Complementary and Alternative Therapies Chapter 17 – Flashcards

question
complementary or alternative medicine
answer
CAM
question
are therapies used in addition to conventional treatment recommended by a person's health care provider. do not substitute but rather complement the conventional treatment
answer
complementary therapies
question
include exercises, massage, reflexology, prayer, biofeedback, creative therapies (art, music, or dance therapy), guided imagery, acupuncture, relaxation strategies, chiropractic therapy, therapeutic touch, and herbalism
answer
complementary therapies
question
often include the same interventions as complementary therapies, but frequently become the primary treatment modality that replaces allopathic medicine
answer
alternative therapies
question
traditional or conventional Western medicine
answer
allopathic medicine
question
addresses and treats the mind-body-spirit of the patient
answer
holistic nursing
question
the office of alternative medicine (now the national center for complementary and alternative medicine) was established in _______ as part of the national institutes of health
answer
1992
question
-facilitate the evaluation of alternative medical treatment -acting as clearing house to distribute information to the public, to the media, and professionals -supporting, coordinating, and conducting research and research training in the area of alternative medicine
answer
goals of the national center for complementary and alternative medicine
question
herbalists were consulted by and worked in conjunction with medical physicians until the ______ when the last accredited herbal schools were closed
answer
1930s
question
the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act passed in _____ allows for herbs to be sold as dietary supplements as long as there are no health claims written on their labels
answer
1994
question
is based on a different philosophy than conventional drug therapy
answer
herbal therapy
question
examples of two popular herbs that research continues to confirm their efficacy
answer
echinacea and ginkgo
question
improves overall health and well-being atherosclerosis, bleeding disorders, colitis, diabetes, depressant cancer
answer
Asian ginseng
question
burns, skin irritation has laxative properties
answer
aloe Vera
question
general cardiovascular health, reduces cholesterol level; topical application produces analgesia, controls bleeding
answer
cayenne
question
cell proliferent, stimulates quick healing of strains and slow-healing wounds (for external use only)
answer
comfrey
question
stimulates immune function; excellent blood cleanser; upper respiratory infections; wound healing
answer
echinacea
question
premenstrual syndrome, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, cardiovascular problems, hot flashes, mastalgia
answer
evening primrose oil
question
nausea, vomiting, motion sickness, appetite improvement impotence, liver toxicity, burns
answer
ginger
question
improves memory, increases circulation to the extremities and the brain
answer
gingko, maiden-hair tree
question
antibiotic and antiseptic, especially effective on mucous membranes, urinary tract infection, diarrhea, and hemorrhoids digestive aid and expectorant
answer
goldenseal
question
anxiety, stress, and restlessness, insomnia, wound healing
answer
kava
question
antiseptic, antidepressant, sedative relaxation, minor cuts, psoriasis, fragance
answer
lavender
question
mild to moderate depression, anxiety, viral infection, insomnia, premenstrual syndrome, topical myalgia, inflammation
answer
st. John's wort
question
skin irritations, acne, athlete's foot topical antiseptic, antifungal inhalation for respiratory disorders
answer
tea tree oil
question
insomnia, hyperactivity, stress, anxiety
answer
Valerian
question
keep seeds of _______ out of children's reach because of the potential risk of seizures with ingestion
answer
ginkgo
question
______ does not mean safe
answer
"natural"
question
avoid using herbs and spices for at least ___________ before any surgery
answer
2 weeks
question
postpone ___________ treatment if patient's feet have cuts, boils, bruises, or other injuries
answer
reflexology
question
check with your health care provider before trying ________ if patient has diabetes, peripheral vascular disease, or other vascular problems in the legs, such as thrombosis or phlebitis
answer
reflexology
question
has been in existence since 1800s doctors of ____________ undergo extensive training in manipulation of the musculoskeletal system
answer
chiropractic therapy
question
considered an acceptable treatment for certain disorders, including back pain and headaches
answer
chiropractic therapy
question
adjusts the joints of the body by gentle manipulation to put an area of disturbed structural integrity, usually the vertebrae, back in proper alignment
answer
chiropractic doctors
question
contraindications for __________ include acute myelopathy, fractures, dislocations, rheumatoid arthritis, and osteoporosis
answer
chiropractic therapy
question
are therapies that are based on the belief that there is a form of energy or Qi (life force) that flows through the body along meridians (channels of energy)
