practices is an example of a mind-body practice: Dietary supplement, herbal remedy, acupuncture, homeopathic remedy, hypnosis
answer
Hypnosis
question
In the US, herbal and dietary supplements are tested for safety by which organization?
answer
Herbal products do not require safety testing
question
The therapy that involves a practitioner using a number of different hand positions over a patient's body to channel direct healing energy is called ________.
answer
Reiki
question
Which country has the highest health care spending in the world?
answer
United States
question
Most water stored in aquifers eventually flows back into ____________.
answer
Rivers and lakes.
question
The 1974 US law that established safety standards for drinking water was the _________.
answer
Safe drinking water act.
question
The upper layer of the Earth's atmosphere is called the _______________.
answer
Stratosphere
question
Which 1990 US law established a national emission standards for more than 100 different air pollutants?
answer
Clean air act of 1990
question
What flame retardant chemical used in plastic and foam products accumulates in human tissue and may cause chromosome abnormalities?
answer
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers
question
The garbage collected by municipalities from businesses and homes in the US accounts for about _____ percent of the solid waste created in this country.
answer
1
question
Poor irrigation techniques and over-planting of crops that destroy the fertility of land result in ____________.
answer
Desertification
question
True or False: Forests are considered renewable resources regardless of how quickly they are cleared.
answer
False
question
Although the US contains 4.5 percent of the world's population, it uses ____ percent of the world's commercial energy.
answer
24
question
True or False: the maximum population level that supports and optimum standard of living is called global carrying capacity.
answer
False
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question
Friendship increases your sense of belonging, purpose, and _____.
answer
Self worth
question
What term means speaking up for yourself without violating the rights of others?
answer
Assertiveness
question
According to Tannen, men are more likely than women to use communication to______
answer
Compete
question
In the US, who specifies the right and responsibilities of partners marriage?
answer
State government
question
True or False: Androgynous individuals display characteristics or perform tasks traditionally associated with the other sex.
answer
True
question
All of the following are parts of a woman's external genitalia except: Labia majora and Labia Minor, Mons pubis, Vagina, Clitoris
answer
vagina
question
Which hormone is principally responsible for the sex drive in women?
answer
testosterone
question
What is the order of Masters and Johnson's stages of sexual response model?
answer
Excitement, plateau, orgasm, resolution
question
In the US, what is the average age at which women experience menopause?
answer
50's
question
True or False: Sexting- sending nude, sexually explicit messages or photos electronically by cell phone- is a generally safe expression of sexuality.
answer
False
question
Mandy has been taking her temperature every morning with an accurate basal body thermometer. Mandy is most likely using which type of contraceptive?
answer
Fertility awareness method
question
The potential complications of taking oral contraceptive include all of the following except: Seizures, blood clots, heart attack, stroke
answer
Seizures
question
What is the most common method of abortion?
answer
Surgical Abortion
question
How is mifeprisone taken?
answer
Prescription pill form
question
How can infertility be caused?
answer
1/3 of the time it is caused by problems with the Fallopian tubes.
question
True or False: in general, the longer an adult woman waits to become pregnant, the higher the risk that she will have difficulties getting pregnant.
answer
True
question
How long does a typical pregnancy last?
answer
40 weeks
question
True or False: Chromosomal abnormalities decrease as maternal age increases.
answer
False
question
Women who choose to deliver their babies at home usually employ the services of a ______
answer
midwife
question
True or False: A cesarean section is commonly performed when factors relating to the mother or fetus do not allow a vaginal birth
answer
True
question
Megan suffers from candidiasis. Which type of microorganism has infected Megan?
answer
Fungus
question
Tapeworms are in which category or organisms involved in human infection and disease?
answer
Helmirth
question
The lymphocytes that monitor blood and tissue fluids are which type of cell?
answer
B cells
question
After an infection or immunization, memory cells develop and can lead to a rapid response if the same organism is encountered by the body again. This person is said to have ______.
answer
Immunity
question
True or false: A vaccine is currently available to prevent hepatitis C.
answer
False
question
The most common infectious disease in the world is
answer
Tuberculosis
question
True or False
answer
Malaria is commonly spread by poor sanitation
question
The most common STD in the United states is
answer
Human papiloma virus
question
Which of the following situations has not been shown to transmit HIV between individuals: Oral intercourse, vaginal intercourse, anal intercourse, casual contact
answer
Casual contact
question
True or False: diet, exercise, and sleeping habits can all affect the ability of your immune system to fight infections
answer
True
question
There are ___ chambers in the human heart
answer
4
question
True or False: The group of cells in the right atrium that generates the hearts electrical signal and coordinates pumping actions is called the atrial node
answer
False
question
Optimal range for blood pressure level is
answer
systolic- less than 120 diastolic- less than 80
question
Which of the following ethnic population groups has the highest rate of hypertension: Caucasian, Hispanic, Asian American, African American
answer
African American
question
What is the most important noncontrollable risk factor for cardiovascular disease?
