GOVT Chapter 4 – Flashcards

question
Debates over the right to die most concern which civil liberty?
answer
Privacy
question
The Supreme Court's decision in Griswold v. Connecticut
answer
Established the right to privacy as existing in the Bill of Rights
question
Privacy rights are most central to which of the following controversial issues?
answer
Abortion
question
The Bill of Rights originally applied to:
answer
Only the national government
question
"Proportionality" is an unsettled area of Eighth Amendment law because:
answer
Some punishments may be so disproportionate to the crime that they constitute "cruel and unusual punishment"
question
The broad right to an abortion, subject to specific state limitations, was guaranteed in which court case?
answer
Roe v. Wade
question
Which of the following protections refers to prohibitions against being tried twice for the same crime?
answer
Double Jeopardy
question
Which statement describes the recent trends in laws about abortion?
answer
The states have been making it more difficult to obtain an abortion.
question
When the Supreme Court says that specific parts of the Bill of Rights apply to the actions of state government, it is engaging the doctrine of:
answer
Selective Incorporation
question
The clear and present danger test established in Schenck v. United States allowed suppression of speech that might prevent the government's ability to fight a war because:
answer
The government had a right to protect its own security and existence against "substantive evils"
question
Which of the following forbids states from denying "life, liberty, or property" without following rules based on the Bill of Rights?
answer
Due Process Clause
question
Privacy rights are controversial because:
answer
They are not explicitly stated in the Bill of Rights
question
Even after the Civil War, former slaves did not enjoy the same protection from state governments as they did from the national government. Why?
answer
The Supreme Court still embraced the standard of dual citizenship, despite the Fourteenth Amendment
question
When it comes to the question of prior restraint on the press, the Supreme Court:
answer
Has set a high bar for the government to meet if it wants to restrict the press
question
A township passes an ordinance that prevents a Nazi group from marching through town. The Supreme Court would likely overturn the ordinance as a violation of the group's freedom of:
answer
Assembly
question
The Pentagon Papers case balanced what two considerations?
answer
Freedom of the press and national security
question
Speech that is offensive or abusive, particularly in terms of race, gender, or sexual orientation, is called:
answer
Hate speech
question
Under what circumstances can government regulate freedom of assembly?
answer
Time, place, and manner of the event as long as the regulation is content neutral
question
What types of searches may be permitted based on a weaker "reasonable suspicion"?
answer
School searches
question
Under what circumstances have the courts allowed symbolic speech to be regulated?
answer
When the symbolic speech conflicts with another substantial government interest unrelated to ideas
question
Which of the following does NOT constitute an example of symbolic speech?
answer
Destroying public property during a protest
question
Despite treating campaign spending as a form of protected speech, the Supreme Court does prohibit:
answer
"Soft money" contributions to political parties
question
Spending in campaigns by individuals and groups that is independent of the candidate's campaign is:
answer
Protected and unregulated speech because the Courts have ruled that such spending is not corruptive
question
Which of the following is NOT one of the due process rights?
answer
Freedom from government requirements to provide housing for soldiers
question
In 2013 the Court passed down a ruling saying that DNA:
answer
Could be collected as part of identifying an arrested suspect
question
The Supreme Court has ruled that the government can make laws about commercial speech when:
answer
That speech is misleading
question
Statements that damage someone's reputation are called:
answer
Libel or slander
question
The Miller test is a set of rules determining whether:
answer
Something is obscene
question
Fighting words, obscenity, and libel receive:
answer
Less protection than political speech
question
Current legal standards on libel and slander distinguish between comments made about average, ordinary people and those made about:
answer
Public Figures
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question
Debates over the right to die most concern which civil liberty?
answer
Privacy
question
The Supreme Court's decision in Griswold v. Connecticut
answer
Established the right to privacy as existing in the Bill of Rights
question
Privacy rights are most central to which of the following controversial issues?
answer
Abortion
question
The Bill of Rights originally applied to:
answer
Only the national government
question
"Proportionality" is an unsettled area of Eighth Amendment law because:
answer
Some punishments may be so disproportionate to the crime that they constitute "cruel and unusual punishment"
question
The broad right to an abortion, subject to specific state limitations, was guaranteed in which court case?
answer
Roe v. Wade
question
Which of the following protections refers to prohibitions against being tried twice for the same crime?
answer
Double Jeopardy
question
Which statement describes the recent trends in laws about abortion?
answer
The states have been making it more difficult to obtain an abortion.
question
When the Supreme Court says that specific parts of the Bill of Rights apply to the actions of state government, it is engaging the doctrine of:
answer
Selective Incorporation
question
The clear and present danger test established in Schenck v. United States allowed suppression of speech that might prevent the government's ability to fight a war because:
answer
The government had a right to protect its own security and existence against "substantive evils"
question
Which of the following forbids states from denying "life, liberty, or property" without following rules based on the Bill of Rights?
answer
Due Process Clause
question
Privacy rights are controversial because:
answer
They are not explicitly stated in the Bill of Rights
question
Even after the Civil War, former slaves did not enjoy the same protection from state governments as they did from the national government. Why?
answer
The Supreme Court still embraced the standard of dual citizenship, despite the Fourteenth Amendment
question
When it comes to the question of prior restraint on the press, the Supreme Court:
answer
Has set a high bar for the government to meet if it wants to restrict the press
question
A township passes an ordinance that prevents a Nazi group from marching through town. The Supreme Court would likely overturn the ordinance as a violation of the group's freedom of:
answer
Assembly
question
The Pentagon Papers case balanced what two considerations?
answer
Freedom of the press and national security
question
Speech that is offensive or abusive, particularly in terms of race, gender, or sexual orientation, is called:
answer
Hate speech
question
Under what circumstances can government regulate freedom of assembly?
answer
Time, place, and manner of the event as long as the regulation is content neutral
question
What types of searches may be permitted based on a weaker "reasonable suspicion"?
answer
School searches
question
Under what circumstances have the courts allowed symbolic speech to be regulated?
answer
When the symbolic speech conflicts with another substantial government interest unrelated to ideas
question
Which of the following does NOT constitute an example of symbolic speech?
answer
Destroying public property during a protest
question
Despite treating campaign spending as a form of protected speech, the Supreme Court does prohibit:
answer
"Soft money" contributions to political parties
question
Spending in campaigns by individuals and groups that is independent of the candidate's campaign is:
answer
Protected and unregulated speech because the Courts have ruled that such spending is not corruptive
question
Which of the following is NOT one of the due process rights?
answer
Freedom from government requirements to provide housing for soldiers
question
In 2013 the Court passed down a ruling saying that DNA:
answer
Could be collected as part of identifying an arrested suspect
question
The Supreme Court has ruled that the government can make laws about commercial speech when:
answer
That speech is misleading
question
Statements that damage someone's reputation are called:
answer
Libel or slander
question
The Miller test is a set of rules determining whether:
answer
Something is obscene
question
Fighting words, obscenity, and libel receive:
answer
Less protection than political speech
question
Current legal standards on libel and slander distinguish between comments made about average, ordinary people and those made about:
answer
Public Figures