answer
acupuncture and acupressure
question
is a method of stimulating certain points on the body by the insertion of special needles to modify the perception of pain, normalize physiologic functions, or treat or prevent disease
answer
acupuncture
question
the most common problems for which ___________ is used include low back pain, myofascial pain, simple and migraine headaches, sciatica, shoulder pain, tennis elbow, osteoarthritis, whiplash, and musculoskeletal sprains
answer
acupuncture
question
uses gentle pressure at similar points on the body
answer
acupressure
question
is used primarily for prevention and relief of symptoms of muscle tension
answer
acupressure
question
reduces tension, increases circulation, and enables the body to relax deeply. By relieving stress, _________ increases resistance to disease and promotes wellness. It is beneficial in situations of discomfort and promotes the ability to rest or sleep
answer
acupressure
question
is performed by trained professionals to manipulate the soft tissues of the body and assist with healing
answer
therapeutic massage
question
contraindications: a patient with phlebitis or thrombosis needs to avoid ____________ of the affected extremity. in infectious diseases
answer
therapeutic massage
question
uses pure essential oils, produces from plants, to provide health benefits
answer
aromatherapy
question
contraindications: do not use essential oils on the skin of a patient with atopic eczema
answer
aromatherapy
question
it is thought that it is possible to exert an effect on the entire body by applying pressure to specific areas on the feet
answer
reflexology
question
is based on the premise that there are zones and reflexes in different parts of the foot that correspond one-to-one to each part, gland, and organ of the body
answer
reflexology
question
four main benefits: 1. relaxes the body and removes stress 2. enhances the circulation 3. assists the body to normalize metabolism naturally 4. complements all other healing modalities
answer
reflexology
question
its use is appropriate throughout pregnancy care and presurgically and postsurgically
answer
reflexology
question
contraindications: use lighter pressure on the corresponding reflex areas when heart problems, blood problems, high blood pressure, epilepsy, or diabetes are present
answer
reflexology
question
have been used for thousands of years in healing and to improve overall health. are sometimes used intermittently and sometimes worn all the time
answer
magnets
question
are used to increase circulation, increase energy, and decrease pain
answer
magnets
question
common physiologic responses: 1. vasodilation 2. analgesic action 3. antiinflammatory action 4. spasmolytic (arresting spasms) activity 5. acceleration of healing 6. antiedema activity
answer
magnets
question
contraindication: include pregnancy and pacemakers, insulin delivery systems, cochlear implants, and defibrillators, and concurrent use of an electric blanket or heating pad. patients with myasthenia gravis hyperthyroidism and adrenal gland, hypothalamic, and pituitary dysfunction
answer
magnets
question
use the conscious mind to create mental ______ to evoke physical changes in the body, create a sense of improved well-being and enhance self-awareness
answer
imagery or visualization techniques
question
has the power to evoke significant psychophysiologic responses such as alterations in immune function
answer
imagery
question
-has been used to visualize the destruction of cancer cells by cells of the immune system -control or relieve pain -achieve calmness and serenity -asthma, hypertension, functional urinary disorders, menstrual and premenstrual syndromes, gastrointestinal disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome and ulcerative colitis, and rheumatoid arthritis
answer
imagery
question
is the state of a generalized decrease in cognitive, physiologic, or behavioral arousal
answer
relaxation
question
this process elongates the muscle fibers and reduces the neural impulses sent to the brain, and thus decreases the activity of the brain and other body systems
answer
relaxation
question
response is characterized by decrease heart and respiratory rates, blood pressure, and oxygen consumption and increased alpha brain activity and peripheral skin temperature
answer
relaxation
question
focusing passivity receptivity
answer
cognitive skills of relaxation
question
AAT
answer
animal-assisted therapy
question
is used as a complementary therapy for people in acute and long-term care settings
answer
AAT
question
has many applications including overcoming physical limitations, improving mood, lowering blood pressure, and improving socialization skills and self-esteem
answer
AAT
question
is a healing system of therapy and practice. it is a combination of breathing exercises, physical postures, and meditation. has emerged as a therapeutic treatment and is now being recognized by Western medical practice
answer
yoga
question
tone the muscles that balance all parts of the body, including internal organs, heart, lungs, glands, and nerves. increases flexibility of the spine and therefore is good for treating chronic back problems. beneficial for the nervous system.