answer
Age
question
Which of the following is not one of the known major controllable risk factors for cardiovascular disease: Tobacco use, hypertension, vitamin deficiency, high LDL cholesterol
answer
Vitamin deficiency
question
High blood levels of the amino acid _____ have been linked to increased risks of coronary artery disease and stroke.
answer
homocysteine
question
In which type of arrhythmia do the ventricles contract rapidly and erratically, causing the heart to quiver instead of beat rhythmically?
answer
Ventricular fibrillation
question
True or False: Hypnosis may be useful in helping to control hypertension and other chronic health problems.
answer
True
question
True or False: Regular small doses of aspirin are used to reduce the risk of heart attacks and strokes.
answer
True
question
Cells that are capable of unlimited division and retain the ability to become different cell types are called ____.
answer
Stem cells
question
What determines the type of cancer a person is diagnosed with?
answer
The tissue or primary site where a cancer originates.
question
A mutation in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene is associated with an increased risk for what type of cancer?
answer
Breast
question
Which of the following environments is not considered a risk factor for increase exposure to carcinogens: Farming states, industrial areas, dense forests, cities
answer
Dense forests
question
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) increases the risk for all of the following conditions except: breast cancer, heart disease, endometiral cancer, colon cancer
answer
Colon cancer
question
Colon cancer screening tests include all of the following except: flexible sigmoidoscopy, fecal occult blood test, colonoscopy, and colon-specific antigen test.
answer
Colon-specific antigen test
question
All of the following are skin cancers, except: melanoma, basal cell, sarcoma, squamous cell
answer
sarcoma
question
True or False: You should have a colonoscopy if any type of colon cancer screening produces a positive result.
answer
True
question
True or False: Chemotherapy commonly results in harm to both cancer cells and normal cells
answer
True
question
True or False: in the US, the survival rate for all types of cancer combined is over 60 percent
answer
True
question
Next to motor vehicle accidents, the most common cause of death for children between the ages of 1 and 14 is ____.
answer
Drowning
question
At present, the biggest safety problem for bicycle riders is _________.
answer
Lac of visibility to motorists
question
Batteries should be replaced in battery-powered fire detectors every ________.
answer
6 to 12 months
question
The most dangerous natural disasters that occur in the US include _________.
answer
hurricanes
question
Among the most economically developed nations in the word, the US has the highest rate of _______.
answer
Murders with firearms
question
The most widespread response of US schools increasing youth violence has been more __________.
answer
security and penalties for violence
question
The practice known as hazing is commonly used to _________________.
answer
initiate new members into a group.
question
What age rage is most likely to be victims of child abuse?
answer
9 to 11 year olds
question
Which amendment to the US constitution applies most directly to the gun control debate?
answer
second
question
True or False: Studies indicate that a handgun in the home is more likely to kill a family member than a stranger.
answer
True
question
The approach that means that the whole can be broken down into smaller parts is called the _________ approach.
answer
Reductionist
question
The CAM domain biologically-based practices includes all of the following except: herbal medicine, megavitamins, naturopathy, dietary supplements.
answer
naturopathy
question
The predominant form of health care practiced in the US is __________.
answer
conventional medicine
question
Therms used to describe conventional medicine in North America include all of the following except : western medicine, allopathic medicine, homeopathic medicine, biomedicine
answer
homeopathic
question
Acupuncture originated within what health care system?
answer
Traditional Chinese medicine
question
The burning of a tightly bound mound of herbal leaves to improve the flow of energy within the body is called _________.
answer
Moxibustion
question
Which of the following health practices is an example of a mind-body practice: Dietary supplement, herbal remedy, acupuncture, homeopathic remedy, hypnosis
answer
Hypnosis
question
In the US, herbal and dietary supplements are tested for safety by which organization?
answer
Herbal products do not require safety testing
question
The therapy that involves a practitioner using a number of different hand positions over a patient's body to channel direct healing energy is called ________.
answer
Reiki
question
Which country has the highest health care spending in the world?
answer
United States
question
Most water stored in aquifers eventually flows back into ____________.
answer
Rivers and lakes.
question
The 1974 US law that established safety standards for drinking water was the _________.
answer
Safe drinking water act.
question
The upper layer of the Earth's atmosphere is called the _______________.
answer
Stratosphere
question
Which 1990 US law established a national emission standards for more than 100 different air pollutants?
answer
Clean air act of 1990
question
What flame retardant chemical used in plastic and foam products accumulates in human tissue and may cause chromosome abnormalities?
answer
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers
question
The garbage collected by municipalities from businesses and homes in the US accounts for about _____ percent of the solid waste created in this country.
answer
1
question
Poor irrigation techniques and over-planting of crops that destroy the fertility of land result in ____________.
answer
Desertification
question
True or False: Forests are considered renewable resources regardless of how quickly they are cleared.
answer
False
question
Although the US contains 4.5 percent of the world's population, it uses ____ percent of the world's commercial energy.
answer
24
question
True or False: the maximum population level that supports and optimum standard of living is called global carrying capacity.
answer
False