U.S History Chapters 15 & 16 Review

question

voluntary work force (North or South)
answer

North
question

many immigrants working for low wages (North or South)
answer

North
question

had slavery (North or South)
answer

South
question

little capital, much debt (North or South)
answer

South
question

industrial economy- factories, manufactured items, textiles (North or South)
answer

North
question

had railroad, steam boats, etc. for more rapid city growth (North or South)
answer

North
question

grew cash crops and large amounts of wheat (North or South)
answer

North
question

agrarian economy- plantations and farms – cotton was king (North or South)
answer

South
question

bad roads and less railroads lead to slower growth of cities (North or South)
answer

South
question

grew cotton, tobacco, and indigo (North or South)
answer

South
question

not as many schools, private tutors (North or South)
answer

South
question

bad working conditions- child labor (North or South)
answer

North
question

public education and schools (North or South)
answer

North
question

Missouri Compromise
answer

1820, prohibited slavery in territory acquired in Louisiana that was north of 3630 and admitted Maine as a free state and Missouri as a slave state to maintain balance in Congress
question

Wilmot Proviso
answer

said slavery should be prohibited in any lands acquired from Mexico, Calhoun disagreed and thought that not Congress nor territorial gov’t can ban slavery
question

Compromise of 1850
answer

1) CA free state 2)no restriction on slavery in Mexico territory 3) New Mexico favored in border dispute with Texas 4) slave trade banned in D.C. 5) stronger Fugitive Slave Law – RESULT: postponed the breakup of the Union
question

What did Harriet Beecher Stowe write and what is the significance?
answer

wrote \”Uncle Tom’s Cabin\” which showed the evils of slavery and how brutal and inhumane it was, best seller
question

Fugitive Slave Act of 1850
answer

required all citizens to help catch runaway slaves, anyone who aided a runaway was fined up to $1,000 or imprisoned, instead of helping Southerners it made Northerners more antislavery, very hard to enforce
question

Underground Railroad
answer

a network of free African-Americans and whites that helped runaways to freedom
question

popular sovereignty
answer

allowing the people of a region decide whether or not to allow slavery
question

Kansas-Nebraska Act
answer

repealed the Missouri Compromise, allowed people in territories/states to decide whether or not to allow slavery regardless of the 3630, South liked this act
question

border ruffians
answer

proslavery voters from Missouri that crossed the border to Kansas to vote in its elections- illegal, traveled in armed groups
question

why was Kansas called Bleeding Kansas?
answer

civil war within Kansas between proslavery and antislavery groups, showed how popular sovereignty could not work peacefully
question

what parties joined to form the Republican party?
answer

antislavery Whigs, Democrats, and Free-soilers
question

what was the Republican party’s main goal?
answer

to prevent slavery from spreading into territories
question

what was the Dred Scott Case? what’s the significance?
answer

Chief Justice Taney said that the Constitution protected slavery (Fifth Amendment protects property) and how all territories might have slavery
question

Lincoln-Douglas debates
answer

Lincoln (Republican) challenged Douglas (Democrat) to a series of debates, slavery was the main topic, Lincoln said \”a house divided against itself cannot stand\”, after debates Lincoln lost in Senate but won President
question

John Brown
answer

abolitionist who used violence, led raid on Harper’s Ferry, was tried and executed which created an uproar
question

what is a martyr?
answer

someone who dies for a cause, example: John Brown
question

secession
answer

withdrawal from the Union
question

why did the South secede?
answer

feared the Republican gov’t wouldn’t protect their rights and liberties
question

advantages of the North during Civil War
answer

larger population, more industry, more abundant resources
question

advantages of the South during Civil War
answer

defending their own land, tradition of military service and training
question

weaknesses of the North during Civil War
answer

opinion about the war was divided and shaky, support for the war was not always strong
question

weaknesses of the South during Civil War
answer

fewer factories to produce weapons and supplies, fewer railroads- hard to transport food, weapons, and supplies
question

what was the goal of the North
answer

to win the war and bring Southern states back into the Union
question

what was the goal of the South
answer

to preserve slavery and their way of life
question

blockade
answer

to block off an area by using troops or warships to prevent people or supplies from going in and out- strategy used by North
question

Emancipation Proclamation
answer

Jan 1, 1863- signed by Lincoln after battle of Antietam, freed slaves in Confederacy
question

Gettysburg Address
answer

after battle of Gettysburg, \”Four score and seven years ago..\”, 2 minute speech by Lincoln
question

Second Inaugural Address
answer

Lincoln said, \”With malice toward none and charity toward all…\” he meant that the Union should accept Southerners back into the Union
question

Appomattox Court House
answer

there Lee and his troops surrendered to General Grant and the Union on April 9, 1865

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member