answer
yoga
question
emphasis is placed on relaxing the body and calming and focusing the mind
answer
T'ai chi- or Taiji
question
health benefits include significant improvements in balance, leg strength, cardiorespiratory function, range of motion and treatment of arthritic symptoms, self-efficacy, sleep quality, prevention of osteoporosis, and immune function
answer
T'ai chi- or Taiji
question
is a noninvasive method of determining a patient's neuromuscular and autonomic nervous system response by measuring body functions such as blood pressure, pulse, muscle tension, and skin temperature with the use of electronic or electromechanical equipment
answer
biofeedback
question
reduce stress response, beneficial in the treatment of disorders such as migraine headaches, pain, and urinary tract and gastrointestinal tract disorders
answer
biofeedback
question
if a patient complaints of right lower abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting, you will suspect appendicitis and recommended assessment by an
answer
allopathic physician
question
if the patient has a chronic gastrointestinal disorder and has been diagnosed with irritable bowel syndrome, it is possible that the patient will benefit from
answer
relaxation and herbal therapy
question
are used to restore or maintain health
answer
complementary and alternative therapies
question
herbs used for treatment are formulated in many ways for consumption and use as
answer
dried herbs in capsules or tablets, tinctures, teas, compresses, salves, or ointments
question
are done by applying needles or pressure to specific points on the body. the points correspond to meridians that flow through the body
answer
acupuncture and acupressure
question
is a holistic art that emphasizes mind-body integration, physical and mental balance, and spiritual development
answer
T'ai chi- or Taiji
question
is used to promote healing and prevent injury
answer
therapeutic massage
question
contraindications include a history of phlebitis or thrombosis of the extremities
answer
therapeutic massage
question
uses essential oils to provide health benefits. Inhalation is the most common method of using the oils
answer
aromatherapy
question
pressure to the feet in the form of massage
answer
reflexology
question
is a focused pressure technique; it is based on the premise that zones or reflex areas exist in the feet that correspond to all organs, glands, and systems of the body
answer
reflexology
question
is thought to improve circulation to a specific area, promote healing, increase energy, and decrease pain
answer
magnet therapy
question
potentially tones the muscles that balance all parts of the body, including internal organs, heart, lungs, glands, and nerves, and control the emotions and mind
answer
yoga
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question
complementary or alternative medicine
answer
CAM
question
are therapies used in addition to conventional treatment recommended by a person's health care provider. do not substitute but rather complement the conventional treatment
answer
complementary therapies
question
include exercises, massage, reflexology, prayer, biofeedback, creative therapies (art, music, or dance therapy), guided imagery, acupuncture, relaxation strategies, chiropractic therapy, therapeutic touch, and herbalism
answer
complementary therapies
question
often include the same interventions as complementary therapies, but frequently become the primary treatment modality that replaces allopathic medicine
answer
alternative therapies
question
traditional or conventional Western medicine
answer
allopathic medicine
question
addresses and treats the mind-body-spirit of the patient
answer
holistic nursing
question
the office of alternative medicine (now the national center for complementary and alternative medicine) was established in _______ as part of the national institutes of health
answer
1992
question
-facilitate the evaluation of alternative medical treatment -acting as clearing house to distribute information to the public, to the media, and professionals -supporting, coordinating, and conducting research and research training in the area of alternative medicine
answer
goals of the national center for complementary and alternative medicine
question
herbalists were consulted by and worked in conjunction with medical physicians until the ______ when the last accredited herbal schools were closed
answer
1930s
question
the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act passed in _____ allows for herbs to be sold as dietary supplements as long as there are no health claims written on their labels
answer
1994
question
is based on a different philosophy than conventional drug therapy
answer
herbal therapy
question
examples of two popular herbs that research continues to confirm their efficacy
answer
echinacea and ginkgo
question
improves overall health and well-being atherosclerosis, bleeding disorders, colitis, diabetes, depressant cancer
answer
Asian ginseng
question
burns, skin irritation has laxative properties
answer
aloe Vera
question
general cardiovascular health, reduces cholesterol level; topical application produces analgesia, controls bleeding
answer
cayenne
question
cell proliferent, stimulates quick healing of strains and slow-healing wounds (for external use only)
answer
comfrey
question
stimulates immune function; excellent blood cleanser; upper respiratory infections; wound healing
answer
echinacea
question
premenstrual syndrome, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, cardiovascular problems, hot flashes, mastalgia
answer
evening primrose oil
question
nausea, vomiting, motion sickness, appetite improvement impotence, liver toxicity, burns
answer
ginger
question
improves memory, increases circulation to the extremities and the brain
answer
gingko, maiden-hair tree
question
antibiotic and antiseptic, especially effective on mucous membranes, urinary tract infection, diarrhea, and hemorrhoids digestive aid and expectorant
answer
goldenseal
question
anxiety, stress, and restlessness, insomnia, wound healing
answer
kava
question
antiseptic, antidepressant, sedative relaxation, minor cuts, psoriasis, fragance
answer
lavender
question
mild to moderate depression, anxiety, viral infection, insomnia, premenstrual syndrome, topical myalgia, inflammation
answer
st. John's wort
question
skin irritations, acne, athlete's foot topical antiseptic, antifungal inhalation for respiratory disorders
answer
tea tree oil
question
insomnia, hyperactivity, stress, anxiety
answer
Valerian
question
keep seeds of _______ out of children's reach because of the potential risk of seizures with ingestion
answer
ginkgo
question
______ does not mean safe
answer
"natural"
question
avoid using herbs and spices for at least ___________ before any surgery
answer
2 weeks
question
postpone ___________ treatment if patient's feet have cuts, boils, bruises, or other injuries
answer
reflexology
question
check with your health care provider before trying ________ if patient has diabetes, peripheral vascular disease, or other vascular problems in the legs, such as thrombosis or phlebitis
answer
reflexology
question
has been in existence since 1800s doctors of ____________ undergo extensive training in manipulation of the musculoskeletal system
answer
chiropractic therapy
question
considered an acceptable treatment for certain disorders, including back pain and headaches
answer
chiropractic therapy
question
adjusts the joints of the body by gentle manipulation to put an area of disturbed structural integrity, usually the vertebrae, back in proper alignment
answer
chiropractic doctors
question
contraindications for __________ include acute myelopathy, fractures, dislocations, rheumatoid arthritis, and osteoporosis
answer
chiropractic therapy
question
are therapies that are based on the belief that there is a form of energy or Qi (life force) that flows through the body along meridians (channels of energy)
answer
acupuncture and acupressure
question
is a method of stimulating certain points on the body by the insertion of special needles to modify the perception of pain, normalize physiologic functions, or treat or prevent disease
answer
acupuncture
question
the most common problems for which ___________ is used include low back pain, myofascial pain, simple and migraine headaches, sciatica, shoulder pain, tennis elbow, osteoarthritis, whiplash, and musculoskeletal sprains
answer
acupuncture
question
uses gentle pressure at similar points on the body
answer
acupressure
question
is used primarily for prevention and relief of symptoms of muscle tension
answer
acupressure
question
reduces tension, increases circulation, and enables the body to relax deeply. By relieving stress, _________ increases resistance to disease and promotes wellness. It is beneficial in situations of discomfort and promotes the ability to rest or sleep
answer
acupressure
question
is performed by trained professionals to manipulate the soft tissues of the body and assist with healing
answer
therapeutic massage
question
contraindications: a patient with phlebitis or thrombosis needs to avoid ____________ of the affected extremity. in infectious diseases
answer
therapeutic massage
question
uses pure essential oils, produces from plants, to provide health benefits
answer
aromatherapy
question
contraindications: do not use essential oils on the skin of a patient with atopic eczema
answer
aromatherapy
question
it is thought that it is possible to exert an effect on the entire body by applying pressure to specific areas on the feet
answer
reflexology
question
is based on the premise that there are zones and reflexes in different parts of the foot that correspond one-to-one to each part, gland, and organ of the body
answer
reflexology
question
four main benefits: 1. relaxes the body and removes stress 2. enhances the circulation 3. assists the body to normalize metabolism naturally 4. complements all other healing modalities
answer
reflexology
question
its use is appropriate throughout pregnancy care and presurgically and postsurgically
answer
reflexology
question
contraindications: use lighter pressure on the corresponding reflex areas when heart problems, blood problems, high blood pressure, epilepsy, or diabetes are present
answer
reflexology
question
have been used for thousands of years in healing and to improve overall health. are sometimes used intermittently and sometimes worn all the time
answer
magnets
question
are used to increase circulation, increase energy, and decrease pain
answer
magnets
question
common physiologic responses: 1. vasodilation 2. analgesic action 3. antiinflammatory action 4. spasmolytic (arresting spasms) activity 5. acceleration of healing 6. antiedema activity
answer
magnets
question
contraindication: include pregnancy and pacemakers, insulin delivery systems, cochlear implants, and defibrillators, and concurrent use of an electric blanket or heating pad. patients with myasthenia gravis hyperthyroidism and adrenal gland, hypothalamic, and pituitary dysfunction
answer
magnets
question
use the conscious mind to create mental ______ to evoke physical changes in the body, create a sense of improved well-being and enhance self-awareness
answer
imagery or visualization techniques
question
has the power to evoke significant psychophysiologic responses such as alterations in immune function
answer
imagery
question
-has been used to visualize the destruction of cancer cells by cells of the immune system -control or relieve pain -achieve calmness and serenity -asthma, hypertension, functional urinary disorders, menstrual and premenstrual syndromes, gastrointestinal disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome and ulcerative colitis, and rheumatoid arthritis
answer
imagery
question
is the state of a generalized decrease in cognitive, physiologic, or behavioral arousal
answer
relaxation
question
this process elongates the muscle fibers and reduces the neural impulses sent to the brain, and thus decreases the activity of the brain and other body systems
answer
relaxation
question
response is characterized by decrease heart and respiratory rates, blood pressure, and oxygen consumption and increased alpha brain activity and peripheral skin temperature
answer
relaxation
question
focusing passivity receptivity
answer
cognitive skills of relaxation
question
AAT
answer
animal-assisted therapy
question
is used as a complementary therapy for people in acute and long-term care settings
answer
AAT
question
has many applications including overcoming physical limitations, improving mood, lowering blood pressure, and improving socialization skills and self-esteem
answer
AAT
question
is a healing system of therapy and practice. it is a combination of breathing exercises, physical postures, and meditation. has emerged as a therapeutic treatment and is now being recognized by Western medical practice
answer
yoga
question
tone the muscles that balance all parts of the body, including internal organs, heart, lungs, glands, and nerves. increases flexibility of the spine and therefore is good for treating chronic back problems. beneficial for the nervous system.
answer
yoga
question
emphasis is placed on relaxing the body and calming and focusing the mind
answer
T'ai chi- or Taiji
question
health benefits include significant improvements in balance, leg strength, cardiorespiratory function, range of motion and treatment of arthritic symptoms, self-efficacy, sleep quality, prevention of osteoporosis, and immune function
answer
T'ai chi- or Taiji
question
is a noninvasive method of determining a patient's neuromuscular and autonomic nervous system response by measuring body functions such as blood pressure, pulse, muscle tension, and skin temperature with the use of electronic or electromechanical equipment
answer
biofeedback
question
reduce stress response, beneficial in the treatment of disorders such as migraine headaches, pain, and urinary tract and gastrointestinal tract disorders
answer
biofeedback
question
if a patient complaints of right lower abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting, you will suspect appendicitis and recommended assessment by an
answer
allopathic physician
question
if the patient has a chronic gastrointestinal disorder and has been diagnosed with irritable bowel syndrome, it is possible that the patient will benefit from
answer
relaxation and herbal therapy
question
are used to restore or maintain health
answer
complementary and alternative therapies
question
herbs used for treatment are formulated in many ways for consumption and use as
answer
dried herbs in capsules or tablets, tinctures, teas, compresses, salves, or ointments
question
are done by applying needles or pressure to specific points on the body. the points correspond to meridians that flow through the body
answer
acupuncture and acupressure
question
is a holistic art that emphasizes mind-body integration, physical and mental balance, and spiritual development
answer
T'ai chi- or Taiji
question
is used to promote healing and prevent injury
answer
therapeutic massage
question
contraindications include a history of phlebitis or thrombosis of the extremities
answer
therapeutic massage
question
uses essential oils to provide health benefits. Inhalation is the most common method of using the oils
answer
aromatherapy
question
pressure to the feet in the form of massage
answer
reflexology
question
is a focused pressure technique; it is based on the premise that zones or reflex areas exist in the feet that correspond to all organs, glands, and systems of the body
answer
reflexology
question
is thought to improve circulation to a specific area, promote healing, increase energy, and decrease pain
answer
magnet therapy
question
potentially tones the muscles that balance all parts of the body, including internal organs, heart, lungs, glands, and nerves, and control the emotions and mind
answer
yoga